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[A// Rights reserved.] 

, i^ w .'. . . '^ ^ 


t4> M<\KApi(OT<IkT({> KAI <t>lAOMOYC({> 

KYPin nop<t>YPi'n 

T<|> TOY 'Opoyc ZiNA 'Apxiepel 
fnoAHyccoc re kai eyrNCOMocyNHC 

L. S. M. 

* % t 

cAaxicton AeifMA 



THE following list of the Syriac manuscripts in the 
Convent of St Catherine on Mount Sinai was made 
by me in the month of February, 1893. It is not a 
complete catalogue of their contents, the time at my 
disposal (forty days) and the necessity of completing other 
work to which I had set my hands having precluded me 
from compiling anything that goes much beyond a mere 
index. I took advantage of an opportunity that has 
never before been granted to a European visitor, and which 
sprung directly out of a visit paid by my sister, Mrs Gibson, 
and myself to the monastery in February, 1 892. 

I had then the pleasure of discovering and photo- 
graphing the palimpsest, No. 30, which contains the Four 
Gospels in Old Syriac, a Palestinian Syriac Lectionary, 
No. I, a tenth century Arabic codex of the Gospels, a 
ninth century Arabic codex of some of St Paul's Epistles, 
and a Greek Liturgy of St Mark of Alexandria ; some of 
these being hitherto unknown in Europe, and others being 
known by one, or in the case of the Liturgy, by two copies 

My sister and I had also gained the goodwill of His 
Beatitude Porphyrios, Archbishop of Mount Sinai, and of 
the whole resident community of monks, from whom we 
received an amount of kindness and assistance which 
contributed not a little to the success of our efforts. It 



was thus only natural that my sister should have taken 
advantage of this friendship to obtain from the Archbishop 
the following letter, the promise of which, strangely enough, 
came to us both as a birthday present 

'Oauoraroi ^icevo^vXcL^ K. TcCKaktUov kcu Oucovofie 
K. HiKoSfjfie, Tifp *Tfi€T€pap 'OaioTtira irarpucw eirxpiieBa 
KoX eukoyovfuv. 

A« eViSoTiSe? T79 ovoTaTiKrj^ rifjL&v ravrtj^ irarpuco^ 
evx^Tiicri^ iTnoToXrj^ rvyxO'VOW, (u §cai iripvai avvavaficurai 
ip T§ Moi/^ yvoHTTol vfuv TlepifjyijTpuu ^ASeX^ol ^AyyXiSe^ 
K.''Appa 'S.pXO KoX Mapyapira Tvifiaop, avpoievofiepac inro 
T&p K. K. Beyo-Xc /xer^ r^ av^vyov rot;, ^dpxep (sic) fiera 
T79 (Tv^vyov Tov, Koi Tov K,vpiov l^dpi^^ aiTCpe^ ep^oprai 
avToae irpo^ p^Xerrfp T79 fiiffXioOi^Kfi^ r^9 'lepa^ rui&p Moi^9 
Kai irpo^ KardaTpmaip axpifiov^ xaraXoyov airavr^p nSp ip 
avT^ ^Apafiucwp koI ^vpiOK&p ficfiXimp, 6 iiroio^ icaraKoyo^ 
Ok fjUpfj irdpTore ip t^ Moi^ w avpepo^ijOfjfUP ipravOa* 
Kot fjLOPOP iTiOTOP avTov aprijpa^p 6h Xtifitaaip ai ip Xoytp 
Kvpiac fi€0* iatnwp. ^Eirl rovnp Bk i^iirffcap trap rjplp 
rffp aBeuuf tov irapafieipiu hfa irepiirov p.rjpa ainoOi koX 
irpoTperrofieBa v/ia^ irarpucw^ ipa irapdaxnre vpoOvfU^ 
Tai9 ipirlftoi^ Kal Xoyiai^ ravrai^ icvpuu^ r^v vpb^ top 
GKoirop avr&p dircuTovfiiprfp avpSpo/jL^v xaX irepiiroUfaiP* 
*E^* 0Z9 e7ret;Xo70t;in'e9 /cal av0i^ vfia^ irarpucA^ hune- 

T^9 'T/jLcripa^ 'Oaiortfro^ 

SMirvpo^ vpo^ Oeop evx^rtf^ 

'O 2ij/aM>9 Tlop<l>vpio^* 

ip Katptfi t{ 13 *laMovaplov, 

Toi9 ^Oaiorrdroi^ 'S,K€vo<l>vXa^i K. TaXmcTU^pi teal OIko^ 
pofMp K. NtiroSi7/L&^ To79 o'vyKparovci rrpf 'lepdp r&p 
Tlaripap l,vpa^iP, 


I would draw attention to the conditions under which 
we obtained permission to examine all the Syriac and 
Arabic books in the Convent. The most important was 
that a list of these should be made out in the Greek 
language, and should be left in the Convent, we taking 
an accurate copy with us on our departure. On the 
fulfilment of this obligation depended other concessions 
made to us and to our fellow-travellers, which need not be 
specified here. 

This book is therefore bilingual throughout, the de- 
scriptive part being in English and in Modem Greek. In 
writing the latter I have adopted the ancient forms of the 
verb eifHy such as ecrrt, etVt, in preference to etve, so as to 
make it more readily understood by Western scholars. I 
have however conformed to modern usage by giving to 
neuter plural substantives a plural verb. 

The work of compiling this list during our stay at the 
Convent was a heavy one, and I could not have accom- 
plished it but for the constant advice and active assistance 
of my friend Mr J. Rendel Harris. He alone is responsible • 
for the Appendix of Fragments which he catalogued at 
the request of the late lamented Abbot and Librarian, 
Father Galaktion. The text of most of them will be 
found in his Biblical Fragments from Mount Sinai, pub- 
lished in 1890. No. SS is the only one of these which I 
have copied from photographs. 

To Mr Harris also I owe the Syriac extracts from 
No. ID and No. 16. These he copied from photographs 
which he took in 1889 and compared again with the 
originals in 1893. 

The dates which I have ventured to assign to some 
of the MSS. are only approximate, and I suspect that 
a few of these will be referred to an earlier period when 
they come into the hands of more experienced scholars. 


Certain numbers in my list are left blank ; the manu- 
scripts to which these belong having apparently been lost 
or removed. Mr Harris informs me that one of the 
missing copies is a fine codex of the second and third 
books of the Maccabees, which he saw and photographed 
in 1889* 

I have to record my thanks to the holy Fathers who 
sometimes relieved me of the task of counting pages ; to 
the Rev. R. H. Kennett of Queens* College, Lecturer in 
Aramaic to the University of Cambridge, who has helped 
me with various suggestions in regard to the Syriac 
extracts; and to Mr J. F. Stenning of Oxford, who has 
brought me from Sinai some words which I had photo- 
graphed too faintly in No. 10. And I trust that future 
visitors to the Sinai Library will forgive any sins of 
omission which they may detect in these pages, for the 
sake of the time and labour which may be saved to them 
in their researches. 

• See frontispiece. 

Agnes Smith Lewis. 

Castlk-Brab, Cambridge, 



List of Syriac MSS i 

List of Palestinian Syriac MSS. 93 

Appendix of Fragments 95 

Appendix No. IL 124 


A page from MS. of Maccabees Frontispiece 

A page from the Peshito Gospels, No. 2 . . . P^g^ i 

A page from the Palimpsest of Old Syriac Gospels, 

No. 30 ,,43 

A page from the Palestinian Syriac Lectionary, No. i „ 93 

do. from No. 2 » 93 

A page from the cover of No. i „ 93 

Part of a Greek Fragment of St Mark's Gospel (Ap- 
pendix, No. 8) ,,103 


Page 17, Nu. 14 for QAkjL&ia ^^d Qau0l&ia 

Page 5O1 No. 48 for ^nxepapiop read 'Srixflpo-piov 

Page 51, No. 50 for », read ,, 

Page 63, No. 118 for ,, read 

Page 66, No. 133 for ,, read 

Page 69, No. 148 for ,, read ,, 

• * 




: Peshito Gospels. No. 2. Sixth century. 

Luke xii. 20—30. 

To fact pagt i. 


been given as 433 not 430. Eber was 34 years old when he begat Peleg. 
These are errors which suggest mistakes in copying. 

It is otherwise with Eber's 430 years, which ought to be 464, a mistake 
evidently due to miscalculation. 

f. 117 b. The preference given to Syriac is curious. Hebrew and Arabic 
have surely an equal right to confer a place at the lx)rd's right hand on their 
votaries if the direction of the script can entitle them to do so. The author 
deduces from the name of Peleg and from Genesis x. 25, that in his day the 
earth was divided between tribes. The view that division of land by canals 
is referred to appears to me to be much more probable. 

f. 1 18 a. Reu's life was 239 years, as f . 118 b says. 

f. 120 a, b. It is interesting to see how the Arabs account for images 
being buried under mounds. 

f. 122 a. Terah's comparatively short life is here cut shorter by two years. 

f. 123 a. Moriah is at Jerusalem, but has no claim to be the spot where 
the Lord was crucified. The tendency to crowd all the Holy places under 
one roof and even to make them identical is very strong. 

f. 124 b. Melchizedek. See note on f. 116 a, b. 

I have no clue to the identity of Karmos or any of his cities. The Syriac 
MSS. give for yjSj\3 ^^*\6^ ^^ti^-i^ and .^^a^i^ according to Professor 
Bezold, and the name of his sister as ^ola and of his brother as o!^x&nK^ 

f. 125 a. The Syriac calls Nimroda ^ioro«\ = Tarn muz. 
Five years too few are assigned to the life of Abraham. 

f. 125 b. The addition to Gen. xxv. 23 is due to invention either of the 
author or of the scribe. 

f. 1 26 a. Our author really requires an apology for his feeble arithmetic 
He has subtracted 60 from 130 and has made the result 77 ! 

f. 127 b. It is an amusing anachronism to speak of the children of Israel 
being prevented by a veil from looking on the beauty of Leah. We need not 
be too hard on the author, however, as even Sir Walter Scott trips on the 
other side of the stone, when in Ivanhoe he makes Rebecca sing " And Zion's 
daughters poured their lays," of maidens to whom Zion was as yet only in the 
promised land. 

Our author, too, gets tripped up by his metaphors. He does not seem 
sure which of the sisters was veiled. 

G. c 

xviii NOTES. 

f. 1 28 a. When he reached 1 20 years his father Isaac died. The calcula- 
tion is correct this time, as is also the statement that Isaac was alive at 
the time of the sale of Joseph. I must apologize for some grammatical 
confusion of pronouns, this fault being in the Arabic, and the chronology of 
Jacob's journey from Haran to Shechem is puzzling. 

f. 129 a. The priesthood was from Aminadab, Aaron's wife was Elisheba, 
daughter of Aminadab, Exodus vi. 23, but our author is wrong in supposing, 
as he evidently does, that this gave the Virgin a priestly ancestry. Bezold's 
MSS. both Syriac and Arabic, introduce a woman named Aminadab, daughter 
or sister of Nahson, who was wedded to Eleazar son of Aaron and was the 
mother of Phinehas. See Exodus vi. 25. 

Bezold has L»t = Asa for ^3 % \ ■■». 

f. 129 b. I cannot find any trace of a son of Moses named Eleazar. 

ff. 130 a, b. With the exception of Joshua's 31 years, which are doubt- 
ful, the chronology of the Judges goes on with sufficient accuracy till 
it comes to the son of Puah, whose years should be 23, not 20, and why 
Jair a Gileadite should have been a woman is a mystery. Neither the other 
Arabic MSS. nor the Syriac give any support to this idea. The length of 
Jephthah's rule is not mentioned, and Ibzan's time ought to be 7 years instead 
of 6. The 12 years' interregnum, and the 22 years of Samuel's rule are 
conjectural. The same may be said of Saul's 40 years, unless it is from a 
desire to make him equal to David and Solomon. 

f. 131 a. The Paris MS. says that Sabad was the place known as Mount 
Sinai. See Bezold, p. | v^ note f. All the Arabic MSS. except this Sinai 
one, as well as the Syriac, make Solomon call a city which he built there 
Heliopolis. That Aradus was built by Solomon also requires confirmation. 

f. 132 a. It is amusing to find Nebuchadnezzar alive in the days of 
Hiram. There must have been three centuries between them, but there may 
have been several Phoenician kings of the name. 

f. 132 b. It is a mere assumption that Abijah was 20 years old at his 

f. 133 a. This page is written in a different hand from the rest, and 
contains all that is stroked out in f. 131b. 

Our author is wrong about Athaliah, who seems to have been the daughter 
of Ahab, and granddaugh^r of Omri, in every way worthy of her parentage. 
Ahaziah was 22 not 20, at his accession. 

Why the author has chosen to slip over the manner of Athaliah's death it 
is hard to say. He had not the dramatic feeling of Racine or Metastasio. 


f. 134 a. This is an amusing conjecture about there being no record of 
Isaiah's having reproved Uzziah. The length of Isaiah's time of prophecy 
has led to the theory that there were two prophets of the name, yet our 
author thinks he should have begun earlier! He has got his inference from 
Isaiah vi. i. 

f. 1 34 b. Ahaz has to be provided with a mother, to make him equal to 
his predecessors. 

f 135a. "Jerusalem" must be a mistake for "Samaria," against which 
Shalmanezer came, II. Kings xviii. 9; and it was in Hezekiah's 14th year, not 
his 26th, that Sennacherib came. 

The author is indebted to his imagination in his account of Hezekiah's 

Hezekiah reigned for 29, not 26 years. 

f 135 b. Amon's maternal grandfather was Haruz, not Hasoun, and 
Amon reigned for two, not for 12 years, II. Kings xxi. 19. 

Josiah has had 60 years unaccountably added to his age at his accession. 
His mother's name has got so far corrupted as to sound quite wrong, a 
process which is not difficult in Arabic, owing to the similarity of certain 

A mistake of a year is noticeable both in the length of Josiah's reign, and 
in Jehoahaz' age at his accession. 

f 136 b. Daniel was no doubt of royal descent, but we have no Scriptural 
authority for his being a son of Jehoiakim. 

Hiram and Nebuchadnezzar. See note, f. 132 a. 

f. 138 a. The fifth thousand from the beginning. See note on f. 100 b. 

ff. 138 b, 139 a. The names of the ladies are probably conjectural, and 
the same may be said (f. 140 a, b, f. 141 a, b) of most of the wives of the 
patriarchs. Bathsheba's parentage is decidedly wrong. Naheer should be 
Michaiah II. Chron. xiii. 2, or Maachah I. Kings xv. 2. 

f 141a. Tala*ia daughter of Amon is no doubt Athaliah daughter of 
Omri, II. Kings viii. 26. After her the only accurate names are Jerousa 
daughter of Zadok, II. Kings xv. 33, Ahaz, />. Abi daughter of Zachariah, 
II. Kings xviii. 2, Hephzibah, II. Kings xxL i, and Hamoutal daughter of 
Jeremiah, II. Kings xxiii. 31. 



After completing this work down to the last note, I learned from 
Professor Seybold that there is a copy of the Kitdb al-Magdll in 
the Cambridge University Library, and I therefore append a descrip- 
tion of it It is numbered 915 in Mr E. G. Browne's Hand-List of 
Muhammadan MSS, and its library number is 306. It is a codex of 
134 paper leaves, measuring 30 x 20 centimetres with 20 lines to the 
page, written in a fine bold hand. Ff i — 6 and 132 — 134 have been 
lost, and are replaced by leaves written in a small and apparently 
modem hand, with 29 lines to the page. Mr Browne thinks these 
the work of a European, and he considers the original to be prob- 
ably of the 13th century. 

It begins with the following Introduction : 

j\Mi ajt oy^ i^J^ J--^^ -^< cf-J^« ^^^'^ o^'^b ^^^ 

O^t U^t ^jjfl^ mJU) JuJL> sj^^ift>i\ JuoUJt i^^jdUt ^\z^ 

^-•^ ^jJUl Oljb^^ i^^>3 cr^^ io*^^^^*^' O-*^ l^^LiI^ j-o^ JA« 


c-^ jju^ a^!^ •j.i,^ AAifi>i^ Ae3i ^\^^. u ;5.!^« 03ti •>-« L5^« 
,^jiju. it ^^e:fi> ^^ ixo^ a,.^ UM-^ ^^-^1 CH> L5* Ij-^ 

IJJk^ a^^^ij^t j>U^ "^ 0< ^*-hJ' ^3--i v>i' J^^ ^'-5 V LT^W 

O^ O^ ^^J^'^ J^ L5^ V--«H-5 *«!>^ 0-^3 "twt! O^^ 

"In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy 
Ghost, one God. We begin by the help of God, may He be 
exalted ! the transcription of the holy Book of the gracious Clement, 
disciple of the Apostle Peter Cepha, son of Jona, chief of the 
disciples of our Lord and God and Saviour Jesus the Christ, Son 
of the living and everlasting and eternal God. Amen. This is 
among the hidden secrets which our Lord Jesus the Christ taught 
to Peter when he asked him, and Clement wrote them, the disciple 
of the latter, and to our Lord be the glory. Amen. 

" The copyist of this book said, I was in Egypt and sought this 
book from all the Egyptians, and their Bishops, and at Alexandria, 
and Tanis, and Damietta, and the holy monasteries, and from Abu 
Macarius and from the monasteries, and from Upper Egypt, and 
there was no trace of it in the Egyptian monasteries. But when I 
came to Nicosia, a city of Cyprus, my Lord and God Jesus the Christ 
opened it up to me, and I had never discovered it ; and when I dis- 
covered it now, I found it also containing many enigmatical secrets 
and various meanings ; and when I wished to uncover its wonders, 
I was obliged to examine the whole book that I might find the 
meaning which I seek for; but yet after much labour and examination 


I made a complete list of its meanings from its beginning to its end, 
that it might be easy to take out of it what one needs, and I unveil 
it, and thou wilt find it quickly ; and I was already an Evangelist in 
the religion of the Christ, and overflowing with abundant love, and 
much gratitude that he has kept me in his religion from generation 
to generation. When I discovered this book, my faith was strongly 
increased, and I entreat the Lord Jesus the Christ not to lead me 
into temptation ; and as for this book, the last thing in it is about 
repentance^ which is much to him who writes it, and to him who 
reads in it, and to him who possesses it, and to him who sells it, 
and to him who buys it, and every Christian ought to have a copy 
of it beside him." 

The text is nearly the same as that of the Sinai MS. up to 
the rubric on f. 34 b, 1. 14. Of course there are many variants ; Arab 
copyists seem to glory in their power to express the same idea in 
different words. I give a list only of the variants which are of any 
importance, or which throw light on obscure places in the Sinai MS. 
It will be observed that the proper names are quite as corrupt in the 
one text as in the other. 

Carab. f. 2 b. 

S. f. 89 1), p. I, 11. 8, 9 from ^>tJt ^^ to ^j^\^\] ^^UOt ^^ 

S. f. 90a. p. r, 1. I ^j j^ J^] 0>^« jy^ li 1. 5 ^] ^ i; 

s. f. 90 b. p. r, 1. IS o*w«^ ^uw o^^\ j^u^] ChrfU^ Ua^ 

II o^vat^ ^u« c>t^ 

C. f. 3 a. 

S. f. 91 a. p. r, 1. 21 i^] 0-2--J II 1. 22 ^\ytMJ\] o^yt^^ 

1. 23 io^] O^ 

' Probably a mistake for iW>Ut = blessedness. 


C. f. 3 b. 

S. f. 91 b. p. i, 1. 7 O^jJ^^^] C>WV^ il 1. IS om. i^^^ II 

S. f. 92 a. p. f>, 1. 5 wiW-^Jt >1>k5 ^L-J«^] w*U.jJ«^ ><Wb i^^'^b II 

C. f. 4 a. 

S. f. 93 a. p. ^ 1. 5 t;JLk->^'^W] Ot^i^J^^^ II 
C. f. 4 b. 

s. f. 94 a. p. V, 1. 19 ^y:j\] a^y:ji |! 

S. f. 94 a. p. A, 11. I, 2 om. u<^j*^t g^ itJt II 1. 2 ^y;)t ^iU^ju;^] 

S. f. 94 b. p. A, 1. 5 Sju*^] ij^U^ ;| 11. 9, 10 om. ^.y^Mtfu S^UUt II 

L 13 W^] W j^^ ii 1- 17 ^] W j/V II 

C. f. 5 a. 

S. f. 95 a. p. ^ , 1. 2 l^Li ^] l^j^ ,y II 1. 5 ^j] O^j -f'^ li 1- 6 
V:«^U^] VU^ l^ il 11. 7. 8 ^ v>t^«^« Wi; Ufii] l|^j W 

il c>fi*J^« W 

S. f. 95 b. p. ^ , 1. 12 UJUj] UJLJt || 1. 20 I^JUji^] ^JLa,; || 

C. f. 5 b. 

S. f. 96 a. p. I . , 1. 14 ^y^] J^^ ii 

S. f. 97 a. p. 1 1 , 1. 1 1 l^iy^] 1>^^ j 

C. f. 6 a. 

S. f. 97 b. p. M , 11. 23, 24 it^l JJ^^] •UJt jJ^^ ii 

S. f. 97 b. p. I r, 1. 7 J^3] ^^3 ii 

S. f. 98 a. p. I r« 1. 14 ^^ «>d^^^] ^^ Oti^3 3m t^^ li 11. 14, 15 om. 

^ ^« il 1. 22 ^.LUI^] Jh^^ li 

S. f. 98 b. p. I r, I. 5 t^jj] \^j^ \\ 

C. f. 6 b. 

S. f. 98 b. p. I r, 1. 9 ^y] ij>^3^ i 

S. f. 99 b. p. I i, 1. 12 a ^ .. . 7 11^ C^3-fluJD iyn^^] 0>-fluJ Wv^ 

1. 19 U> vW^^] ^<>^>^ OU.f«3 \^^ II 1. 20 Jjj.^ >ft] ^^U3 

+ 4«i c>^ Ae*>J«^ i.^1 JiP oi>^ W^ II 


S. f. loob. p. I 6, 1. 21 ff. Jpl] J^ ^\^ the verbs are in the third 
person instead of in the first as in the Sinai MS. 

C. f. 7 a. 

S. f. loob. p. n, 1. I kyJ\j] CjyJ\^ SIC ,i 

S. f. loia. p. I 1, L 4 v^jl] ^jM\ where the verbs assume the first 
person || 1. 7 i^vO u^^ W '^^ t^*'^ person being resumed until 
aU^I^ 1. 8 II 11. 11-14 -Oyk*^.. u^j*:)\ ^\] AeJ^ C-^ Ufi> 03^3 il 

S. f. loi b. p. I 1, 1. 21 u^j^\] + It^^ •Juk^ . v^*^^ VJ Kt^ ^5-^^ 


C. f. 7 b. 

S. f. loi b. p. I V, 11. 2-4 om. »1 i^^W 

S. f. 102 a. p. |v, 1. 12 ^t^ ^\ v^-^ O^] '^^ ^^ 5le*. ^ 

1. 15 *<rf'] + *4-» ^=-5^ il 

C. f. 8a. 

S. f. 102 a. p. I V, 1. 21 ^jm^\ ^ \i ^3^3] u^J^ c^-iJ^t ^^3 

S. f. 102 b. p. |v, 11. 23 ff., p. I A, 1. I om. AJj^ ^J^^ Vi^ 

1. 6 a^iddJl \^j^] 3l^mU\ u^^ il U. y-i3j^\j^\ cJki-^] 

J^tt^^h JeMb ^^^ ^ uo:)^^\3 5>V^< ^ s>ij^3^ 
U ,j>«i c>«^>'^« JUil O^ J^ ^^ ^U3« '^^ >e«3 j«^ o-* 

C. f 8 b. 

S. f. 103 a. p. I A, I. 18 J^U >> l%v] Je^^ >>^ »' ^J^ «-^ il 

1. 18 ^>U] ^>U II 

C. f. 9 a. 

S. f. 104a. p. n , I. 21 aJUW] +>> o-» Jtrf^ 'j^ c/^J*^^ 'ojL*.«^ Umt 

' J^ •*!•' CH^ 

^ Cod. 5j^t^ ' Cod. jU^ ' Cod. JZ^ -^ 


C. C 9 b. 

S. f. 104a, b. p. r«> U- 1-3 om. ^U^ ^^3j) II L 6 ^j^^ u-^^j] 

Ol,i>.. O- >^ '^^^ II 1- 7 O^] wW^ II U. 9-" om. 

*iW' wi^5 II 

S. f.io5a. p. r., 1. 16 t>J^^] \^j^3 II 1. 18 J^>I] JeJ^ || 

0«2^>i] J«^>! II 
C. f. 10 b. 

s. f. 106 a. p. r r, 1. 1 o<*«-^] oy^.^ II 

C. f. II a. 

s. f. io6b. p. rr, 1. 13. ^3^] +jt^ o>w ^j^' !>• p>-^ 

A^W* ^y ••^ O* 

C. f. 12 a. 

s. f. 108 a. p. rr, K 17 ^-?-^«] +>k;^Uw ^jjt ^u^t ^u:^'^ 

. J^«A) II 1. 18 sJ\j^^] j^\j^*^ II 
C. f. 14 b. 

S. f. nib. p. rv, 11. 5, 6 jL^-^J .jiiii\] .j^iu v>»»J jfi^ c^*^' O- 

„a^^« ^ i»^ ^>J=^ i*i>" c^*)"^' t^i o>V*i» *>^ i*j 

.oi>^ij ;i 1. 12 cr'^~»Ji] iA>-i^*^t II 

S. f. 112a. p. rv, 1. 19 oVjLi tr-^' 0'>s^' i>*5j *»«' *>e* (>*J 

C. f. 15 a. 

S.f. 113 a. p. TA, 1. iSpWl] ^Ul II 

C. f. 15 b. 

S. f. 113 a. p. TA, 1. 23 to p. r^, 1. 3 ps-JW -O^]^^^ \fi JjljI-U 

11 wJUXt jj IjtfJ^S ^t 

» Cod. wJUt 



S. f. 1 13 a. p. r ^ , 1. 3 ^Ul-'] + \>t^3 

C. f. 17 a. 

s. f. 116a. p. rii 1. 24 to p. rr» 1. 3 om. ^>«^ijor 

C. f. 17 b. 

s. f. 117 b. p. rr. 1. 24 top. rr, 1. s c>t^^ W^kr*] cAjjj^' o^-^W 

JLJ^ . oW^ *>^^ >>< O^ Ai?^ >>« Vil^l aJUI ^JL£» i^JJl 
jLoi Iv^l AfiJLft ^^^ . i^y- >^ L5^b o'*^^»^ 'o^»^< CH> 

C. f. 18 a. 

S. f. 1 18 a. p. rri 1. 15 cH^A/* >B^] cr*^^ 

C. f. 18 b. 

S. f. 118 b. p. ri, 1. 2 o>^y] Oyy II 1. 4 Jyt^] Jy^ L 1. 7 

C. f. 19 a. 

& f. 119b. p. rt>, 1. 1 .^■^-Ji] +>^ 0^3 V^ c/^j*^' u^ ^ 

II ^W jv^ i>^ 0A)-5^ O^ >!;-3* ^•'^ ^ c>-* ^> 
C. f. 19 b. 

s. f. 120a. p. rt, 1. 10 ^•>)i^>-^i] ^HriJ*^ JW' 

S. f. 121a. p. n, 1. 6 o^^J>'] 0^-^ij^ 

C. f. 20 a. 

S. f. 121 a. p. n, 1. 8 0>!jH 0>33j^W 

' Cod. oU|pi " Cod. Chs-s^^ " Cod. CH3J^3 

C. f. 20 b. 

s. f. i2ib. p. ri. 1. 23 ^•>)i^ >yj«] ^jji^ ju3i^ j,ia*j\ II 1. 24 

S. f. 122 a. p. rv, 1. 6 0>!^^*^] Ci>^j^J^ II sJ 3t ^'''^ h ] O^*^^ 11 

s. f. 122 b. p. rv, L 14 ,^yu] i^yw 

C. f. 21 a. 

S. f. 1 23 a. p. TA, 1. I ObjL|j] V^jLyJ 

C. f. 21 b. 

S. f. 123 b. p. Ta, 11. 10-17 om. ^.flin^t Uilj II 1. 21 ^"^l^l] 

r-'^u-' II j>e%J'] j**^%J' II j-'^^l -w-5 II 

S. f. 124 a. p. Ta, 1. 22 j^\>j£»3] j^ll^^j II Je^jui^] cM>t3 II 

1. 23 o^*^] J^^J II 1- 24 j^3] 0^^3 II 1- 25 J U . „^U ] 

^l>lM>fl.u>il^ passim \\ 

C. f. 22 a. 

S. f. 124b. p. n, 1. 14 om. J3!j>! A-«^ II 1. 17 W>iA] W>^ II 

S. f. 125 a. p. n , 11. 20, 21 ^^] ^^ II 1. 22 >eiJU] c>«AJ^ II 11. 22, 23 

^^3r^] !i>^ II 1- 24 JtMi] cWiUi II 

S.f. i2sa, p. i.,1. I j^A.] o^H! II 
C. f. 22 b. 

S. f. 125 b. p. i., 1. 14 0^^3t^^ Oe^M' II Oe^Wj^J'] O^^yt^^ II 
C. f. 23 a. 

S. ff. 126b, 127a. p. i|, 11. 12-19 «ifl...Jt O^^] L^**^-^ M^3 

W^ ^^ U ^ AiUJ |i 

S. f. 127 a, b. p. i h L 22 to p. ir, I 12 a^jJ^ ^aUJl^j] C^V£9»3 

Lr-3^ L5^-5 ^2lU^ *^ »3^ • Jt^b 'J^Wj UE;^« 

: . t^ l^^iuJ) OJLA 'JJU 0>»^ ^ 

' Cod jjJj^ » Cod. 


C. f. 23 b. 

S. f. 128a. p. ir, I. 20 ^L^] ^tt* II L 22 ^] ^ II 1. 23 j^] + . J^wl 

II ^ v>^ ^::^>3 vy^ 5!^•^ W c-3>3 ^ 

C. f. 24 a. 

S. f. 128 b. p. iTi 1. 7 om. **-»^ II 1. 10 o^j^A^ J^y^] **W^ O-li-*^^ II 
1. 1 1 J^t] J^\ II 

C. f. 24 b. 

s. f. 129a. p. ir, 1. 16 W'] '^^^ II 1- 22-p. it, 1. I i^ ^] 

c^i£» i^u . Uut i»y j^ o^ ^;;)t ^j.^t i^ su^t o^^ 

II oWi^ JJt/ ^iUUit 

s. f. 129a, p. it, 1. 1 a^i^] 'a^uus II a^u ^j\^] soi^m^^ \\ 1. 2 

'^J> C^- J^^^^ 5!^t uU'^l c^- ^'^^'^l oUeJU 0^;^ s-^ 
C. f. 25 b. 

S. f. 130 a. p. t^, L 2 l;^>] \jyi^ 

C. f. 26 a. 

S. f. 131 a. p. i c, I. 22 jL^M^] juu^ 

s. f. 131 a. p. n, 1. 1 w*WJ >»u] o^Pb 

C. f. 26 b. 

S. f. 132a. p. n,l. IS ,>$] ,>^ II 

C. f. 27 a. 

There is the same mistake in both MSS. of Jeroboam for Rehoboam. 

S. f. 132 b. p. iv, 1. 10 ^tjljl] ^>}j\ II 

C. f. 28 a. 

S. f. 134 a. p. t A, 1. 9 C>ij^] j^ ijuj 

' Cod. lil^ ' Cod. ^xi 


C. f. 28 b. 

S. f. 134 b. p. iA, 1. 22 A^ \y^Af] J^\j^\ ^ O^ W ^^3^ 
II v>ei»l<JLJJ Ug^ >n^^W>^ >U»*^t ^>1^ ^^iJUi? o W^ ^^ ^k'J^ 

S. f. 135a. p. i^, 1. 9 t^>J«] J^^^ II 
C. f. 29 a. 

S.f. 13s a. p. i^, 1. 13 ^1^1] 4L.y I 1. IS Cw] i«-J II 

S. f. 135b. p. 6., I. 3 c>t^^ oW OV' ^^] *<^ «iJ|5 »>»» O^i 

II ou 

C. f. 29 b. 

S. f. 135b. p. c*, 1. 4 0>*^«i] ••***rf II I- 7 ^j^'] VJ^' II 
S. f. 136a. p. c, 1. 9 J^«>t^] W^>j II 

C. f. 30 b. 

s. f. 137a. p. c 1, 1. 14 o-tA ^ |> 1. 17 ,^ M u^ u^j^ ^ II 
1. 18 UjW] .>^ II 

C. f. 31 a, 

S. f. 137 b. p. cr, 1. 5 j^^^] j^^^ II 

s. f. 138a, p. or, 11. 9-10 *M J*^]>»^^ • ^^ u ,J< W^i^Vi 

II . V a,.^! a.u ^ o^ ^^) V^ o^ ^>^ 

C f. 31 a, b. 

S. f. 138 a. p. cr, 11. 13, 14 •:• IJW'^I ^3] >»«^ J^^;J JS! j^ 

. ^jj v^l ^.^t^^ ijj^ oJ! v^< J^ ^> J^< 0-«^ >>vt3« 

AM^ V^« J^ L^b O^ A^^ . ^^ W>2p V^< J'iU j^^l 

* Cod. 5jj 


C. f. 32 a. 

S. f. 139 a. p. er, 1. 14 i>«3l] >>3j >>«» i>e^> II c>«3»] >3t»' 

C. f. 32 b. 

S. f. 139 a- P- er, 1. IS i>*-J^] '>=-• II •• 16 jUU] o^^ II L 17 

• ^ii O^ ^'X i>e^W j.5«--^l] O^ *i^ ■ i>e^W tr'--*''^ 
j^^»i^-^^^ W-i li 1. 19 J«V«»] jjUell II 

C. f. 33 a. 

S. f. 140a. p. fii, 1. 12 U}*^] Uj,^ II jU.] J^. ^^1 II 1. 13 

^j&>] ^^ II 1. 14 >l* V-.--3] >U o-^ II 1. 15 O'Uj^] 
OU.^ II 1. 16 ^W>] ^l^J* II 1- 17 V^lj] Oj^lj II jlM] 
jjUei II 1. 18 ^\3yi] ol3*! II 1-19 c^>*liU] yft^iWW II 1- 20 
,iljA-] ^^') II 

C f. 33 b. 

S. f. 140a. p. cii, L 22 IjL^j] \j>tij II ^U] ^L. II 1. 23 ^\jlS] 

C\ii II 
S. f. 140 b. p. 6 6, 1. I Ja*] ^jjW C^ c^^le V Jl«i »lj-l II 1- 3 

C. f. 34 a. 

s. f. 140 b. p. 6 6, 1. 14 o^9<] ov>< 

S. f. 141a. p. 661 1. 16 Ij^] t\ya jJ) II Jt] ^1 II 1. 19 lenJtf] 
\iXi II 1. 20 ^yt\] u->*W + tJ*Ji <^ c«>^>o -.jip ^>eWj 
^>*» UjJ^I^ II Ul&] U.I& II 1. 21 >W^] >U>! II 1. 22 ^U] 

^l» II jt^^ 0«*)» II 1- «3 0>*A] 0>UV I! 1. 24 Wj»] JWjl 
U,>* cu, vjl3] OXjW »i»irf •i'jW 


S. f. 141 a. p. Cl} 1. I J^'^] 

S. f. 141 b. p. c1, 1. 5 J^j\] J^^\ 

C. f. 34 b. 

S. f. 141 b. p. Cl. 1. 6 ^jU] ^^^^ II 1. 7^j3j]^3J II L5*«] L5^« 

1. 8 s-A^ .z^ j^] .^j^ c^ ch^ II 11- 8. 9 J^^] J^>eli 

The contents of the remaining too folios 35 a to 134 b are not a 
necessary continuation of the genealogy, but partake more decidedly 
of the nature of an Apocalypse. To give an adequate description 
of this would take an undue amount of space in the present volume ; 
I therefore reserve it for translation at a future period. 

M. D. G. 





In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy f. 89 b 
Ghost, one God, the merciful Lord. 

This book is one of the hidden books of Saint Clement the 
Apostle, disciple of Simon Cepha, which Saint Clement com- 
manded to be kept secret from the laity. Some of them were 
called " The Book of the Rolls/* and there are the glorious gene- 
alogies and mysteries which our God and Saviour Jesus the 
Christ committed to his disciples Simon and James, and what 
things will happen at the end of time, and how the second 
coming of our Lord the Christ from heaven to the world will 
happen, and what will become of sinners and such like. This 
is the sixth of Clement's books, treasured up in the city of 
Rome since the time of the Apostles. 

Saint Clement said, When our God Jesus the Christ went 
up to heaven, and the disciples were scattered in the regions of 
the world to evangelize, and to call mankind to the faith and to 
immersion by baptism, they took disciples, whom they chose and 
selected to be with them, and to travel about to the countries 
in the faith of the Christ. Wherefore Simon Cepha took me for 
a disciple to himself; I believed in him, and in Him that sent 
him, with a true faith ; I recognized that he was chief of the 
Apostles, to whom were given the keys of heaven and earth, 
on whom was built the Catholic Apostolic Church of God, which 

G. A 


f. 90 a the gates of Hell shall not destroy, as our God Jesus the Christ 
said in the holy Gospel. After a long time he took also my 
brothers Constans* and Constantinus* to be his disciples. 
Twenty years after he had taken me as his disciple, he brought 
me together with my father and my mother, who was called 
Metrodora, and committed to me all the mysteries which had 
been given him by our Lord Jesus the Christ on the Mount 
of Olives'. At that time the rest of the Apostles and all the 
believers had a struggle with the unbelieving Jews because the 
Jews were killing every one of the believers whose murder was 
possible to them. I and my gracious Teacher Simon encom- 
passed some of the countries, and we met with great trouble 
from the controversy of the Jews, and their questioning about 
the genealogy of the pure Mary, for their saying about her 
was that she was not of the children of Judah that they might 
invalidate by this the coming of our Lord the Christ into the 
world, and His Incarnation from her. They were increasing 
[their] bribe of money and other things to the Greeks and 
the Romans that they might help them in the destruction of 
the believers and the bringing to nought of their business, 
and hinder the Apostles from the reading of the Law, lest 
they should teach out of it about the state of mankind, and 
how it was in the beginning. When I saw in what misery we 
were with the Jews, I sought from my gracious Teacher that 
he would make known to me how mankind were at the be- 
ginning, and that he would make me perfect about the reasons, 
for he had learned everything from the Lord Jesus the Christ, 
and I was acquainted with the tongue of the Greeks and their 

f. 90 b books, and was learned in their mysteries, and I had deposited 
their secrets which had been entrusted to me, [in] my two books 
called the seventh and the eighth. I informed my Teacher what 
I conjectured about the envy towards the Lady Mary, and my 
anxiety at the reproach of the Jews to me that I did not 
understand the Torah, and their much questioning of me 
about the creation of our father Adam, and what I had heard 
with my ears of their insult to the Lady Mary and their 

^ See note, p. xv. ' Lit. oil. 


fiction about her without any resource being possible for me 
[how] I should refute them in regard to their hateful saying. 
The Teacher was moved by my excitement, and zeal entered 
him when I told him about it. He said, " I will put it in order 
for thee, O my son, as thou hast asked me about it, and will 
initiate thee in things since the beginning of the creation, and 
will teach thee the genealogy of the Mother of Mercy, Mary the 
pure, and its authenticity, and that without doubt she is of the 
lineage of Judah the son of Jacob and his tribe, and I will relate 
to thee mysteries, and what reason there was for the fall of the 
Devil, the prince, from heaven. Know, O my son, that the Lord 
is the beginning and before the beginning. He who is Infinite, 
raised above the height, equal with the Highest, there is nothing 
lower about Him, nothing inward, nothing outward, He is before 
the beginning, the ancient substance, He who is boundless, 
whom no intelligence can reach, and no discernment nor quality 
can comprehend. He was above Being, and with Being, and 
below Being, the creative Substance, the glorious Light, which 
darkness reacheth not. Light dwelling in the Light which eyes 
cannot reach, before creation He was ; and He is the Former of 
forms, whose glory is from Himself and in Himself, and in His 
Essence. [He is] the Creator of what glorifies Him, that thou f 9' a 
mayest learn His divinity and His power. He made the heaven 
and the earth. He created before harmony the division of things. 
Angels worship Him, ten homogeneous choirs, I mean by 
this ten ranks. The highest rank, some of whom are nearest to 
the throne of the Lord God, pouring out praises in abundance, is 
the rank of Satanaeel, who was the prince, and praises rose up 
to God from all the Angels ; that was the beginning in the first 
day which was the holy first day (Sunday), chief of days ; early 
in it God created the upper heaven and the worlds, and the 
highest rank of Angels, which is the rank of Satanaeel, and the 
Archangels, and powers, and chiefs, and thrones, and dignities 
and governors, and cherubim and seraphim, and light, and day 
and night, and wind and water, and air, and fire and what is 
like these elements. Verily the Lord formed all this, may His 
names be sanctified ! by the completion of His eternal Word 

4 kitAb AL-MAGALL. 

without speech, and in the first day in which these things were 
created, the Holy Spirit hovered over the waters, and in its 
hovering over them they were blessed and sanctified, and heat 
was formed in them by which the watery beings are born, and 
with this were mixed yeasts of the creatures, such as the bird 
which lays^ the egg by its wings, and from this is formed the 
living bird, for by reason of the nature of the heat of flaming 
fire, it verily reneweth heat in the wings of the bird, and lo ! 

f. 91 b with them it lays an egg in which chickens are formed. Verily 
the reason why the holy Paraclete hovered over the waters 
in the form of a bird, was that every winged fowl should 
be formed in this shape. On the second day God created the 
lower heaven, which is called the firmament, on which the gaze 
of men falls, that thou mayest know that the beings of the 
highest heavens which the heaven of the visible firmament 
covers are like the nature of the heaven of the firmament, 
except that the heaven which the eyes reach is separated from 
the highest heavens. All the heavens are three heavens. The 
visible firmament, and what is above it ; it is called Al-rraTov 
and above it there is flaming fire ; and a heaven which is 
above the fire ; and the two heavens are filled with light and 
fire which created eyes cannot look at On the second day 
which is the second of the days (Monday) the Lord, to Whom 
be praise! separated between the higher water and the lower 
water. Verily the rising up of the water which was formed in the 
height that day was like gathered clouds clinging together, and 
the waters remained resting in the air, none of them inclining to 
any one district. On the third day (Tuesday) God commanded 
the waters which were below the firmament that they should be 
gathered together to one place, that the dry land might be seen. 
When this happened, the veil was removed which was above the 
earth and the earth was disclosed. He looked upon it, and it 
was barren of verdure, [it was] dust and water mixed together. 

f. 92 a The water was in it and below it and above it, and it was 
shaken to the blowing of the winds through it. The air went 
up from the bosom of the earth, and rested in the bosom of its 

Bezold ^ rfi fc J = hatches. 


crevices and passages that in these caves might arise heat and 
cold for the service and consolidation of the earth, because the 
earth was created like a sponge standing above the water. On 
this day God commanded the earth to bring forth grass and 
reeds and trees and seeds and roots and other things. On the 
fourth day (Wednesday) God formed the sun and the moon 
and the stars that the heat of the sun might be spread over 
the earth and it should be strengthened by its mellowness and 
that the moisture communicated to it by the water high above 
it should be dried up. On the fifth day God commanded the 
waters to bring forth animals of various colours and forms, 
some of which should fly in the bosom of the water, and others 
should fly above the water, and from them should spring the 
whales and Leviathan, and Behemoth, so terrible in their 
appearance, and air-fowl and water-fowl. On the sixth day 
God created from the earth all the beasts, and animals and 
insects and creeping reptiles^ This day is Friday, and on 
it God created Adam of dust, and formed Eve from his 
rib. On the seventh day God had completed all creation, 
and He called it Sabbath. God had created Adam in the 
third hour of Friday the sixth day. Iblis had laid claim 
to Godhead which had entered him in the second hour f. 92 b 
of that day, and God had hurled him down from heaven 
to earth. Before God the Lord created Adam, rest fell upon 
all the powers ; and God said, * Come, let us create a Man in our 
likeness and form and image.' When the Angels heard this 
saying from the Lord they became frightened and much terrified, 
and they said to one another, * What is this great wonder which 
we hear, and how is it possible that the form of our God and 
Creator can appear to us ? ' Then all the Angels looked to- 
wards the right hand of the Lord, which was stretched out 
above all creation, and all of it was in His right hand. Then 
they looked towards the right hand of the Lord, and it took 
from all the earth a little handful of dust, and from all the 
waters a drop of water, and from the air a soul and a spirit, and 
from fire the force of heat, and it became in the grasp of the 

* See note, p. xv. 

6 kitAb al-magall. 

Lord portions of the four elements, heat and cold, moisture 
and drought. Verily God, the glorious and strong, created 
Adam from these four weak elements, which have no power, 
that all creatures created from them might hear and obey him: 
dust, that man might obey him ; water, that all that is born 
of it and in it might obey him ; air, that it might be possible 
for him to breathe it and to feel its breezes, and that its 
birds might obey him ; and fire, that the heat of forces created 
from it should be a powerful helper to his sense. The reason 

f.93a why God, may His holy names be sanctified! created Adam 
with His holy hand in His form and image was that he 
should receive wisdom and speech and animal motion, and 
for the knowledge concerning things. When the glorious and 
illustrious Angels saw one like Him in Adam, they were 
affrighted. The wondrous glory upon his face terrified them, 
his form appeared shining with divine light greater than the 
light of the sun, and his body was bright and brilliant like the 
well-known stars in the crystal. When the figure of Adam 
drew itself up, he leapt standing ; he was in the centre of the 
earth, he stretched out his right hand and his left hand and 
put his feet in order upon Golgotha, which is the place where 
was put the wood (cross) of our Saviour Jesus the Christ. He 
was dressed with a royal robe, he wore upon his head a diadem 
of glory and praise and honour and dignity, he was crowned 
with a royal crown, and there he was made king and priest 
and prophet. God set him upon a throne of honour, and 
gathered to what was there all the animals and beasts and 
birds and all that God had created, and made them stand before^ 
Adam. They bent their heads and did obeisance to him, and 
he called each of them by its name. He made all the creatures 
obey him and they responded to his command. The Angels 
and the Powers heard the voice of God, may He be glorified 
and exalted I saying to Adam, * O Adam, I have made thee 

f-93b king and priest and prophet and ruler and chief and governor 
over all creatures that are made. All creation shall obey thee 

* between the hands of, passim. 


and follow thy voice. Under thy grasp they shall be. To thee 
alone I have given this power ; I have placed thee in possession 
of all that I have created.' When the Angels heard this saying 
from the Lord they redoubled honour and respect to Adam. 
When the Devil saw the gift that was given to Adam from 
the Lord, he envied him from that day and the schis- 
matic from God set his mind in cunning towards him to 
seduce him by his boldness and his curse; and when he denied 
the grace of the Lord towards him, he became shameless and 
warlike. God, may His names be sanctified ! deprived the 
Devil of the robe of praise and dignity and called his name 
Devil, he is a rebel against God, and Satan, because he opposes 
himself to the ways of the Lord, and Iblis, because He took his 
dignity from him. While Adam was listening to the speech of 
his Lord to him, and standing upon the place of Golgotha, all 
the creatures being gathered together that they might hear the 
conversation of God with him, lo ! a cloud of light carried him 
and went with him to Paradise and the choirs of Angels sang 
before him, the cherubim among them blessing and the sera- 
phim crying * Holy ! ' until Adam came into Paradise. He 
entered it at the third hour on Friday, and the Lord, to Him be 
praise I gave him the commandment, and warned him against 
disobedience to it. Then the Lord, to Him be praise ! threw 
upon Adam a form of sleep, and he slept a sweet sleep in 
Paradise. And God took a rib from his left side, and from f. 94 a 
it He created Eve. When he awoke and saw Eve he rejoiced 
over her and lived with her, and she was in the pleasant garden 
of Paradise. God clothed them with glory and splendour. They 
outvied one another in the glory with which they were clothed, 
and the Lord crowned them for marriage, the Angels congratu- 
lated them, and there was joy there such as never has been the 
like and never will be till the day in which the people at the 
right hand shall hear the glorious voice from the Lord. Adam 
and Eve remained in Paradise for three hours. The site of 
Paradise was high up in the air, its ground was heavenly, raised 
above all mountains and hills, that were thirty spans high, that 
is fifteen cubits, according to the cubit of the Holy Ghost This 

8 kitAb al-magAll. 

Paradise stretches round from the east by a wall from the hollow 
to the southern place of darkness where the cursed Prince was 
thrown, it is the place of sorrows. Eden is a fountain of God 
lying eastwards, to a height of eight degrees of the rising of the 
sun, and this is the mercy of God on which the children of men 
put their trust, that they shall have a Saviour from thence, 
because God, may He be exalted and glorified ! knew in His fore- 
knowledge what the Devil would do to Adam. Adam lived in 
the treasury of His mercy, as David the prophet said, 'Thou 
hast been a fortress to us, O Lord, throughout all ages ; cause 
us to live in Thy mercy.' The blessed David said also in his 
prayer about the salvation of men, * Remember, Lord * (the tree 
was the Cross which was planted in the middle of the earth), 

f. 94 b * Thy grace which thou hast wrought from all eternity'; I mean 
by this the mercy which God loved to extend to all men and to 
our weak race. Eden is the Church of God, and the Paradise in 
which is the altar of rest, and the length of life which God has 
prepared for all the saints. Because Adam was king, priest 
and prophet, God caused him to enter Paradise that he might 
minister in Eden, the Church of God the holy Lord, as Moses 
the holy Prophet testifies about this, saying, * That thou shouldest 
minister and declare by noble and glorious service, and keep 
the commandment by which Adam and Eve were brought into 
the Church of God.' Then God planted the tree of life in the 
middle of Paradise and it was the form of the cross which was 
stretched upon it, and it was the tree of life and salvation. 
Satan remained in his envy to Adam and Eve for the favour 
which the Lord shewed them, and he contrived to enter into 
the serpent, which was the most beautiful of the animals, and its 
nature was above the nature of the camel. He carried it till he 
went with it in the air to the lower parts of Paradise. The 
reason for Iblis the cursed hiding himself in the serpent was his 
ugliness, for when he was deprived of his honour he got into the 
acme of ugliness, till none of the creatures could have borne the 
sight of him uncovered, and if Eve had seen him unveiled in 
the serpent, when she spoke to him, she would have run away 

f. 95 a from him, and neither cunning nor deceit would have availed 


him with her ; but he contrived to hide himself in the serpent, 
the cunning creature, to teach the birds with round tongues 
the speech of men in Greek and such like. He would bring 
a broad mirror with much light sending out rays ; he would put 
it between himself and a bird, and speak what he wished that 
the bird should know, and when the bird heard this speech, 
it would glance around and look in the mirror, and see the form 
of a bird like itself and rejoice at it, and not doubting that it was 
a bird of its species that was speaking to it would listen to 
it and attend to its language. And it would comprehend it in a 
moment and talk to it. But the cursed Devil, when he entered 
the serpent, came towards Eve, when she was alone in Paradise 
away from Adam, and called her by her name. She turned to 
him, and looked at her likeness behind a veil, and he talked to 
her, and she talked to him, and he led her astray by his speech, 
for woman's nature is weak, and she trusts in every word, and 
he lectured her about the forbidden tree in obedience to her 
desire, and described to her the goodness of its taste, and that 
when she should eat of it she should become a god ; and she 
longed for what the cursed one made her long for, and she would 
not hear from the Lord, may His names be sanctified ! what He 
had commanded Adam about the tree. She hastened eagerly 
towards it, and seized some of its fruit in her mouth. Then she 
called Adam, and he hastened to her, and she gave him of the 
fruit, telling him that if he ate of it he would become a god. 
He listened to her advice because he should become a god as f. 95 b 
she said. When he and she ate the deadly fruit they were 
bereft of their glory, and their splendour was taken from them, 
and they were stripped of the light with which they had been 
clothed. When they looked at themselves, they were naked of 
the grace which they had worn, and their shame was manifest 
to them ; they made to themselves aprons of fig-leaves, and 
covered themselves therewith, and they were in great sadness 
for three hours. They did not manage to continue in the grace and 
the power with which the Lord had endued them before their 
rebellion for three hours, till it was taken from them and they 
were made to slip and fall down at the time of sunset on that 

G. B 

lO kitAb AL-MAGALL. 

day, and they received the sentence of God in punishment. 
After the clothing of fig-leaves they put on clothing of skins, 
and that is the skin of which our bodies are made, being of the 
family of man, and it is a clothing of pain. The entrance of 
Adam into Paradise was at the third hour. He and Eve passed 
through great power in three hours, they were naked for three 
hours, and in the ninth hour they went out from Paradise, 
unwillingly, with much grief, great weeping, mourning and 
sighing. They slept towards the East of it near the altar. 
When they awoke from their sleep, God spoke to Adam and 
comforted him, saying to him, blessed be His names ! * O 
Adam ! do not grieve, for I will restore thee to thine inheritance, 
out of which thy rebellion has brought thee. Know that 
because of my love to thee I have cursed the earth, and 
I will not have pity upon it, on account of thy sin. I have 
cursed also the serpent by whom thou hast been led astray, 
f. 96 a and I have made its feet go within its belly. I have made 
dust its food. I have not cursed thee. I have decreed against 
Eve that she shall be at thy service. Know certainly that 
when thou hast accomplished the time that I have decreed 
for thee to dwell outside, in the accursed land, for thy trans- 
gression of my commandment, I will send my dear Son ; He 
will come down to the earth. He will be clothed with a body 
from a Virgin of thy race, named Mary. I will purify her and 
choose her, and bring her into power generation after generation 
until the time that the Son comes down from Heaven. In that 
time shall be the beginning of thy salvation and restoration to 
thine inheritance. Command thy sons when thy death ap- 
proaches which I have decreed for thee that when thou diest 
they keep thy body in myrrh and cassia, and put it in the cave 
where thou art dwelling to-day till the time of the exit of thy 
children from the bosom of paradise and their passage to the 
dusty land. When that time comes, instruct the one of thy 
children who lives until then to carry thy body with him and put 
it in the place where I shall make him halt. This place where 
he shall put thy body is the centre of the earth ; from it and in 
it salvation shall come to thee and to all thy children.' God 


disclosed to him all the griefs and pains that should happen to 
him, and commanded him to have patience about this. When f. 96 b 
He put Adam and Eve out of Paradise, He shut its gate, and 
put in charge a fiery Angel. He caused Adam and Eve to dwell 
in the holy mountain on which is the foundation of Paradise, in 
the place known as Matarim6n. They lived there in a cave 
at the top of the hill, hidden in it, and despairing of mercy, 
and they were then pure vii^ins. Then Adam thought of the 
wedding of Eve, and he found in the foundation of Paradise gold 
and myrrh and incense. He left this together, and consecrated 
it in the interior of the cave, which he had already made his 
house of prayer. The gold which he got from the foundation 
of Paradise was like in quantity to seventy-two images. He 
paid this with the myrrh and the incense to Eve, saying, 
* This is thy dowry, keep it. This must be all offered together 
to the Son of God at the time of His coming into the world. 
The gold is the symbol of His royalty ; the incense is to 
burn before Him ; and the myrrh is to anoint His body 
which He will take from us. This shall be a witness between 
me and thee with our Saviour that He shall come to the 
world.* Adam called this cave the Cave of Treasures. When 
a hundred years had passed over him after his exit from 
Paradise, and he and Eve were grieved and weeping, they f- 97 a 
went down from the holy hill to its foot, and there Adam knew 
Eve, and she conceived, and her time was fulfilled, and she 
bare Cain, and Lusia his twin-sister. He knew her again, 
and she conceived, and her time was fulfilled, and she bare 
Abel and also his twin-sister Aclima. The boys and the 
girls grew, and attained to discretion. Adam said to Eve, * If 
God lets these lads and lasses grow up, let Cain marry Aclima 
the sister of Abel, and let Abel marry Lusia the sister of Cain.' 
And they did thus. But Cain said to Eve, *0 Mother, I 
have a greater right to my sister who was born with me. Let her 
be given to me as a wife, and let Abel's sister who was born with 
him be given to him as a wife.' For Lusia was more beautiful 
than Aclima, being like her mother Eve. Adam heard of his 
speech, and it made him angry and annoyed him. He said to 


Cain his son, ' Thy request, O my son, is unlawful, for it is not 
allowed to thee to marry thy sister who was born with thee.' 
From that time Cain envied his brother Abel and thought of 
killing him. Then Adam said to him and to Abel, 'Choose 
some of the fruits of the earth and of the young of the flock and 
go up this holy hill, and go into the Cave of Treasures, and pray 

f. 97 b there before the Lord. Offer to Him what you have brought, fruit, 
and any young animals as an offering. When you have done 
this, let each of you take his wife.' And they did so. While 
they were going up the hill, behold ! the Devil entered into Cain, 
and incited him to the murder of Abel. Then they brought their 
offerings before the Lord ; the Lord accepted the offering of 
Abel and rejected the offering of Cain, because God, may He 
be praised and exalted ! knew the purpose of Cain, and how 
he was preparing the murder of his brother. When Cain saw 
that the Lord, may His name be praised ! had accepted the 
offering of Abel instead of his offering, his envy of Abel 
increased and his wrath against him. When they came down 
from the hill, Cain attacked Abel and slew him with a sharp 
stone. God cursed Cain, and his decree came down against him. 
He did not cease to be in fear and terror all the days of his life. 
God led him with his wife from the holy hill, outside to the 
cursed land, and they lived there. Adam and Eve grieved 
much about Abel for a hundred years. Then Adam came near 
to Eve, and she conceived, and her time was fulfilled, and she 
bare Seth, the handsome man, the complete and perfect giant 
In his perfection he was like his father Adam, and God 
protected him when he grew up, making him the father of 
the other giants of the earth. The first who was born to 
Seth was Enos. And Enos begat Cainan, and Cainan begat 
Mahlaleel ; these were born during the life of Adam. Adam 

f. 98 a lived nine hundred and thirty years, to the time that Mahlaleel 
was a hundred and thirty-five years old. When the time of his 
death came, he summoned Seth, and Enos, and Cainan and 
Mahlaleel ; he prayed over them and blessed them, and com- 
manded to his son Seth this Testament. 


The Testament of Adam, 

Hear, O my son Seth ! what I command thee. Keep it, and 
thou shalt understand it. Command it at thy death to thy son 
Enos, that Enos may command this to Cainan, and Cainan may 
command [it] to Mahlaleel, that he may act according to this 
testament, and that the rest of your generations may learn, 
generation after generation, and tribe after tribe. This is the 
first thing that I command thee. When I die, embalm my body 
with myrrh and cassia, and put it in the Cave of Treasures of 
the holy hill, that thou mayest tell whosoever of thy posterity is 
alive at the time when your exit shall take place from this holy 
Paradise-encircled hill, to carry my body with him, and go with 
it to the centre of the earth, and put it there, and in that place 
salvation shall come to me and to all my children. Thou, O 
my son Seth, shalt after my death be governor of thy people in 
the fear of God. Remove thyself and all thy children, and keep 
them apart from the children of the murderer Cain. Understand, f. 98 b 
O my son, the state of the hours of the night and of the day, 
and their names, and what praises God in them, wherewith you 
must call on God at their approach, and at what hour prayer and 
supplication is due. My Creator has taught me this, and made 
me understand the names of all the beasts of the earth, and 
birds of the air ; and the Lord has initiated me into the number 
of the hours of the night and of the day, and the affairs of the 
Angels and their powers and how they are. Know* that in the 
first hour of the day is the raising of the praise of my children 
to God. In the second hour there are the prayers of the Angels 
and their cry. In the third hour the birds give praise. In the 
fourth hour is the worship of spiritual beings. In the fifth hour is 
the worship of the other living creatures. In the sixth hour is the 
entreaty of the cherubim and their supplication. In the seventh 
hour is the entrance to God and the exit from His presence, 
for in it the prayers of every living thing rise to the Lord. In 

* Perhaps \\j\ should be omitted. 

14 kitAb al-magAll. 

the eighth hour is the worship of all heavenly beings and fiery 
creatures. In the ninth hour is the service of the Angels of 
God who stand before Him, and the throne of His majesty. 
The tenth hour is for the water, and in it the Holy Ghost hovers 
and goes up over the other waters and chases the devils from 

f. 99 a them. Were it not for the Holy Spirit hovering every day 
over the waters and descending in that hour, when any one 
drank water, would there not be destruction to him from the 
corrupting devils in it? If any one took the water in that 
hour, and one of the priests of God mixed it with holy oil and 
anointed with it the sick and those in whom were unclean 
spirits, they were cured of their diseases. In the eleventh hour 
there is joy and rejoicing to the righteous. In the twelfth hour 
the supplication and cry of men is accepted before God. 

The hours of the night. In the first hour there is the 
worship of the devils. In this hour, the hour of their worship, 
they do not hurt any one, and no one fears them until the time 
of their return from their worship. In the second hour there is 
the worship of the great fishes and all that is upon the water, and 
the creeping things that are therein. In the third hour is the 
worship of the fire which is below the abyss, about this hour it 
is not possible for any one to speak. In the fourth hour is the 
consecration of the seraphim. I heard that in this hour during 
the time of my stay in Paradise, before my rebellion against 
the commandment. When I transgressed the command, I could 

f. 99h no longer hear the voices nor their movement and agitation 
as I used to hear them, and I could not see anything holy 
as I used to see it before [my] sin. In the fifth hour there is 
the worship of the water which is above the heaven. Verily 
I and the Angels used in that hour to hear voices from the 
water which is in the height, and a tumult as if of chariots 
and great wheels and the sounding amongst the waves, and 
commotion among the echoes in praise to the Lord. In the 
sixth hour is the supplication of the clouds to God when they 
are fearful and trembling. In the seventh hour the powers of the 
earth are led forth, and they sing praise, whilst the waters sleep 
and are stilled. If a man takes anything from the water in 


that hour and the priest mixes holy oil with it and anoints with 
it the sick and those who cannot sleep at night, verily the sick 
are cured and the wakeful sleep. In the eighth hour the grass 
comes forth from the earth. In the ninth hour is the service of 
the Angels and the entrance of prayers before God. In the 
tenth hour the gates of heaven are opened, and the cry of 
my believing children is heard, and they receive what they have 
asked from God, may He be exalted and praised! and the 
seraphim rub their wings, and by the force of their rubbing the 
cock crows in praise to the Lord. In the eleventh hour there is f. looa 
joy and delight over all the earth, for the Sun enters the Paradise 
of God, and its light arises in the regions of the earth. All 
creatures are illumined by the falling of the sun's rays upon 
them. In the twelfth hour my children must burn jasmine 
before the Lord, for by it there is much repose in heaven for 
all its inhabitants. Know, O my son Seth, and attend to my 
saying. Be sure that God will come down to the earth as He 
said to me, and made me understand and know when He 
comforted me at my exit from Paradise. Praise to His names ! 
He spoke to me, saying [that] at the end of time He will be 
incarnate of a Virgin girl named Mary and will be veiled in me. 
He will put on my skin, and will be born like the birth of man 
by a force and direction that none can understand but Himself 
and those to whom He reveals it; He will run with the children, 
boys and girls of that period ; He will do wonders and signs 
openly ; He will walk on the waves of the sea as if walking on 
the dry land ; He will rebuke the winds in a manifest way, and 
they will be led by His command. He will call to the waves 
of the sea, and they will answer Him obediently. At His 
command the blind shall see, the lepers shall be cleansed, the 
deaf shall hear, the dumb shall speak, the deformed shall be 
straightened, the lame shall spring up, the palsied shall rise f- 'ooh 
and walk. Many rebels shall be led to God, those who have 
wandered shall be led aright, and devils shall be driven away. 
When the Lord comforted me with this. He said to me, *0 Adam, 
grieve not, for thou art a god, as thou thoughtest to become 
by thy transgression of my commandment, and I will make 

1 6 KITAB al-magall. 

thee a god, not at this time, but after the lapse of years.' The 
Lord said to me also, * I have verily brought thee out of the 
land of Paradise, to the land which brings forth thorns and 
briers, that thou mayest inhabit it ; I will bend thy loins, and 
make thy knees tremble from age and senility. O thou dust! 
to death I will deliver thee, and thy body I will make to be food 
for maggots, and the fodder of the worm. After five days and a 
half ^ (of my days) I will have pity on thee in my mercy. I will 
come down to thee, and in thy house will I dwell and with thy 
body will I be clothed. For thy sake, O Adam, I will become a 
child ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will appear in the market-places ; 
for thy sake, O Adam, I will fast for forty days ; for thy sake, O 
Adam, I will receive baptism ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will be 
lifted up on the cross ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will endure lies ; 
for thy sake, O Adam, I will be beaten with the whip ; for thy 
sake, O Adam, I will taste vinegar ; for thy sake, O Adam, ray 
hands will be nailed ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will be pierced 
f. loi a with a spear ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will thunder in the 
height ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will darken the sun ; for thy 
sake, O Adam, I will cleave the rocks ; for thy sake, O Adam, 
I will frighten the powers of heaven ; for thy sake, O Adam, I 
will cause heaven to rain on the desert ; for thy sake, O Adam, 
I will open the graves ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will cause all 
creation to tremble ; for thy sake, O Adam, I will make a 
new earth, and after three days, which I have spent in the grave, 
I will raise up the body which I took from thee, and will make 
it go up with me without any separation from me, and cause it 
to sit at the right hand of my Godhead. I will make thee a 
god as thou hast desired.' Keep, O my son Seth, the command- 
ments of God, and do not despise my word to thyself, and learn 
that the Lord must come down to earth, and godless people will 
take Him, and stretch Him on the wood of the cross, and strip 
Him of His raiment, and raise Him between wicked thieves. 
He will go up upon the cross in the substance of His humanity. 
He will be killed, and the body which He took from us will be 
buried. Then after three days He will raise it and take it up 

^ Sec note, p. xv. 


with Him to heaven, and will set it with Him at the right hand 
of His divinity. To Him be the glory and the dignity and the 
praise and the greatness and the worship and the reverence and 
the hallelujah and the song, and to His Son, and to the Holy Ghost 
from now and always, and throughout all ages and times, Amen. 

Know, O my son, that there must come a Flood to wash all f- loi b 
the earth on account of the children of Cain, the wicked man 
who slew thy brother for his envy about his sister Lusia. After 
the Flood through the wickedness of many congregations there 
shall be the end of the world, the conditions will be fulfilled, 
things will be perfected, the time will be cut short which I have 
fixed for the creatures, fire will consume whatever it reaches 
before' the Lord, and the earth shall be consecrated. 

Seth wrote this Testament, and sealed it with the seal of his 
father Adam, which he had from Paradise, and the seal of 
Eve, and his own seal. And Adam died, and the hosts of 
the Angels assembled to put him on his bier, for his honour 
with God, and Seth embalmed him, and swathed him, and he 
and his sons bare rule. And he put him eastwards of Paradise 
where he slept at his exit from it, near the town that was 
built before all building, called Enoch in the inhabited world. 
When Adam died, the sun was darkened, and the moon for 
seven days and seven nights, with a gross darkness. 

Seth took the scroll in which he wrote the Testament of his 
father Adam into the Cave of Treasures along with the offerings 
which Adam had carried with him from the land of Paradise, 
that is to say, gold, myrrh, and incense, [about] which Adam 
taught Seth and his children that they should belong to three 
Magian kings, and that they should travel with these things to 
the Saviour of the world, to be born in a city called Bethlehem, 
a territory of Judah. 

There was not one of the children born to Adam before his f. 102 a 
death who did not gather to him ; they bade him adieu, he 
prayed over them and wished them health. Then he died, 
in the nine hundred and thirtieth year by the reckoning of 
Abu-Seth. That is the beginning. The exit of our father 

* Between the hands of, passim. 
G. C 

1 8 KITAB al-magall. 

Adam from this world was at three o'clock in the day, on 
Friday the sixth of Nisan, fourteen nights after the new moon. 
On a similar day our Lord the Christ gave up His spirit to His 
Father's hand. Adam's children and children's children grieved 
for him a hundred and forty days, for he was the first mortal 
who died on the earth, and the tribes were divided among 
the people of Cain the murderer after the death of Adam. Seth 
took his children and his children's children and their wives, 
and made them go up to the glorious and holy hill, the place in 
which Adam was buried. Cain and his people and his children 
stayed below the hill, in the place where he killed Abel. Seth 
became governor of the people of his time in godliness and 
purity and holiness. My initiation, O my son Clement, into the 

f. io2b story of Adam and this his testament was from the Magi who 
travelled to the Lady Saint Mary with offerings at the time of 
the birth of Jesus Christ our God the Saviour. Verily we found 
that they had a scroll with all this in it, and it was put by for 
safe keeping. I and the other Jews believed in this, and there 
were many things in it besides what I have shewn to thee, which 
it is not proper to make known at this time, and I must tell 
thee about them afterwards. I will disclose to thee all the secrets 
with which I have been entrusted. The reason of God's calling 
the children of Seth Ben- Adam, ** the sons of God," was as the 
book says what He had revealed to Seth about godliness and 
purity. The Lord appropriated them to Himself by this name ; 
it is the most famous of names on account of their favour with 
Him. He appointed them to replace the choir of Angels which 
had rebelled and fallen from Heaven. He put Seth and his 
race in the lower parts of Paradise, and around it on the holy 
hill, they praising the Lord and sanctifying His name in all 
peace, no thought intruding on them about the affairs of the 
world, their greatest work being praise and hallelujah with the 
Angels, for they heard their voices in praise and hallelujah in 
Paradise, for it was raised thirteen spans above them, by the 

f. 103 a span of the Holy Ghost. They did not undergo the least 
labour. The food with which they sustained their bodies 
was the fruit of trees growing at the summits of the Mount 


of Paradise. The zephyr of Paradise, which reached these 
trees, ripened their fruits. This tribe was godly and holy ; 
there was no anger in any one of them nor envy nor quar- 
relling nor pride nor hatred, and they held no shameless con- 
versations nor falsehood nor slander nor calumny, and they 
do not swear untruthfully nor in vain. Their oaths were among 
themselves by the purity of the blood of pure Abel. Their 
custom was to rise early, all of them, the old and the young, the 
male and the female ; to go up to the top of the hill and to 
worship there before God and be blessed by the body of their 
father Adam. Then they would lift up their eyes to Paradise 
and praising and sanctifying God they would return to their 

Seth Ben-Adam the godly lived nine hundred and twelve 
years. Then he fell sick of his disease of which he died. 
There gathered to him Enos and Cainan and Mahlaleel and 
Jared and Enoch, their wives, their sons and their daughters. He f. 103 b 
prayed over them, and made vows for them, and blessed them, 
and said to them, " By the truth of the blood of pure Abel, let 
not one of you descend from this holy hill ! Do not mix with 
the children of Cain the murderer. You know the enmity 
between us since the murder of Abel the pure." Then his son 
Enos came near him, and he said to him, " Thou art lord of thy 
people. Behold, I die. Devote thyself to service before the 
Lord and before the consecrated body of our father Adam." 
He made him swear by the blood of Abel the pure that he 
would govern his people well, and rule them in godliness and 
purity, and never cease the service before the body of Adam. 
Seth died *at the age of* nine hundred and twelve years, on 
Tuesday the twenty-fourth night of Ab, the twentieth year 
of the life of Enoch the righteous. He was embalmed with 
myrrh and frankincense and cassia, and put in the Cave of 
Treasures with the body of his father Adam. His people 
mourned for him forty days. 

Enos governed his tribe after the death of his father 
in purity and godliness; he did to them what his father 

* Being the son of, passim. 


commanded. When Enos had lived eight hundred and twenty 
f. 104 a years, Lamech the Bh"nd, of the tribe of Cain the murderer, 
killed [some one] in the thicket known as Nod^ This was the 
cause of it. Lamech was passing the thicket, leaning upon one 
of his youthful sons. He heard a movement in the thicket, it 
was the movement of Cain, for it was not possible for him to 
stay in one place since he had killed his brother. Lamech 
thought that this movement was that of some wild beasts. He 
took up a stone from the ground and threw it towards the 
moving thing. The stone hit Cain between the eyes and killed 
him. His son said, " By God, thou hast killed our father Cain 
with thy shot." Then Lamech the Blind lifted up his hands to 
give [him] a blow on the ear out of grief for the death of Cain. 
He hit the head of his son and killed him. When Enos had 
reached nine hundred and five years he fell sick of his disease of 
which he died, and there gathered to him the rest of the fathers ; 
amongst them were Jared, and Enoch, and Methuselah, and 
Cainan the son of Methuselah, and Mahlaleel, and their wives 
and their sons and their daughters. He blessed them and made 
vows for them and prayed over them and confirmed them in 
the oaths by the blood of Abel — "oh do not mix yourselves with 
the children of Cain, and oh do not go down from the holy 
mountain." He reminded them of the enmity betwixt them on 
f. 104 b account of the murder of Abel. Then Cainan his son came near 
him. He said to him, " O my son, be to thy people and family 
as I have been to them, and govern them after my death." He 
commanded his son Mahlaleel about the care of his tribe in god- 
liness and purity, and that he should not cease from the service 
before the body of our father Adam during his life. And Enos 
died when he had reached nine hundred and five years, on the 
sabbath day, when the third night of October had passed, in the 
fifty-third year of the life of Methuselah. His eldest son Cainan 
embalmed him, and swathed him, and put him in the Cave of 

Cainan governed his people in godliness and holiness, and 
kept the commandments of his father. He lived for nine 

^ 0*5^) probably for >yi' 

m * 


hundred and twenty years and died on Wednesday, the • 
thirteenth night of June. Mahlaleel looked after his burial, 
and put him in the Cave of Treasures with his fathers. Mah- 
laleel lived for eight hundred and ninety-five years. When 
death came near to him, he commanded his people like the 
commands of his fathers who had preceded him. He appointed 
Jared his son over the tribe. His death was on Sunday after 
two nights of Nisan had passed. Jared looked after him, and f. 105 a 
put him in the cave with his fathers. When Jared was of the 
age of five hundred years, some of the sons of Seth disobeyed 
the commands of their fathers, and threw away their faith 
behind their backs. One by one they began to go down from 
the holy hill to the tribes of the children of Cain. This was the 
reason, that Lamech the Blind was followed by two sons, one 
being called Tufeel (Jubal) and the other Tubalcain. They 
made lyres, that is, harps, flutes, drums, and other musical 
instruments. The Devils awoke harmonious tones in them, and 
there was not one among the sons of Cain to command good 
behaviour or to restrain from what was forbidden. Every one 
of them did according to his lust. They busied themselves 
with musical instruments, and with eating and drinking, and 
immorality. ♦♦♦♦♦♦ The Devil hunted the sons of Seth that 
he might mingle them with the children of Cain, by means of 
these musical instruments, for they heard the tones of them ; he 
brought them down from the holy hill to the cursed land, and he 
removed them from the protection of God and His angels to 
the protection of the Devils ; they chose death rather than life, f 105 b 
and renounced the name which God had bestowed on them, 
because, may His name be sanctified ! He called them the sons 
of the Lord, according to His gracious saying in the prophecy of 
David, where he says, "Verily, ye are all gods, and ye shall 
be called the sons of the Most High. When ye do evil and 
defile your bodies with the idolatrous daughters of Cain, like 
them ye shall die in sin." They longed for unclean amuse- 
ments. ♦ ♦ ♦ They had no shame about this and thought no 
harm of it. The earth was contaminated ; children were con- 
fused ; no one knew his child from the child of another. The 


Devil incited them and he goaded them on and appropriated 
them to every misery. They rejoiced in their works. You 
could hear from them hateful laughter like the neighing of 
steeds. Their noise was heard in the holy mountain, and there 
assembled of the children of Seth a hundred powerful strong 
giants, for the descent. This came to [the knowledge of] Jared, 
and he was much troubled. He called them to his presence, 
and adjured them by the blood of Abel the Pure not to go 
down ; he reminded them of the oaths which their fathers who 
had gone before had received for them. Enoch the Righteous 

f. io6 a was there and said to them, " Know, O sons of Seth, that 
whosoever rejects the commandment of the Father and opposes 
the oaths by which he has been adjured and puts them behind his 
back, and goes down from this holy mount, that he shall never 
come back to it." But they did not turn at the warning of 
Jared and at the prohibitions of Enoch, and they went down. 
When they saw the daughters of Cain and their beauty, and 
that they uncovered their bodies without shame, they committed 
fornication with them, and destroyed their souls. When they 
had done this, they aimed at a return to the hill, but its stones 
became burning fire, and they could not do it. Another tribe 
wished for an alliance with them, not knowing about the affair 
of the stones. They went down to them, and defiled themselves 
with their defilement. 

When Jared reached the age of nine hundred and seventy-two 
years, Death came near to him. There gathered to him Enoch 
and Methuselah, and Lamech, and Noah. He prayed over them 
and made vows for them and said, " But as for you, go not down 
from this holy mountain ; yet your sons and your posterity shall 
be removed from it, because God will not allow them upon it on ac- 
count of their transgression of the commandments of the fathers." 
Then he said to the rest of their children, "You shall journey to 
the dusty land which brings forth thorns and briers. Whosoever 
of you goes out from this holy land, let him take with him the 
body of our father Adam, and if he can take all the bodies of 

f. io6b the fathers, let him do it, and take with him the books of the 
Testaments, and the gifts of gold and myrrh and frankincense. 


and put this with the body of our father Adam where God shall 
command him." Then said he to Enoch, " But thou, O my son, 
do not separate thyself from the service and praise before the 
body of our father Adam and serve before God in godliness 
and holiness all the days of thy life." He died in the third hour 
of Friday when the twelfth night of May had passed, in the 360th 
year of the life of Methuselah. His son embalmed him and 
swathed him, and put him in the Cave of Treasures. God rejected 
the other children of Seth on account of their love of sin. Seventy 
assembled, and were inclined to descend. When Enoch and 
Methuselah and Lamech and Noah saw this, they were much 
grieved. When Enoch had finished his service before the Lord 
for fifty years, this being the 365th year of his life, he presided 
over his house with his God. He called for Methuselah and 
Lamech and Noah, and said, " I know that the Lord will be 
angry with this people, and will surely judge them without 
mercy. But you, the rest of the fathers and of the holy races, 
do not leave off the service before the Lord, and be pure 
and godly. Know that there shall not be born in this holy 
mountain after you any man who shall be father and chief to f- 'o7a 
his people." When Enoch had finished this testament, God 
took him up to the land of life, and made him dwell round 
about Paradise in the country where there is no death. Then 
the children of Seth removed from the holy mountain to the 
quarters of Cain and his children. None of them remained on 
the mountain save the three fathers, Methuselah, Lamech and 
Noah. Noah the just kept his virgin soul for 500 years. After 
that, the merciful God revealed to him about the people who 
were subject to him, and commanded him to marry a woman 
named Haikal the daughter of Namousa, the son of Enoch, 
the brother of Methuselah. God disclosed to him about the 
Deluge which He was about to send upon the earth, and 
taught him that this would be after a hundred years, and 
commanded him to prepare the ark, that is, the ship for his 
salvation and that of his children, and that he should cut 
the wood from the holy mountain and make it in the quarters 
of the sons of Cain. He commanded him to make its length 


300 cubits, according to [the length of] his arm ; its breadth 
50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits, by [the length of] his 
arm ; and the breadth of its top above should be one cubit, 
and that he should make three stories to it. The lowest should 
be for the tame and the wild animals and the cattle, the middle 
one for the birds and their like, and the highest one for him and 

f. 108 a his children and his wife and his sons' wives. And that he 
should make in it storehouses for water and for food and for 
fodder. Also that he should prepare a gong of the cedar tree, 
its length to be three cubits, and its breadth one cubit, and 
that its hammer should be [made] of the same. " When thou 
beginnest to make the ship, thou shalt beat three strokes on it 
every day, one in the morning, the second in the middle of 
the day, that they may bring the workmen food ; and the 
third at sunset for [their] departure. If they ask thee about 
thy work, tell them that God is sending a flood of water to 
cleanse the earth and that thou art making the ship to save 
thyself and thy children." Noah received the commandment 
of the Lord, and married her. In the course of the hundred 
years she bare him three male children, Shem, Ham and Japhet. 
They also married some of the daughters of Methuselah. When 
Noah had finished the building of the ship, and entered it with 
those whom God commanded should enter it with him, the 
second thousand of the years of the time of Adam was finished, 
as the 70 interpreters expound. They said, From Adam till 
the Deluge was 2000 years. 

When Lamech had lived JJJ years, Methuselah his father 
died ; this was four years before the Flood. Then Lamech 

f. 108 b died after him, and his death was on the twenty-first [day] of 
September, in the 68th year of the life of Shem, the first-born 
of Noah. His son Noah swathed him, and embalmed him, and 
put him in the Cave of Treasures. He mourned for him 40 days 
and remained with all the holy fathers, Noah and his children. 
The daughters of Cain conceived by the sons of Seth, and 
brought forth giant-sons. It was certainly supposed by some 
that the Book relates and says that the Angels came down 
to earth and mingled with the children of men, that those 


who came down and mingled with the children of men were 
really angels. This was only said on account of the sons of 
Seth and their union with the daughters of Cain, for God, may 
His name be glorified ! had already out of His love to them, 
called them, as we said before, Sons of God and Angels of God. 
So he errs who thinks this ; for union, that is, marriage, was not 
in the substance of spiritual beings, and not in their nature, and 
if it had been in them as it is in men, the Devils would not 
have left any one in the world alone without corrupting them, 
till not a virgin would have been left on the earth, for the 
foul Devils love corruption and fornication. As they cannot 
do this, they change their nature on account of it ; they 
recommend it to men and make them love it. 

Methuselah lived for 969 years. When Death came to him, f. 109 a 
there gathered to him Lamech, and Noah, and Shem, and Ham, 
and Japhet and their wives, for none but they were left on 
the holy hill. Methuselah blessed them, and called to them ; 
he was weeping and sorrowful. He said to them, "There 
remaineth none but you on this mountain out of all the tribes 
who once were on it. The Lord God of our fathers who formed 
our father Adam and our mother Eve and blessed them till 
the earth was filled with their progeny, may He bless you and 
multiply you and cause your fruit to grow. May He be to you 
a keeper and a shepherd. I ask of Him to fill the earth with 
your progeny, and to help you and strengthen you and save you 
from the fearful punishment that is coming upon this hill, and 
that He may give you a share of the gift which He gave to our 
father Adam, that He may bring blessings into your dwellings, 
and bestow upon you prophecy, power, and priesthood." Then 
he said to Noah, " O thou blessed of the Lord, hear my speech 
and do my commandment. Know that I go out of this world f. 109b 
as the saintly fathers went out of it. Verily the Lord shall send 
a Deluge to drown the earth for the many sins of men, but thou 
and thy children shall be saved. When I am dead, embalm my 
body like as were embalmed the bodies of the fathers who have 
gone before. Bury me in the Cave of Treasures. Take thy wife, 
and thy sons, and thy sons' wives ; go down from this mountain, 

G. D 


and bear with thee the body of our father Adam, and the offer- 
ings which thou didst bring out with him from Paradise, namely, 
gold and myrrh and frankincense. Put the body of our father 
Adam within the Ark which God commanded me to prepare; and 
the other bodies separately from it, so that the body of Adam 
may be like a dyke ever in the midst. Put the offerings on his 
breast. Dwell thou and thy sons in the east of the ark, thy 
wife and thy sons* wives in the west, so that the body of our 
father Adam may be a barrier to hinder the men from sinning 
with regard to the women, and to hinder them from sinning 
with regard to the men ; let them not gather together for food 

f. I lo a or drink till ye come out of the Ark. When the water of the 
Deluge departs from the earth, and ye come out of the Ark, and 
dwell upon the earth, then gather ye together for food and 
drink, and cease not the service before the body of our father 
Adam nor the ministration before God in godliness and holiness 
within the Ark. When your exit from it takes place, then put 
the offerings which thou didst bring out from Paradise in the 
east of the land in which thou dwellest. When Death comes to 
thee, make thy Testament to thy son Shem. Command him to 
carry the body of our father Adam, and to bury it in the middle 
of the earth. Verily (it is) the place in which there shall be 
salvation to him and to his children. Where he burieth the 
body, let him appoint a man from among his children to serve 
before the body and to minister. Let him be pure all the days 
of his life, and let him command him that he dwell not in any 
house, that he shed no blood, that he shave not his hair, nor 
pare his nails, nor bring there any offering of beasts, but let his 
offering before the Lord be of fine bread, pure and white, and 

f. nob the best drink, pressed from the fruit of the vine, until the time 
that God shall certainly command him. Verily the Angel of 
the Lord shall go before the man chosen to officiate as a priest 
before the body of Adam till he shall put it in the middle of 
the earth, and where the body ought to be buried. Let this 
chosen one be commanded that his raiment be of the skins of 
beasts, and that he be unique as it is unique. Verily he is 
the priest of the glorious God.'* When Methuselah had finished 


this testament, and tears were coming down from his eyes, on 
account of the grief that was in his heart, he died. Then nine 
hundred and sixty-nine years were completed, it was in Adar 
(March) on a Sunday. Noah and Shem and Japhet and 
their wives laid him out with weeping and groaning. They 
held a mourning for him for 40 days ; he was swathed and 
embalmed and laid with the fathers in the Cave of Treasures. 
They were blessed by the other bodies that were there. Then 
Noah bore the body of Adam and the bodies of the fathers from 
the Cave, and put them into holy coffins. Of the offerings Shem 
carried the gold, Ham carried the myrrh, and Japhet carried the 
frankincense. They left the Cave of Treasures with weeping 
and groaning. A noise was raised by them which was heard f. ma 
from Paradise, sorrow and mourning on account of [their] 
departure from the mountain, when they knew that they 
were leaving it for good. They lifted up their heads towards 
Paradise, they sobbed, and wept, and said : " Peace be to thee, 
O holy Paradise ! dwelling-place of our father Adam ; we are 
deprived of thy shelter, which is denied to us then, on our return 
to the cursed land in which we suffer pains and endure labours. 
Peace be to thee, O Cave of Treasures ! from us and from 
all the bodies of the fathers. Peace be to thee, O glorious 
dwelling-place and inheritance of the saintly fathers for ever. 
Peace be to you, O ye Fathers, beloved friends of God. Pray 
for us and bless us, and entreat for our salvation, O holy 
ones of God, who are well-pleasing unto Him. Peace be to 
Seth, chief of the fathers. Peace be to Enos, governor of 
his people, and righteous judge amongst them. Peace be to 
Cainan and Mahlaleel, those who govern their people in purity. 
Peace be to Methuselah and Jared and Lamech and Enoch, 
servants of God. We entreat you all to mediate for our salva- f. in b 
tion lest we be prevented looking for our inheritance from this 
time forth for evermore." Then they came down from the 
mountain, kissing its stones and embracing its trees with 
weeping and great grief, and they travelled towards the land. 
When Noah had finished building the ship, he entered it, and 


brought in the body of Adam and put it in the middle 
of it, with the offerings upon its breast. This was on 
a Friday, on the 17th day of March, it is also said, of 
May. Early the next day he brought in the beasts and 
the cattle, and made them dwell in the lowest deck. In 
the middle of the day he brought in the birds and all the 
sentient beings, and made them dwell in the middle deck. 
At sunset Noah and his sons and his sons' wives entered, and 
dwelt in the topmost deck. The Ark was built in the form 
of a Church, in which the men are prevented from mingling 
with the women ; as there is peace and love betwixt man 
and woman, and between the elders amongst them and the 
youths, thus there was love betwixt the rest of the beasts 
and the birds and the sentient beings in the ship ; and as wise 

f. 112 a men are at peace with their inferiors, thus were the lions and 
the ewes at peace in the Ark. All that were in it were seven 
pairs of all the clean beasts, and two pairs of the unclean ones. 
When Noah and his people had arrived, the Lord shut the Ark. 
Then the doors of heaven were opened, and the doors of the 
abyss, and the waters came down in torrents, and the imprisoned 
sea appeared, which is called Oceanus, which encircles the whole 
earth. Raging winds were sent out from all directions. When 
the sons of Seth saw this, they came near to the place of the Ark, 
and entreated Noah to carry them ; but he gave them no answer 
about it, because the Ark was bolted and sealed by command of 
the Lord, and the Angel of the Lord was standing directing it. 
Repentance encompassed them, sorrow came upon them, and 
they had no refuge from destruction, as they were also hindered 
from going up to the holy mountain. They were all destroyed 
by drowning and suffocation, in the thick waters and the raging 
winds, as David the Prophet sang about their state where he 
said, " I said. All ye are gods, and children of the Most High 

f. 112b ye shall be called; by this great sign ye are marked; but 
sin hath overthrown you, and ye have rebelled against the corti- 
mandment; ye have defiled your bodies with the idolatrous 
daughters of Cain, and ye shall die the death like them. Ye 


shall be tormented with the Prince who fell from the heavenly 
rank." The Ark was lifted up from the earth to the height 
of the waters, and all that was on the earth perished in the 
deluge ; the waters rose above the tops of the mountains fifteen 
cubits, by the holy cubit. The waves bore the ship till they 
brought it to the lower parts of Paradise. It was blessed from 
Paradise ; the tops of the waves were rolled back, and they did 
obeisance before it, then returning from it were poured out to 
the destruction of those who remained on the earth. The ship 
flew on the wings of the wind above the waters from the east to 
the west, and from the south to the sea, like the sign of the 
Cross. It stood above the waters 150 days; the waves were 
stilled and laid to rest at the end of the seventh month from the 
beginning of the Deluge. The Ark stood upon the mountains, 
the Kurdish mountains, and the waters were divided from one f. 113 a 
another. They all returned to their places, and did not cease 
diminishing gradually, till the tenth month, which was February. 
He looked at the tops of the mountains from the Ark. On the 
tenth of March Noah opened the Ark from the eastern side, and 
sent the Raven, that at its return he might learn the news of the 
earth. It did not return to him. He sent the Dove ; it circled 
round, and found no place for its foot. It returned at sunset. 
After a week Noah sent another Dove. It returned to him with 
an olive-branch in its mouth. About the Dove there are holy 
mysteries. The first dove resembles the first covenant, to which 
there was no rest among the rejected nations ; the second 
dove the second covenant, which found rest with the nations 
that accepted the mysteries of baptism and preached the Christ 
at the end of 600 years of the life of righteous Noah. One day 
of Nisan (April) had passed, and the water was removed from 
the earth. On this day Noah and his wife and his sons and his f. 113 b 
sons' wives went out of the ship. Their entrance to the ship 
had been in separation, their exit from it was in unity. At 
their exit came out all the beasts and the cattle and the birds 
and the creeping things which were in the ship. Noah built a 
town, and called it Tham&nii, which remains to this day. The 
number of those who were in the ship with Noah was eight 


persons. Noah built an altar to the Lord and offered upon 
it an offering of the beasts and the clean birds that were slain. 
God accepted his offering, and gave a covenant that He would 
not send a deluge of water on the earth to all eternity. May 
His names be sanctified ! He took off wrath from them in 
regard to the bow in the clouds. By it He put away the bow- 
string of anger, for before the Deluge men saw in heaven the 
bowstring of anger and the arrow of wrath. The sons of Noah 
planted in the town the fruit of the vine, and pressed from it a 
new drink ; they gave their father Noah to drink, and he got 
drunk, for he was not accustomed to drink. While he was 
drunk he slept, and his nakedness was uncovered. Ham looked 

f. 114 a at him, and laughed and mocked at him, and fetched his 
brothers to mock with him. When Shem and Japhet knew the 
reason was about the uncovering of their father, they were 
grieved at it ; they took a garment, threw it upon their hands, 
and went backwards, lest they should see their father uncovered ; 
then they threw the garment upon him. When Noah awoke 
from his drunken sleep, his wife told him what had happened 
about his sons, and he was angry with Ham, and said, **Let him 
and Canaan be cursed, and let him be a slave to his brethren." 
But Noah cursed Canaan, who was not guilty, and the guilt was 
Ham's ; for he knew that when Canaan should arrive at man's 
estate, he should renew what had already been blotted out 
of the works of the children of Cain, the music-halls and such 
like. When he came to man's estate, he did all this, and Noah 
knqw it, was concerned about him and grieved at his work, that 
according to the example of the works of Canaan, the sons 
of Seth fell into sin, he increased in his curse of Canaan, 
wherefore his sons became slaves. They are the Copts, the 
Abyssinians, the Hindoos, the Mysians and other negroes. 
Ham was a hypocrite, a lover of unclean desire all the days of 

f. 114 b his life. This was in his mockery of his father. The sleep of 
Noah in his drunkenness was a type of the crucifixion of the 
Christ and His slumber in the tomb for three days, as David the 
prophet says about it, "The Lord awoke from his sleep like 
a man who recovers from strong drink." When Noah awoke 


from his drunken sleep, he cursed Canaan and made his 
posterity slaves. Likewise when the Christ arose from the 
grave He cursed the Devil and destroyed those who had 
crucified Him, and scattered them among the nations. The 
sons of Canaan became slaves for ever, carrying burdens upon 
their necks. Every proprietor negotiates riding about on his 
business, but the children of Canaan negotiate about the affairs 
of their masters, as poor men on foot, and they are called the 
slaves of slaves. 

Noah lived after going out of the ship 350 years. When his 
death came near, there gathered to him Shem, and Ham, and 
Japhet, and Arphaxad, and Salah. He made vows for them, and 
desired the presence of Shem his firstborn, and commanded him 
secretly, saying to him, ** When I die, bury me. Go into the 
Ark of safety, and take out of it the body of our father Adam f. 115 a 
secretly, let no one with thee know. Make for it a large chest, 
and put it within. Prepare for thyself a store of bread and drink, 
and carry the chest in which is the body of our father. Take 
with thee Melchizedek, the son of Malih. Verily the Lord hath 
chosen him from the rest of your sons to minister before our 
father Adam. When thou reachest the centre of the earth, bury 
the body there, and set Melchizedek in the place for the service 
of the body and the praise before it. Verily the Angel of the 
Lord will go before you to guide you two to the place for the 
body, which is the centre of the earth. From it shall be seen 
the power of God. The four pillars of the world are joined 
together and have become one pillar, and from it shall be 
salvation to Adam and to all his children." Thus it was written 
in the tables which Moses received from the hand of the Lord 
and broke at the time of his anger against his people. Noah 
strengthened Shem in receiving the testament, and told him 
that it was the Testament of Adam to Seth, and of Seth to 
Enos, and of Enos to Cainan, and of Cainan to Mahlaleel, and 
of Mahlaleel to Jared, and of Jared to Enoch, of Enoch to 
Methuselah, and of Methuselah to Lamech, and of Lamech to f. 115 b 
Noah ; he made him swear that no one [else] should attend to 

32 KITAB al-magAll. 

what he commanded in regard to the body of Adam. When he 
had finished his testament, he died, being 950 years old, 
on a Wednesday. Shem embalmed him, and with him his 
other children put him on a bier and buried him. They 
raised a wail over him for forty days. Then Shem went secretly 
into the ship, and took out the body of Adam. He sealed the 
ship with his father's seal. Then he desired the presence of 
Ham and Japhet and said to them, " Know that Noah my 
father commanded me to journey after his death to the elevated 
land and to go round it to the place of the sea, that I may attend 
to the state of its trees, and fruits and rivers. I have already 
resolved on this, and have left my wife and children with you ; 
take heed to them till the time of my return." They said to 
him, "Take with thee a man since thou hast resolved on this, for 
the land which thou hast described has wild beasts and hunting 
lions." He said to them, " Verily, the Angel of God is with me, 
he is my Saviour." His brethren called to him and said, " The 
f. 1 16 a Lord be with thee wherever thou dwellest.*' Then he said to 
them, " Verily, our father at his death made me swear not to 
enter the ship nor allow any one [else] to enter it. I have 
received his testament, and sealed it with his seal, and beware 
that ye enter it not! ye, nor any of your children." They 
pledged themselves to him concerning this. Then he approached 
the father and mother of Melchizedek and said to them, " I wish 
that you would give me Melchizedek that I may journey with 
him in my way." They said to him, "He is before thee, as thou 
wouldest journey, take him with thee.*' Then Shem called Melchi- 
zedek by night, and bore with him the body of Adam secretly. 
They went out, the Angel going before them, till he brought 
them to the place with the utmost speed. He said to them, 
" Set him down, for this is the centre of the earth." And they 
put him down from their hands. When he came to the ground, 
the earth was cleft for him as a door, and the body was let down 
into it, and they put him in it. When the body rested in its 
place, the earth returned and covered it over. The place was 
called Gutngumah^ " of a skull," because in it was placed the 


skull of the Father of mankind, and Gulgulah^ because it was 
conspicuous in the earth, and was despised by its sons, for in f. ii6b 
it was the head of the hateful Dragon which seduced Adam. 
It was called also Ot&ri^, which is, being interpreted, "the 
families of the world," because to it is the gathering together of 
mankind. Shem said to Melchizedek son of Malih, "Know 
that thou art the priest of the Everlasting God, who hath chosen 
thee from the rest of men to minister before Him before the 
body of our father Adam. Accept the Lord's choice of thee, 
and never leave this place. Do not marry any woman, do not 
shave thy hair, nor pare thy nails. Shed no blood for thyself, and 
sacrifice no beast. Do not build a building over this place. 
Let thine offerings before the Lord be of fine pure bread, and 
[let the] drink be of the juice of the vine. The Angel of the 
Lord is with thee for ever." He wished him peace, and bade him 
farewell and embraced him, and returned to his dwelling. Then 
came to him Jozadak and Malih, the parents of Melchizedek. 
They asked him about him, and he told them that he had died 
on the road, and that he had looked after him and buried him. 
His father and his people sorrowed over him with a great 
sorrow. When Shem the righteous was 700 years old, he died, f. 117 a 
and his son Arphaxad looked after him, and Salah and Eber, 
and they buried him. When Arphaxad was thirty years old, 
he begat Salah his son, and when he was 465 years old, he died, 
and Salah and Eber looked after him. They buried him in the 
town that Arphaxad had built, known as Arphaxad (cod. 
Arbalsarbat). When Salah was thirty years old, he begat Eber, 
and when he had completed 430 years, he died. Eber and 
Peleg looked after him ; he was buried in the town that Salah 
had built, known as Salhadib. When Eber was thirty years 
old, he begat Peleg, and when he had completed 434 years, he 
died ; his son Peleg buried him, and Reu and Serug in the town 
which Eber had built and had called by his name. When Peleg 
attained 239 years, all the tribes of the sons of Shem, and Ham 
and Japhet gathered themselves together and journeyed to the 
elevated land ; they found in the place known as Shinar a 
beautiful plain. They dwelt in it, and their speech was altogether 

G. E 

34 kitAb al-magAll. 

f. 117 b Syriac, and it is called Resany^ and Chaldaean ; it is the tongue 
and speech of Adam. Verily the Syriac language is the Queen 
of languages and the most comprehensive; from it all other 
tongues are derived ; Adam is a Syriac name. Whoever asserts 
that it is Hebrew tells a falsehood. Speakers of Syriac will 
not stand on the left of the Lord but on His right, for the 
writing of Syriac runs from right to left, and of others the way 
of the Persian from left to right. In the days of Peleg the 
nations built the tower at Babel, upon which their tongues were 
diversified and confounded and divided ; because of their con- 
fusion the town was called Babel. Peleg was very much grieved 
about this when he saw the scattering of the nations in the 
regions of the earth. He died, and his son Reu, and Serug and 
Nahor buried him in the town which he had built and had 
called by his name. The earth became two portions among 
two chiefs of tribes ; they allowed to every tribe and tongue 
a king and a chief; they appointed in the race of Japhet 

f. 1 18 a thirty-seven kings, and in the race of Ham sixteen kings. The 
kingdom of the sons of Japhet was from the border ol the holy 
mountain and Mount Nod {>y* ?), which is in the borders of the 
East, to the Tigris and the side of Algauf, and from Bactria to 
the island town (or Gades = Cadix). The kingdom of the sons 
of Shem was from the land of Persia, that is from the borders 
of the East to the Hardasalgs sea among the borders of the 
West. They had authority also in the centre of the earth. 
When Reu was thirty-two years old, Serug was born to him ; 
the length of his life being 232 years. At the end of 163 years 
of the life of Reu, Nimrod the giant reigned over the whole 
earth. The beginning of his kingdom was from Babel. It was 
he who saw in the sky a piece of black cloth and a crown ; he 
called Sasan the weaver to his presence, and commanded him to 
make him a crown like it ; and he set jewels in it and wore it 
He was the first king who wore a crown. For this reason 

f. ii8b people who knew nothing about it, said that a crown came down 
to him from heaven. The length of his reign was sixty-nine 
years. He died in the days of Reu, and the third thousand 

^ Perhaps from Resen, Gen. x. 13. 


since Adam was completed. In his days the people of Egypt 
set up a king over them called Firnifs. He reigned over them 
for sixty-eight years. In his days also a king reigned over the 
town of Saba and annexed to his kingdom the cities of 
Ophir and Havilah, his name was Pharaoh. He built Ophir 
with stones of gold, for the stones of its mountains are pure 
gold. After him there reigned over Havilah a king called 
Hayul. He built it and cemented it, and after the death of 
Pharaoh women reigned over Saba until the time of Solomon 
son of David. When he (Reu) was 239 years old, he died. 
Serug his son and Nahor buried him in the town called 
Oa*n^n, which Reu had built for himself. When Serug was 
thirty years old, his son Nahor was born to him. In the days 
of Serug idols were worshipped, and they were adored instead 
of God, and the people in that day were scattered in the earth; f. 119a 
there was not among them a teacher nor a lawgiver, nor a guide 
to the way of truth, nor even a right way. They wandered and 
were rebellious and became a sect. Some of them worshipped 
the Sun and the Moon, some of them worshipped the sky, some 
of them worshipped images, some of them worshipped the stars, 
some of them worshipped the earth, some of them worshipped 
beasts, some of them worshipped trees, and some of them 
worshipped waters and winds and such like, for the Devil 
blinded their hearts and left them in darkness without light. 
No one among them believed in the Last Day and the Resur- 
rection. When one of them died, his people made an image 
in his likeness, and put it upon his tomb, lest his memory 
should be cut off. The earth was filled with sins, and idols 
were multiplied in it, made in the likenesses of males and 

When Serug was 230 years old he died. His son Nahor, f. 119b 
and Terah and Abraham buried him in the town which Serug 
had built and called it Serug. Terah was born to Nahor when 
he was twenty- nine years old. In the third year of the life of 
Nahor, God looked up through His remembrance at His 
creatures, and they were worshipping idols. He sent upon 
them earthquakes which destroyed all the idols. Their 


worshippers did not turn from their error, but persevered in 
their godlessness. In the twenty-sixth year of the rule of 
Terah appeared witchcraft. The beginning of it was that 
a rich man died ; his son made a golden image of him and 
placed it upon his tomb as a mark [to] the people of 
his age, and appointed a young man to guard it. The 
Devil entered into the image, and spoke to its guardian 
from the tongue of the deceased and [with] his voice. The 
guardian told the son of the deceased about it. After some 
days robbers entered the dwelling of the deceased, and took 
all that belonged to his son, and his grief was greater at this, 
and they bewailed him beside the grave of his father. The 

f. i2oa Devil called to him from the image with a voice like the voice 
of his father, and said, " O my son, weep not. Bring me thy 
little son, to sacrifice him to me, and I will restore to thee all 
that has been taken from thee." He brought his son to the 
tomb and sacrificed him to the Devil. When he had done this, 
the Devil entered him and taught him witchcraft, unveiled his 
mysteries, and taught him omens and auguries^ Since that 
time people offer their children to Devils. At the completion 
of a hundred years of the life of Nahor, God, may His name be 
exalted ! looked on the godlessness of men, and their sacrificing 
of their children to the Devils, and their adoration of images. 
God, may His names be sanctified, sent them raging winds which 
tore away the images and their worshippers, and buried them in 
the earth and strewed over them great mounds and towering 
hills, and they are below these unto this day. Some assert on this 
account that in the time of Terah there was a Deluge of wind. 
Wise men of India say that these mounds came into existence in 

f. i2ob the days of the Deluge. That is nonsense, for image- worship was 
after the Deluge of water, and the Deluge was not sent upon 
them for the worship of images ; verily that was done because 
there was so much corruption on the earth among the children 
of Cain, and the musical instruments which they invented. 
There was no people inhabiting this rough wild land, but when 

^ Professor Seybold suggests that this may have been originally, as also on 
page 38, line 6, JUj!^ jMf.ji\, 


our fathers were not found worthy of the neighbourhood of 
Paradise they were thrust away to it. Then they came out of 
the ship to this land, and were scattered amongst its regions. He 
talks nonsense who asserts that these elevated mounds have 
never ceased in the earth, for they have been formed since the 
time of the anger of God about idol-worship. They were turned 
topsy-turvy, and there is no mound on the earth beneath which 
a Devil with an image appeareth not. In the days of Nimrod the 
giant, he looked at fire from heaven, and fire came up from the 
earth. When Nimrod saw it he adored it, and appointed in the 
place where he saw it people to worship it, and to throw incense f. 121a 
into it. Since that time magicians adore fire when they see it 
coming up from the heaven and from the earth, and they worship 
it to this day. A chief magician named Sasir found a spring 
of bountiful water at a place in the country of Atropatene. 
He erected upon it a white horse. Whoever bathed in that 
fountain worshipped this horse. The Magi honour the horse, 
and there is a sect of them who worship it to this day. 
Nimrod travelled till he arrived at the land of MariCin. When 
he entered the city of Altiir&s he found there Bouniter the 
fourth son of Noah. Nimrod's army was on a lake, and he 
went down there one day to bathe in it. When Nimrod saw 
Bouniter the son of Noah, he did obeisance to him. Bouniter 
said to him, "O giant king, why do you adore me?" Nimrod 
said to him, " I did thee homage because thou didst meet me." 
Nimrod stayed with him three years that he might teach him 
wisdom and strategy, then he wandered away from him. He 
said to Nimrod, " Thou shalt not return a second time." When 
Nimrod was passing through the East, he deposited books f. 121b 
making known what Bouniter the son of Noah had taught him. 
The people were astonished at his wisdom. There was among 
the people entrusted with the worship of fire a man called 
Ardashir. When Ardashir saw the wisdom of Nimrod and the 
excellency of his star-gazing (Nimrod had a perfect genius), he 
envied him for this, and implored a Devil who had appeared to 
him beside the fire to teach him the wisdom of Nimrod. The 
Devil said to him, " Thou canst not do this until thou have 


fulfilled the magic rite, and its perfection is the marriage 
of mothers, daughters and sisters." Ardashir answered him 
concerning this, and did what he commanded him about it. 
Since that time the Magi allow the wedlock of mothers, sisters 
and daughters. The Devil also taught Ardashir the knowledge 
of omens and auguries', and physiognomy, and fortune-telling, 
and divining and witchcraft, which were doctrines of the Devil, 
and the Chaldaeans' gave one another this doctrine ; these were 

f. 122 a the Syrians, and some people say that it is the tongue of the 
Nabataeans. Every one who uses aught of these doctrines, his 
guilt before God is great. But the knowledge which Nimrod 
learned from Bounitar, verily Bounitar the son of Noah learned 
it from God, the great and glorious, for it is the counting of the 
stars, and the years and the months ; the Greeks call this 
science Astronomy, and the Persians call it Astrology. Nimrod 
built great towns in the East, namely, Had^niiin, Ellasar, 
Seleucia, Ctesiphon, Ruhin, and the towns of Atrapatene, and 
Telalon, and others that he chose for himself. 

When Terah, father of Abraham, reached two hundred and 
three years he died. Abraham and Lot buried him in the city 
of Haran. [God] commanded him that he should travel to the 
Holy Land. Abraham took with him Sarah his wife, and Lot 
his brother's son, and journeyed to the land of the Amorites. 
Abraham the Just was then seventy-five years old. When 
he reached eighty years, he fought with the nations and put 
them to flight and delivered Lot from them, and he had no 

f. 122 b child at that time, for Sarah was barren. When he returned 
from the war with the nations, God commanded him to 
journey and pass over to Mount Y&b(is. When he got 
there he met Melchizedek, priest of God. When Abraham 
saw him, he did homage to him and was blessed by him. He 
offered before him fine pure bread and drink. Melchizedek 
blessed Abraham and made vows for him. Thereupon God com- 
manded Melchizedek to pare his nails. Melchizedek consecrated 
an offering of fine bread and drink. Abraham offered some 

* See note, page 36. 

> Probably O^t^^^^^^- 


of it, and paid to Melchizedek the tenth of his goods. Then 
God, may His names be sanctified, discoursed with Abraham 
the second time and said to him, "Thy reward' shall be great 
with Me. Since thou hast received the blessing of Melchizedek 
and thou art worthy to receive from his hand the gift of bread 
and wine, I will bless thee, and will multiply thy seed." 

When Abraham reached eighty-six years, Ishmael was born 
to him of Hagar the Egyptian bond-maid. Pharaoh of Egypt f 123 a 
had given her to Sarah, the wife of Abraham, who was his sister 
by his father but not by his mother, for Terah married two 
wives ; the name of the one was Yuta, she was the mother of 
Abraham, and she died when she gave birth to him ; the name 
of the other was Nahdeef, and she was the mother of Sarah. 
Therefore Abraham answered as he said to the king of Egypt 
when he wished to do violence to Sarah, that " she is my sister." 
When Abraham reached ninety-nine years, God came down to 
his house, and gave to Sarah a son. When he reached a hundred 
years, Isaac was born to him, the son whom God gave him of 
barren Sarah. When Isaac reached twelve years, Abraham 
offered him to God as an offering upon the hill Y^bOs, which is 
the place in which the Christ was crucified, and which is known 
as Golgolah. In it Adam was created ; in it Abraham looked at 
the tree which bore the lamb by which Isaac was redeemed from 
sacrifice, and in it the body of Adam was laid. In it was the 
altar of Melchizedek, and in it David looked at the Angel of the 
Lord bearing a sword for the destruction of Jerusalem. Verily f. 123 b 
Abraham's carrying up there of Isaac to the altar is a type of 
the crucifixion of the Christ for the salvation of Adam and his 
children. The proof of this is the saying of the Christ in the 
holy Gospel to the children of Israel, that '* your father Abraham 
did not cease to long to look on my days, and when he saw them, 
he rejoiced in them." The lamb which Abraham saw hanging 
on the tree was a type of the slaying of the Christ in the body, 
which He had taken from us, and of His crucifixion also, 
because the lamb was not the child of a ewe and was worthy 
of being sacrificed. In that place Abraham saw what pertained 

* Probably ^^/*>t. 

40 kitAb al-magAll. 

to the salvation of Adam through the crucifixion of the Christ 
In the hour that Abraham took up Isaac to the altar, Jerusalem 
began to be built, and the reason was this. When Melchizedek, 
priest of God, appeared to men, his fame reached the kings 
of the nations, and they came to him from every region to be 
blessed. Among those that came to him were Abimelech king 

f. 124 a of Gerar, Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Delassar 
(Ellasar), Kedarlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of men, 
Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, or Simeon king 
of the Amorites, and Simair king of Saba, Bislah king of Bela, 
Hiar king of Damascus, and Yaftar king of the deserts. When 
these kings, O my son Clement, saw Melchizedek king of Peace 
and priest of God, and heard his word, they honoured and 
applauded him and asked him to journey with them to their 
lands. He told them that he was not allowed to leave his place, 
in which God had appointed him to an office. Their unanimous 
counsel was that a city should be built for him at their expense, 
and that they should rule it. They built for him the Holy City, 
and delivered it to him, and Melchizedek called it Jerusalem. 

Then Maoalon king of Teman journeyed to Melchizedek 
when his fame reached him, and gave him noble and glorious 
presents. He honoured him when he saw him and heard his 

f. 124 b word. All kings and nations honoured him and called him the 
Father of Kings. Some people think that Melchizedek will not 
die, and bring as proof the saying of David the Prophet in 
his psalms, " Thou art a priest for ever after the figure of 
Melchizedek." David does not wish (to say) in this his saying 
that he will not die, and how can this be when he is a man ? 
But God honoured him and made him His priest, and in the 
Torah there is no mention of a beginning to his days. There- 
fore David sang as he sang about him. Moses does not make 
mention of him in his book, for he was only relating the 
genealogy of the Fathers. But Shem the son of Noah has told 
us in the books of the Testaments that Melchizedek was the son 
of Malih, son of Arphaxad, son of Shem, son of Noah ; and his 
mother was Jozedek. 

In the hundredth year of Abraham there reigned in the East 


a king called Karmos, he who built Shamshat, and Claudia 
{ljt>^^X and Careem, and Leouza. He had a son called Car&n 
and three daughters ; the name of the one being Shamshout, 
and the other Harzea, and the other Leouza, and he called 
these cities by their names. When Peleg had reached fifty f. 125 a 
years, Nimrod journeyed to the province of Mesopotamia, and 
built Nisibis, and Raha (Edessa), and Haran ; to every city he 
put a wall, and he called the wall of Haran by the name of 
Harteeb, the wife of Sem, priest of the beautiful mountains. 
The people of Haran made an image in the form of this Sem, 
and worshipped it. Ba*alsameen fell in love with Nalkeez wife 
of Nimroda, and Nimroda fled before Ba*alsameen ; on account 
of this the children of Israel wept over Nimroda and burnt the 
city of Haran in anger about him. When Sarah died, Abraham 
the famous (or J>frlfcJ!, the Friend, i.e. of God) married a woman 
named Kentoura, daughter of Yaftour king of the deserts. When 
Isaac, son of Abraham, reached forty years, Eleazar his servant 
journeyed in search of her who was named Rebecca for Isaac. 
When Abraham reached one hundred and seventy years he 
died ; his sons Ishmael and Isaac buried him by the side of 
Sarah his wife. When Isaac reached sixty years, Rebecca his 
wife conceived Jacob and Esau. When the birth-pangs took f. 125 b 
hold of her, she went to Melchizedek ; he blessed her and 
prayed over her. He said to her, " God has already formed 
two men in thy womb, who shall be chiefs of two great nations. 
The elder of them shall be beneath the younger. Each of 
them shall hate his brother, and the elder shall serve a man 
of the race of the other. I am servant of that man, whose 
name shall be called *the living God,' and he shall come up 
upon a branch of cursing because of those who rebel against 

When sixty years of Isaac's life had passed, he built a city 
which he called Ail, and in his sixty-fourth year Jericho was 
built by the hand of seven kings, the king of the Hittites, the 
king of the Amorites, the king of the Jebusites, the king of the 
Canaanites, the king of the Girgashites, the king of the Hivites 
and the king of the [Perizzites ?], and every one of them built 

G. F 


a wall to it. But the town which was called Masr (Egypt), 
the king of the Copts had built Ishmael was the first to work 

f. 126 a with a hand-mill, and it was called the mill of the kingdom. 
After one hundred and thirty years of the life of Isaac, that 
is in the seventy-seventh year of Jacob, God blessed Jacob, 
and he received the blessings of Isaac, and the blessing of 
Esau his brother by deceit. He journeyed to the land of the 
East. While he was on his journey, behold, a deep sleep came 
upon him. He prepared below his head seven stones and slept 
upon them. In his sleep he saw a ladder of fire whose top was 
in heaven, and its bottom on the earth. On it Angels were 
descending from it and ascending, and he saw the Lord sitting 
on the top. When he awoke he said, " Doubtless this place is 
the house of God." He took the stones which were beneath his 
head and built them into an altar and anointed it with oil, and 
vowed there that he would give to God the tenth of all his goods 
as an offering. The power of this vision, O my son Clement, is 
not difficult to those who know, for it is a prophecy of the coming 
of our Lord the Christ. Verily the ladder which Jacob saw was 
a sign of the Crucifixion, and the Angels coming down from 

f. 126 b Heaven [were] for the Gospel to Zacharia, and Mary, and the 
Magi and the shepherds. The place of the Lord's seat at the 
top of the ladder was like the descent of our God the Christ 
from Heaven for our salvation, and the place where Jacob saw 
it was a type of the Church, which is being interpreted, the House 
of God. The stones are a type of the altar, and their being 
anointed with oil [a type] of the union of Godhead with 
Manhood. The vow which he made of a tenth of his goods 
is a type of the Eucharist. Jacob journeyed from the place of 
the vision till he came to the town of his uncle Laban. He saw 
a well of water, at which three flocks of sheep were lying down ; 
over the mouth of the well was a great stone. Rachel, the 
daughter of Jacob's uncle, was standing there with the sheep, 
Jacob came near to the well, removed the stone from its mouth, 
and watered the sheep that were with Rachel. Then he 
approached Rachel and kissed her. Jacob's uncovering of the 
well was a type of Baptism, which was veiled from of old, and 


uncovered in the latter [days]. That which the priest gives to 
those whom he baptizes in the water is in the name of the f. 127 a 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Know, O my 
son, that Jacob did not come forward to kiss Rachel until he had 
uncovered the well and watered her sheep from it. Likewise, 
I say that it is not permitted in the law of the Christ for any 
one to enter the Church till after baptism, for if he is baptized, 
he has become one of Christ's sheep. The prophet Moses said 
in his book that Jacob wrought with his uncle Laban seven 
years for Rachel, whom he loved of Laban's daughters, for she 
was at the height of beauty, but he gave him his ugly daughter. 
Like this was the story of Moses with the Jews whom God saved 
from the bondage of Pharaoh. On account of them he did not 
give the young girl, but he gave her who was old and faded. 
Verily the first girl whom he gave to Jacob had ugly eyes, 
and the second one was perfect in face and had beautiful eyes. f. 127 b 
The face of the first one was covered lest the children of 
Israel should look at its beauty ; the second one had her face 
uncovered, and had a bright, and shining and beautiful person- 
ality. The girl with ugly eyes who was spouse of Jacob was the 
type of the people of his day whom he ruled ; in his time there 
were prophets, and saints and pure ones, and there was little sin 
in them. The faded old woman whom Moses describes, she is 
the people of the children of Israel which went astray in the 
worship of idols, and left the worship of God ; and the girl 
whose face was covered so that it was not possible for the 
children of Israel to look at her was the tribe that was estab- 
lished on the holy mount, which did not mingle with the children 
of Israel, and did not look at them, and if they had looked at it 
(the tribe), verily they would have imitated its good works. 
The better and brighter girl is the tribe which received the Lord 
of the world, the Christ, and worshipped Him in His Godhead. 
He enlightened our hearts by His holiness. 

When Jacob had reached sixty-nine years, Reuben was born f. 128 a 
to him, then followed him his brethren whom God brought out 
of the loins of Jacob; these were Simeon and Levi, Judah the 
ancestor of Mary, Issachar and Zebulun ; Joseph and Benjamin 


the sons of the beautiful Rachel ; Gad and Asher, sons of Zilpah ; 
Dan and Naphtali, sons of Bilhah the maid of Rachel. Two years 
after the emigration of Jacob, he returned to Isaac his father. 
He lived after that fully thirty-one years of Levi's life. When 
he reached one hundred and twenty years his father Isaac died. 
Twenty-three years afterwards he journeyed from Haran to the 
elevated land ; Joseph was sold during the lifetime of Isaac, and 
he was a companion to Jacob in his sorrow. After the sale of 
Joseph, Isaac died ; his sons Jacob and Esau buried him beside 
the grave of his father Abraham. After nine years Rebecca died, 
and was buried near the grave of Abraham. Judah married 
Hosh&* the Canaanitess ; Jacob was grieved at that because she 
was not of the children of Israel, and said to him, " By the God 
of Abraham and Isaac, do not mingle the seed of Canaan with 

f. 128 b us," and he did not accept it from him. He begat from her Er 
and Onan [Cod. Othen] and Shelah. Judah wedded his son Er 
with Tamar the daughter of Kedar, son of Levi. Er wrought the 
deed of the people of Sodom, and God punished him for his 
deed. God killed him in answer to the prayer of Jacob, and the 
seed of Canaan was not mingled with his seed. Then this Tamar 
disguised herself, and sat in the middle of the way ; Judah came 
together with her, not knowing that she was his daughter-in- 
law ; she conceived by him, and bare Pharez and Zarah. At this 
time Jacob and his children journeyed to Egypt, and stayed with 
Joseph for seventeen years. When he had completed [a hundred] 
and forty-seven years of life he died, Joseph that day being fifty- 
six years old. The wise physicians of Pharaoh embalmed him. 
After this Joseph removed his body and placed it beside the 
bodies of his father and of his grandfather Abraham. Pharez 
the son of Judah begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Aram, and 
Aram begat Aminadab, and Aminadab begat Nahson, who was 
the most cunning of the sons of Judah. And Aminadab wedded 
Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest to a girl, and from her he 

f. 129 a begat Phinehas the priest, who by his prayer took away death 
from the people, and whose was the deed with the javelin. Know 
that the priesthood was from Aminadab among the people of 
Israel, and from Nahson the kinghood came among them. Look, 


O my son Clement, how from Judah came the priesthood and 
the kinghood among the children of Israel. Nahson begat a 
son, who is Salmon ; Salmon begat Boaz. When Boaz was old, 
he married Ruth the Moabitess ; in her was kinghood, for she 
was of the race of kings. She was of the children of Lot. God 
did not make Lot unclean for his cohabiting with his daughters, 
and did not attach blame to him, and did not depreciate his 
good deed in his support of his uncle Abraham in his exile, 
and his reception of the Angels in faith, but He put the king- 
hood into Ruth who was of his race, so that the Incarnation of 
our Lord the Christ was of the race of Abraham. Also [into] 
her, the wife of Solomon, son of David, by whom he begat. 
Solomon verily had six hundred free women and four hundred 
concubines, and he obtained no child from any of them, because 
God, may His name be praised ! wished that the seed of Canaan 
should not mingle with the seed of the chosen people from whom (- '29b 
Jesus the Christ took flesh. The rest of the wives of Solomon 
were of the children of Canaan. Nevertheless Moses the Prophet 
of God related, for the responsible books, the chronicles of the 
children of Israel relate that Levi, when he entered Egypt with 
his father Jacob, begat there his son Amram the father of Moses. 
When Moses was born he was thrown out by his mother into the 
Egyptian Nile, and Sapphira the daughter of Pharaoh, king of 
Egypt, saved him from drowning and brought him up in her 
father's palace. When he grew up and had finished forty years, 
he killed Casoum the Egyptian, chief of the swordsmen of 
Pharaoh. He fled to Reuel to the priest of Midian for fear 
of Pharaoh, and that because Sapphira had died before this, 
and if she had been still there, why should Moses have been 
afraid of Pharaoh ? Moses married Zipporah daughter of Jethro, 
priest of Midian. She bare him two sons, these were Gershon 
and Eleazar, at the time of the birth of Joshua the son of Nun, 
and Moses' age was fifty- two years. When he had completed 
eighty years, God spake to him from the thorn bush, and his 
tongue stammered out of fear for God, and he said, " O Lord, at 
the time when thou spakest to thy servant, his tongue stammer- f. 130 a 
ed." All his years were 120. He spent forty in Egypt, and 


forty in Midian, and he governed the children of Israel forty 
years in the wilderness. When he died, Joshua the son of Nun 
governed them thirty-one years. Then Chushan the Atheist 
governed them after him eight years. Then Othniel the son 
of Kcnaz the brother of Caleb, for forty years. Then the 
Moabites enslaved the children of Israel for eighteen years. 
Then [God] prepared their deliverance from their* hand. Their 
government was presided over by Ehud the son of Gera for 
eighty years. In the twenty-sixth year of the reign of this 
Ehud, the fourth thousand [year] from the beginning was 
finished. Then after him the famous Jabin presided over their 
government for an interval of twenty years, then Deborah and 
Barak looked after it for forty years. Then the Midianites 
conquered them, and enslaved them for seven years, then God 
saved them by the hand of Gideon. He presided over their 
government for forty years ; then his son Abimelech for three 

f. 130 b years. Then Jufa (Tola) the son of Puah for twenty years, then 
a daughter of the Gileadite twenty-two years. Then the children 
of Ammon conquered the children of Israel and enslaved them 
for eighteen years, then God saved them by the hands of 
Jephthah, he who offered his daughter as a sacrifice before* God. 
And Ibzan governed them for six years, then after him Elon 
son of Zebulon for ten years. Then Abdon for eight years. 
Then the Philistines fought with the children of Israel and 
subdued them and enslaved them for forty years, and God saved 
them by the hands of Samson. He governed them for twenty 
years, and after him they remained for twelve years without a 
leader. Then there arose to rule them Eli the priest, and he 
governed them for forty years, then Samuel for twenty-two 
years. In his time the children of Israel rebelled against God, 
and set up Saul as king over them ; he was the first king among 
the children of Israel, and he governed them for forty years. In 
the days of Saul appeared the giant Goliath ; he drove out the 
children of Israel and killed their young men. Then God sent 
against him David the Prophet, and he killed him ; against Saul 

f. 131a [He sent] the Philistines, and they killed him, because Saul left 

1 Cod. "his." 


off seeking help from God, and sought help from devils. David 
the son of Jesse reigned over the children of Israel for forty 
years. Then after him Solomon reigned over them and did 
many wonderful things ; amongst them his sending to the city 
of Ophir, and bringing out the gold from its mountains, and 
ships continued for thirty-six months carrying gold from its 
mountains. Also he built the city of Tadmor in the interior 
of the wilderness, and wrought in it many extraordinary things. 
When Solomon passed by Sabad, a building built by Kourhi 
and Abu Nigaf (they whom Nimrod had sent to Bila*am the 
priest when he heard of his occupation with the stars, and he 
built there this altar to the Sun and a stone fort), Solomon 
built there also a city called the City of the Sun. Then Aradus, 
which is in the middle of the sea, was built at Solomon's com- 
mand and they praised him yet more for his wisdom. There 
journeyed to him the Queen of Sheba and she was obedient to 
his religious worship. There came up to him at his command 
Hiram king of Tyre, and had a real love for him ; he had 
already been a friend to David before him. His reign was 
before the reign of David, and he remained to the last of King 
Zedekiah. Solomon took one thousand wives, as we said f. 131b 
above about him; and they deteriorated his mind when he 
exceeded in his love to them, and they got the power to f. 132 a 
mock at him, and it caused him to slide away from the worship 
of God ; he sacrificed to idols and worshipped them instead of 
the Lord. He died, after reigning for forty years, an idolator 
and an infidel. Then Hiram king of Tyre was seduced and 
forgot his humanity and disbelieved in God, and claimed 
divinity, and he said, " I sit in the heart of the seas like the 
sitting of a God " ; and news of him came to Nebuchadnezzar, 
and he journeyed to him till he killed him. In the chronicles 
of the Hebrews, O my son Clement, [we learn] that in the days 
of this Hiram appeared the purple dye, and this [was that] a 
shepherd and his sheep were on the sea-shore, and he saw a 
dog of his gnawing with its mouth something that came out 
of the sea, and its mouth was filled with its blood. He looked 
at the blood, and had never seen the like of it. He took some 


clean wool and wiped this blood with it ; with that he made a 
crown and put it upon his head. It had a brightness like the 
brightness of the sun or rays of fire. The news of it came to 
Hiram ; he sent for him and wondered greatly at the beauty of 
his dye. He assembled the dyers of his kingdom and gave them 
a commission for its like, and they were amazed at this, until 
some of the wise men of his time possessed themselves of the 
purple shell-fish. He made garments for himself with its blood, 
and he rejoiced over this with a great joy. Thou, O my son, 
and all the Greeks, disagree with the Hebrews in this narrative. 
After Solomon, Rehoboam his son reigned, and defiled the 
land by the worship of idols, by much whoredom in the city of 
f. 132 b Jerusalem, and by sacrificing to devils. In his day the kingdom 
of the house of David was divided, and became two parts. 
In his fifth year journeyed Shishak king of Egypt to Jerusalem, 
and took possession of all that was in the treasuries of the 
Lord's house and the treasuries of David and Solomon, the 
vessels of gold and silver, and he was strengthened by this in 
his power. He said to the Jews, " This is none of your earning ; 
it is some of what your fathers brought out of Egypt at 
the time of their flight." And Rehoboam the son of Solomon 
died an infidel, after he had reigned for seventeen years. 
Abia his son reigned after him, being twenty years old. He 
enslaved Jerusalem and destroyed it, and his mother Ma*ka, 
the daughter of Abishalom, commended his deeds. He died 
after three years, and Asa reigned. He did right, and abolished 
the worship of the stars and the images, and whoredom from 
Jerusalem. He drove away his mother from his kingdom, 
because she committed adultery and built an altar to the idols. 
There came to him Az^rdh king of Hind*, and Asa put him to 
flight, and reigned for forty years, then he died. After him 
his son Jehoshaphat reigned, and he went in the way of his 
father in righteousness, but he loved the household of Ahab, 
and kept company with them. He built ships, and sent by 
them to the land of Ophir to bring gold from its mountains. 
God sunk his ships, and was angry with him and his mother 

^ Probably this means Zcrah king of Ethiopia. See 2 Chron. xiv. 9. 


Sem daughter of Uriah, daughter of Shalom, WTien he had 
died, his son Joram reigned, being thirty-two years of age. He f '33^ 
was disobedient, and sacrificed to devils, on account of his wife 
Aliah (Athaliah) daughter of Amsir (Omri) son of the sister 
of Ahab. He died an infidel. After him Ahaziah reigned, 
being twenty years of age. He was a shameless infidel. The 
Lord delivered him over to his enemies, and they killed him after 
one year of his reign. His mother took the kingdom to herself, 
and killed the kings' sons, that thereby she might destroy the 
kingdom of the family of David. None were saved from her 
except Joash, for Jehosheba the daughter of Joram son of 
Jehoshaphat hid him. She increased adultery and infidelity 
in Jerusalem. She died after seven years, and the people of 
Jerusalem thought about who should reign over them, Jehoiada 
knew about that, and their choice fell upon none but Joash 
whom Jehoiada had hidden. He sent and brought [him] 
out to the house of the Lord ; the warriors completely armed 
surrounded him, and Jehoiada the priest seated him upon the 
throne of the family of David his father, he being seven years 
of age. His mothers name was Zibiah of the family of Sheba. f. 134a 
Jehoiada the priest covenanted with him that he should do 
righteousness before the Lord. When Jehoiada the priest died, 
Joash forgot his covenants, and did not know rightly what was 
administered from the throne of the family of David, nor the 
shedding of innocent blood. He died after he had reigned for 
forty years. After him his son reigned, and his mother's name 
was Jehoaddan. He killed every one who had killed any one of 
his household, but spared their sons, for in this he followed the 
law of the Lord. He died after he had reigned for twenty-nine 
years, and his son Azariah reigned after him, being twenty* 
years old. His mother's name was Jecholiah. He did right 
before the Lord, save that he was bold about the priest- 
hood, for which reason he became a leper, and God weakened 
the power of Isaiah the prophet from prophecy until this 
Azariah died, because he did not reprove him for his boldness 
about the priesthood. The duration of his reign was fifty-two 

* Bezold has "nineteen," in accordance with Scripture. 
G. O 


years, and Jotham his son reigned after him, being twenty-five 
years of age, and his mother's name was Jerusha the daughter of 
Dafma (Zadok). He did right, and the duration of his reign 

f. 134 b was sixteen years. After him his son Ahaz reigned, being twenty 
years of age ; his mother's name was Jahkebez the daughter 
of Levi. He did wickedly, and sacrificed to devils and idols. 
God was angry with him, and Tiglath son of Cardak, king of 
Assyria, came against him, and besieged him. Ahaz wrote him- 
self down his vassal, and delivered Jerusalem up to the Assyrians, 
and he carried all the gold and silver that was in the temple of 
God to Assyria the regions of Tiglath. In his time the children 
of Israel were led captive, and went down to Babylon. The king 
of Assyria sent instead Babylonians to the land of Judah to dwell 
in it ; and they complained of what befel them to the king of 
Assyria, and he sent to them Urijah one of the priests of the 
children of Israel that he might teach them the law of the Lord. 
When they knew it, the lions ceased from them, and went to the 
land of Babylon and to Samaria. When he (Ahaz) had com- 
pleted sixteen years he died, and his son Hezekiah reigned after 
him, being twenty-five years old, and his mother's name was Ahi 
(Abi) the daughter of Zechariah. He did right and broke the 
idols, and caused the sacrifices to cease, and cut up the serpent 
that Moses had made in the wilderness of the wandering (Tih), 
because the children of Israel were seduced in their worship of 

f. 135 a it. In the fourth year of his reign, Shalmanezer king of Assyria 
came to Jerusalem, and took captive the Israelites who were in 
it, and drove them away to a place beyond Babylon named 
Media. In the twenty-sixth year journeyed Sennacherib king of 
the province to the cities of Judah, and took captive those whom 
he found in them and their villages excepting Jerusalem. Verily 
it was saved by the prayer and cries of king Hezekiah. When 
Hezekiah was ill with his death-sickness, he grieved and wept 
because he had no son to reign after him ; he prayed before the 
Lord, and said, " Lord, have mercy on Thy servant, and do not 
let him die without offspring ; let not the kingdom fail from the 
house of David, nor the blessings cease which have come on the 
tribes in my days." The Lord answered him, and told him that 


He had added to his life fifteen years ; he recovered ; a son 
was born to him, and he called him Manasseh. When twenty- 
six years of his reign were finished, and he was rejoicing in his 
son, he died. His son reigned after him, being twelve years old ; 
his mother's name was Hephzibah. He did wickedly, and his 
infidelity surpassed all the infidel kings that were before him in 
evil-doing. He built an altar to idols, and sacrificed to them ; 
he defiled Jerusalem with corruption, and the worship of idols, f. 135 h 
He took Isaiah the prophet, and they sawed him with a wooden 
saw from the middle of his head to between his feet, because he 
had reproved him for his wicked deeds. Isaiah's age that day 
was one hundred and twenty years, he began to prophesy when 
he was ninety years old. Then Manasseh repented about that, 
and turned to his Lord ; he put on sackcloth, and imposed a fast 
upon himself [all] the days of his life. God accepted his repent- 
ance and he died. His son Amon reigned after him, being that 
day twenty-two years of age ; his mother's name was Musalmath 
the daughter of Hasoun. He did wicked deeds before the Lord, 
and burned his children in the fire. He reigned twelve years 
and he died. After him his son Josiah reigned, being sixty- 
eight years of age ; his mother's name was Arnea, daughter of 
Azariah son of Tarfeeb. He kept righteously the feast of the 
Passover, a feast such as the children of Israel had never kept 
since the time of the Prophet Moses; he abolished the sacrifices 
to the images, broke the idols, sawed them with saws, killed 
their worshippers, and burnt in the fire the bones of the prophets 
of the Honoured One. He cleansed Jerusalem from defilements. 
None like him reigned over the Jews before him nor after him. f. 136 a 
He remained there for thirty years, but Pharaoh king of Egypt 
killed him. After him his son Jehoahaz reigned, being twenty- 
two years of age ; his mother's name was Hamtoul the daughter 
of Jeremiah of Libnah. Not more than three months of his 
reign had passed when Pharaoh the lame bound him, made him 
fast with chains, and carried him to Egypt, and he died there. 
After him his brother Jehoiakim reigned, being twenty-five 
years of age ; his mother's name was Zobeed, daughter of 
Yerkuiah of the town of Al-Ramah. In the third year of his 


reign Nebuchadnezzar approached Jerusalem, reigned over it, 
and made him his vassal for three years. He rebelled against 
Nebuchadnezzar, and death overtook him. His son Jehoiachin 
reigned after him, being eighteen years of age ; his mother's 
name was Tahseeb the daughter of Lutanan of the people of 
Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar journeyed a second time to Jeru- 
salem, bound him after three months of his reign, and carried 
him and his officers and the armies of his soldiers to Babylon. 
Nebuchadnezzar in his first attack had bound the wife of 
Jehoiakim and other wives of the grandees and nobles of Jeru- 

f. 136 b salem, and carried them to Babylon. The wife of Jehoiakim 
was pregnant that day, and in the way she gave birth to Daniel. 
In the Captivity were also Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael, sons 
of Johanan. The reason of this Captivity was that Jehoiachin 
had made a truce with Nebuchadnezzar, then they betrayed one 
another. When Johanan died, Zedekiah the uncle of Jehoiakim 
reigned after him, being twenty-one years of age ; the seat of all 
the kings of the children of Israel was Jerusalem ; the name of 
Zedekiah's mother was Hamtoul ; he was the last of the kings 
of the children of Israel. After eleven years of his reign, Nebu- 
chadnezzar journeyed for the third time to the West, to pacify 
its cities, and the cities of the Euphrates, and of the Great Sea. 
He made his way through the islands of the sea, and took 
captive their people, he laid Tyre waste, and smote it with 
fire. He killed Hiram its king as we have already said. He en- 
tered Egypt to seek those of the children of Israel who had fled, 
and killed its Pharaoh. He returned by sea to Jerusalem, and was 

f. 137 a victorious there a second time. He bound Zedekiah, killed his 
sons Jerbala and Rahmut, and carried him blind and fettered 
with chains to Babylon. This was a punishment from God to 
him for his deed that he did to the prophet Jeremiah when he 
threw him into a miry well. Nebuchadnezzar appointed Jozadan 
(Nebuzaradan) the captain of his prison in Jerusalem until he 
had laid waste its wall, and burned the temple of the Lord which 
Solomon had built in it. He demolished the rest of the 
dwellings of Jerusalem, carried all the tools that he found of 
iron and brass, and the raiment which belonged to the house 


of the Lord to Babylon. Between Simeon the High Priest of 
Jerusalem and Jozadan captain of the prison to Nebuchadnezzar 
there was love and friendship. He asked if he would give him 
the old writings; he did so, and Simeon carried them with him, 
being among the crowd of the Captivity. He saw a well in his 
way among the borders of the West ; he laid the writings in it, 
and put with them a bronze vase, filled with glowing coals, 
and in it sweet smelling incense ; he covered up this well, and 
went to Babylon. The devastation of Jerusalem was completed, 
and it became a waste. There was not one person in it, nor f. 137 b 
even a building save the tomb of the prophet Jeremiah. 
Jeremiah in his lifetime had dwelt in a place called Samaria ; he 
commanded a man named Uriah that he should be buried in 
Jerusalem, and he did it. It was not known that this place was 
the grave of Jeremiah except at the devastation of Jerusalem. 

Now for the genealogies. The Syrians say that no one 
looked after them after the last devastation of Jerusalem, except 
among the tribe of the Philistines, and no one looked after 
the genealogy of the people among whom the children of Israel 
married, nor from whence was the beginning of the priesthood. 
Jehoiachin did not cease to be bound in the land of Babylon, 
and shut up in prison for thirty-seven years. Meanwhile there 
was born to Mardul a son named Mardahi, and the king let 
Jehoiachin out of the prison, and married him to Helmuth the 
daughter of Eliakim. By him she gave birth in the land of 
Babylon to a son, who was called Salathiel. Then he married 
another who was called Melkat the daughter of Ezra the 
teacher, and had no child by her in Babylon. At that time 
Cyrus reigned in Babylon. He married Masahet the sister of f. 138 a 
Zerubabel a nobleman of the Jews, according to the custom of 
Persia ; he let her rule his affairs ; she begged him to restore 
the children of Israel to Jerusalem, and he did this to its place 
where it had been before him. He commanded a herald to pro- 
claim, that there should not remain one of the children of Israel, 
who should not present himself to Zerubabel his brother-in-law. 
When they were gathered together, he commanded him to take 
them to Jerusalem and that they should build it. The children 


of Israel returned to Jerusalem in the second year of the reign 
of Cyrus the Persian. At that time was completed the fifth 
thousand from the beginning. The children of Israel after their 
return to Jerusalem remained without a teacher to teach them 
the law of the Lord or any writings of the prophets. When 
Ezra saw this, he went to the well in which the Law had been 
put, uncovered it, and found the vase full of fire and incense, 
and he found the writings faded, there was no means to get 
them. God revealed to him that he should receive of them 
from His hands ; he succeeded, and threw it on his mouth 
once, and twice and thrice, and God put into it the power of 
the spirit of prophecy ; he kept all the writings, and that fire 
which was in the vase in the well was from the fire of Paradise 

f. 138 b which was in the house of the Lord. Zerubabel journeyed 
to Jerusalem as king over it. By Joshua son of Jozadak the 
High Priest and by Ezra, the writing of the Law and the Books 
of the Prophets were completed. After their return, the children 
of Israel kept the feast of the Passover, and all the feasts that 
they celebrated were three. The first was the feast of Moses in 
Egypt, the second the feast of Josiah, and the third after their 
return from Babylon in the days of Cyrus the Persian. The 
number of the years of the Captivity which Jeremiah the prophet 
mentions are seventy years. The children of Israel built the 
temple of the Lord in Jerusalem, and its building was finished 
by the hands of Zerubabel and Joshua the son of Jozadak the 
priest, and Ezra the scribe of the Law, in six and forty years. 
When the books of the genealogies were destroyed, the fathers 
were in despair about genealogy, and there was despair about it 
after them, until their accuracy was guaranteed by the secret 
books of the Hebrews. I relate this to thee, my son Clement, 
that when Zerubabel journeyed to Jerusalem, he married 
Malka the daughter of Ezra the teacher, and by her he begat 
a son called Abiud. She had already been the wife of 
Jehoiachin before him. When Abiud grew up, he married 

f. 139 a Ragib, daughter of Joshua the son of Jozadak the priest By 
her he begat a son called Jehoiachim. Jehoiachim married a 
wife, and begat a son by her. When he grew up, he married 


Alfeet, daughter of Hesron, and by her he begat Zadok. 
Zadok married Felbin the daughter of Rahab, and by her he 
begat Atin. Atin married Hesheeb, daughter of Jula, and by 
her he begat Tur (Eliud). Tur (Eliud) married Salsin, daughter 
of Hasoul, and by her he begat Eleazar. Eleazar married 
Habeeth, daughter of Malih, and by her he begat Manar 
(Matthan). Manar (Matthan) married Seer^b, daughter of 
Phinehas, and by her he begat two sons in [one] womb. One 
of them was Jacob, who was called by two names, Joachim son 
of Yart4h. Jacob married Had the daughter of Eleazar, and 
by her he begat Joseph. Joachim married Hannah, daughter of 
Ka*rdal, and by her he begat Mary, by whom our Lord the 
Christ was incarnate. On account of our knowledge, O my 
son Clement, about the genealogy of the Lady Mary, and 
the genealogies of her ancestors, the Jews begin by assertions 
about us that we do not understand the genealogies, and we do 
not know them ; and they venture to mock the mother of Light, 
the Lady Mary, the Virgin, and they attribute her genealogy to 
fornication, because they do not know that it was the Holy f. 139 b 
Ghost who came down on us, a company of twelve in the upper 
room of Zion, who taught us all that we need to know about 
the genealogies and the rest of the mysteries, as He had taught 
Azariah (Ezra) the teacher all the Law, so that he kept it and 
renewed it. Let the mouths of the cursed Jews now be 
stopped, and let them know assuredly that Mary the pure 
was of the race of Judah, also of the race of David, also of 
the race of Abraham; that they have nothing against the 
genealogies which the Holy Ghost taught us, and there is not a 
book left in their hands from which they can make a stand 
against genealogy, since their books have been burnt three 
times ; the first time in the days of Antiochus, who defiled the 
temple of the Lord, and commanded sacrifices to idols; the 
second by Herod at the time of the devastation of Jerusalem ; 
and the third, hear, O blessed son, what the Holy Ghost has 
revealed to me, about the sixty-three fathers, whose names are 
registered, and how the pedigree came about to the tribe from 
which was incarnate our God the Christ. 


The beginning of genealogies. 

Adam begat Seth. Seth married Aclima, sister of Abel, 

f. 140 a and by her begat Enos. Enos married a woman called Hita, 
daughter of Mahmouma of the sons of Har son of Seth, and 
by her begat Cainan. Cainan married Karith, daughter of 
Kersham son of MaheAl, and by her begat Mahlaleel. Mah- 
laleel married Teshabfatir, daughter of Enos, and by her begat 
Jared. Jared married Zebeeda, daughter of Kargilan son of 
Cainan, and by her begat Enoch. Enoch married Jardakin, 
daughter of Terbah son of Mahlaleel, and by her begat Me- 
thuselah. Methuselah married Rahoub, daughter of Serkeen 
son of Enoch, and by her begat Lamech. Lamech married 
Kifar, daughter of Jutab son of Methuselah, and by her begat 
Noah. Noah married Haikal, daughter of Mashamos son of 
Enoch, and by her begat Sem. Sem married Leah, daughter 
of Nasih, and by her begat Arphaxad. Arphaxad married 
Fardou, daughter of Salweh son of Japhet, and by her begat 
Salah. Salah married Muldath, daughter of Kahin son of Sem, 
and by her begat Obed (Eber). Obed (Eber) married Rasdah 
sister of Melchisedek, daughter of Malih son of Arphaxad, 
and by her begat Peleg. Peleg married Hadeeb, daughter of 
HamlAh, and by her begat Jareu (Reu). Jareu (Reu) married 
Tanaa*b, daughter of Obed (Eber). and by her begat Serug. 

f. 140 b Serug married Feel, and by her begat Nahor. Nahor married 
a wife, A*4kris daughter of Reu, and by her begat Tarah. 
Tarah married two wives, one of them Juta, and the other 
Salmat, by Juta he begat Abraham and by Salmat Sarah. 
Abraham married Sarah, daughter of this Salmat his father's 
wife, and by her begat Isaac. Isaac married a wife called 
Rebecca, daughter of FathAel, and by her begat Jacob. Jacob 
married Leah, daughter of Laban, and by her begat Judah. 
Judah begat Pharez by Tamar. Pharez son of Judah married 
Afdeeb, daughter of Levi, and by her begat Hesron. Hesron 
married Farteeb, daughter of Zebulon, and by her begat Aram. 
Aram married Safuza, daughter of Judah, and by her begat 
Aminadab. Aminadab married Baruma, daughter of Hesron, 
and by her begat Nahshon. Nahshon married Aram, daughter 


of Adam, and by her begat Salmon. Salmon married Saleeb 
(Rahab), daughter of Aminadab, and by her begat Boaz. Boaz 
married Aroof (Ruth), daughter of Lot, and by her begat Obed. 
Obed married Nefut, daughter of Shela, and by her begat Asse 
(Jesse). Asse (Jesse) married Amrat, daughter of Othan, and by 
her begat David. David married Balseba' (Bathsheba), daughter 
of Jout^n son of Shela, and by her begat Solomon. Solomon 
married Naama, daughter of Maheel, and by her begat Reho- f. 141 a 
boam : who had none like him. Rehoboam married Naheer, 
daughter of Al, and by her begat Abia. Abia married Maachah 
the daughter of Abishalom, and by her begat Asa. Asa married 
Auzbah the daughter of Shalih, and by her begat Jehoshaphat. 
Jehoshaphat married Na*mna the daughter of Amon, and by 
her begat Joram. Joram married Tala*ia, daughter of Amoi, 
and by her begat Ahaz. Ahaz married Suma the daughter of 
Balhi, and by her begat Amaziah. Amaziah married Kama, 
daughter of Caram, and by her begat Uzziah. Uzziah married 
Jerousa, daughter of Zadok, and by her begat Jeream (Jotham). 
Jeream (Jotham) married Jahfat, daughter of Hani, and by her 
begat Ahaz. Ahaz married Ahir, daughter of Zachariah, and 
by her begat Hezekiah. Hezekiah married Hephzibah, daughter 
of Jarmoun, and by her begat Manasseh. Manasseh married 
Artida, daughter of Azuriah, and by her begat Aman. Aman 
married Tarib, daughter of Murka, and by her begat Josiah. 
Josiah married Hamtoul, daughter of Armeed (Jeremiah), and 
by her begat Jehoahaz. Jehoahaz married a woman and had 
no sons by her. Jehoiakim reigned after the death of his 
brother, and married a woman called Carteem, daughter of 
Haluta, and by her begat Salaeel (Salathiel). Salaeel (Salathiel) 
married Hamtat, daughter of Eliakim, and by her begat Zeru- f 141 h 
babel. Zerubabel married Malkut, daughter of Ezra, and by her 
begat Armeed (Abiud). Armeed (Abiud) married Awarkeeth, 
daughter of Zadok, and by her begat Jachim. Jachim married 
Hali, daughter of Zurniem, and by her begat A*zor. A'zor married 
Afi, daughter of Hasor, and by her begat Sadoc. Sadoc married 
Faltir, daughter of Dorteeb, and by her begat Asham Joteed. 
Joteed Asham married Hasgab, daughter of Jula, and by her 

G. H 

58 KITAB al-magall. 

begat Liud (Eliud). Liud (Eliud) married Shabshetin, daughter 
of Hubaballia, and by her begat Eleazar. Eleazar married 
Hanbeth, daughter of Jula, and by her begat Mathan. Mathan 
married Seerab, daughter of Phinehas, and by her begat Jacob. 
Jacob married Harteeb, daughter of Eleazar, and by her begat 
Joachim, known as Jonahir. Joachim married Hannah, and 
returned to the house of Eleazar. And after sixty years of 
his marriage to her, he begat by her Mary the Virgin, her by 
whom the Christ became incarnate. Joseph the Carpenter was 
the son of her [paternal] uncle Laha, and therefore his vote did 
not fall against her when Ram, priest of the children of Israel, 
delivered her to a man who should be surety for her. It was 
in the hidden work of God (may He be glorious and exalted !) 
and in the mystery of His knowledge that there was no escape 
from the Jews reproaching Mary the pure on account of her 
bearing the Christ. To our Master and our God and our 
Lord Jesus the Christ be praise and power and greatness and 
dignity and worship with the Father and the Holy Ghost from 
now unto all time and throughout all ages. Amen. 


In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Fonds 

Ghost, the one God, we begin to transcribe the story of Aphikia 179, 

wife of Jesus the son of Sirach, vizier of King Solomon, the ^^ ^ 
son of David, King of the children of Israel. 

It is said : Solomon the wise heard about Aphikia wife of 
Jesus the son of Sirach, his treasurer and vizier, that there was 
not among the women of the children of Israel nor in all Jeru- 
salem one like her, so perfect in body and wise in mind. So he 
wished to see her and talk with her that he might know the 
utmost of her wisdom. So he sent to her the eunuch his chan- 
cellor, saying to her, ** I long to meet with thee and talk with 
thee." When the eunuch went to her and told her the saying of 
the King, her heart was pained and she sobbed, and said to the 
Chief, ** Say to my lord the King, * Thy wisdom has filled the 
whole world, and how has it given place to this idea, that it 
should come into thy heart, thou whose teaching turneth the 
fool into a wise man. Yet if it be thy will, I will acquiesce in 
this unworthy idea; but let it not be carried out while my 
husband is in this city, lest there be any scandal.*** When the f. 126b 
eunuch related this saying in the ears of the King, he wondered 
the more, and begged earnestly to meet with her. He talked 
with Jesus her husband, saying, " O my son, we have urgent 
business with the King of Mosul, and I do not see a man suit- 
able to meet with him like thyself** And Jesus said, "May 
my lord the King live ! according to what he says so be it.'* 
And he wrote the letters for him, and made him ride with 
honour like the son of kings. He sent with him troops and 


gifts, and he took his journey. Then King Solomon com- 
manded the eunuch, saying to him, "Go to Aphikia wife of 
Jesus the son of Sirach, and say to her, ' Be ready for my 
Sovereign's reception in thy dwelling.' " The eunuch went to 
her with the saying of the King. And Aphikia said to the Chief, 
" Tell my lord the King, saying, * Is a humble handmaid worthy 

f. 127 a of this great honour that her Sovereign should walk and come 
to her? I beg him not to taste any food until he comes and 
eats in the abode of his servant' " And the eunuch went away 
from her to the King and told him of this saying. But Aphikia, 
when the eunuch had gone, called her cook and .said to him, 
" Ask for all thou requirest, fowls, fish and mutton. Cook me 
from them forty kinds with one taste and let them be different 
and various in kind." When the time came, she spread for the 
King in the chamber of her husband Jesus the son of Sirach, 
according to the honour of the king. The evening had come, 
even the end of a part of the night ; King Solomon came 
to her abode, and people went before him with lanterns, and 
they brought him in to the chamber in which they had spread 
for him. He was amazed at what he saw. Then Aphikia came 
up, she and her maidens, and they bowed themselves down to 

f. 127 b the earth before the King, and they sat behind the door of the 
chamber in which it had been spread for the King. Then she 
commanded that the table should be brought up, and upon it 
were all kinds of bread. Then she commanded that they should 
present the kinds on the top. The King ate with gusto on 
account of the purity of the meats of which he was eating, 
and taking account. He remained contemplating the kinds 
and wondered at their variety from one another in resem- 
blance. When he had tasted these kinds which were put 
there, he found that they had all one taste. He ate, and was 
satisfied, and raised his hand. Then they brought forward many 
kinds more, and put them before him. He merely tasted them 
without eating of them. He knew certainly that this was a 
parable of wisdom. Then he said, " Thy favours are acceptable, 
O God of Israel ! I would know, O Aphikia ! the meaning of 

f. 128 a what thou commandest me by thy foods." And Aphikia said. 


" O my lord the King ! thy wisdom is sufficient for thee and for 

the whole world. Of what worth is the light of a candle placed 

before the sun? And what is the measure of thy handmaid 

that she should speak before the lord the King ? The soul from 

God moves in her body. To-day she hides her corruption 

and her fetidness, and to-morrow she will be thrown into a 

grave beyond the place of the fields in which she appears, and 

she will be a naked soul, with a soul that never dies." Then 

said Solomon, *' Blessed be the day when they gave thee birth 

into the world since thou hast filled it with wisdom." Then 

he arose, wondering at what he had seen and heard from this 

chaste woman. When he was outside the door of the room, 

behold, a ruby got detached from his crown between the lintels 

of the door, without any one seeing it till the return of Jesus 

from the journey. He saw it lying, and he took it and examined f. 128 b 

it in his hand and he recognized it. He knew for certain that 

the King had entered into his chamber, and he was grieved in his 

heart and did not speak, nor did he return to his wife another 

time in conjugal intercourse till the end of two years, nor 

inquire of her, that she might appease him. She also did 

not wish to say to him, " Why art thou estranged from me } ** 

saying in her heart that her husband must not say in his heart, 

" This one is longing for reunion." And after two years her 

mother gazed in her face, and saw it, and behold, it was altered 

and changed. She looked at her limbs, and saw in them great 

weakness. And she said, " O my beloved daughter, what gives 

thee pain ? for thou art very weak." She took her by the hand, 

and went with her to a quiet place in the house, and told her all 

that had happened, and that she was grieved in her heart on 

account of her husband more than [on account of] the weakness f. 129a 

that had come on her body. Her mother arose at once and 

went to Solomon, and met with him in a palace alone in a 

retired spot, for she was in much honour with him. She said, 

" O my lord the King, live for ever ! I had a pleasant vineyard, 

where I could enjoy life, by God ! in the first place, and be 

comforted by it ; I gave it over to a vine-dresser to cultivate it. 

He waited to give me fruit for a time, then also to himself. 


I trusted in regard to my vineyard to this vine-dresser that he 
should not neglect to improve my vineyard. I did not visit it 
for two years. I walked to-day till I reached it, and I found 
it waste, going to ruin. I implore thee, O my lord the King, to 
judge between me and this vine-dresser, for he has spoiled a 
noble vineyard." 

The King said to her, " What has happened to thee about 
my neglect of thy vineyard until this day ? " for he knew the 
object of her speaking and the meaning of her wisdom. And 

f. 129b he commanded them to call Jesus up to his presence, and made 
him sit by his side with his mother-in-law. And he said to her, 
'* All that thou hast said, repeat it to us once again according to 
what thou didst tell me," and .she was silent. Then Solomon 
said, " What sayest thou ? " And he said, " All that she said is 
true, except that I did not weary of doing my best for the 
cultivation of this vineyard until the day that my lord the King 
sent me to Damascus. But on my return, O King, to my vine- 
yard, as I went up to the interior of the vineyard looking [about], 
behold, there was a trace of the steps of a great lion within the 
threshold. And I feared, and turned back, lest the lion should 
destroy me." 

Then King Solomon said to him, ** Listen to me, that I may 
speak unto thee. By the truth of the God of Abraham, Isaac 
and Jacob, of Moses and Aaron, the great and high God who 

f. 130a has appeared to us, He who hears us when we swear by 
Him, because that lion did not aim at doing anything beyond 
conversation in speech suitable to wisdom, a gain to all souls 
who should hear it, now, O my son ! rise with joy and a pure 
heart ; enter into thy vineyard and cultivate it in honour, for its 
honour is great before the Lord of Hosts." Then Jesus rose at 
once, and his mother-in-law, and entered his abode and sat with 
Aphikia his wife and inquired of her, and she informed him of 
what had happened, and he glorified the Lord God of the name 
of Israel. 

By the help of God, the story of Aphikia wife of Jesus the 
son of Sirach, vizier of Solomon the son of David, is finished 
and completed. 


Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost, one true God. To Him be glory, and on us His. mercies 
for ever. 

It was Alfarag who copied the book of Jesus the son of f- 130 h 
Sirach, and the story of his wife Aphikia, on Friday at the 
sixth hour, the fifth Friday of the holy fast, twenty-six days 
having passed of the month of Adar, the blessed, the second day 
of the feast of the Gospel, in the year 1885 of the Greeks, and 
this by the hand of the poor hoarse preacher, rich in sins, poor 
in good things, unlucky in works pleasing to God, by name a 
priest, by deed a robbing wolf, entitled by two names, Nekoula 
son of David of the village of Kafr Houra, in the district 
of Tarablus. This is by command of the Priest, Joseph the 
Syrian, the Jacobite, of Damascus, surnamed "Golden/* God 
be gracious to him for it ! and guide him in the work of ex- 
position and of its meanings, and give him the reward of his 
labour with us, as He prescribed by His holy mouth, one 
thirty-fold, sixty-fold and a hundred-fold, and cause him to 
dwell eternally in the pleasant gardens, in the bosoms of the 
fathers, Abraham, Isaac^ and Jacob, and the rest of the saints. 
Amen. Amen. Amen. 

It was written in the fortress Damascus, in the house of the 
[above] mentioned father, the priest Joseph. 


Codices 'H oKTcty/Spiov B'. Ilpaft? t£>v ayimv fiapTvpayv Kvwpuipov xal 

A07* 'Ioi;<7Tti^9 : T^9 €7n(f}av€La^ tov Kvplov rjfi&v 'IiycroO ^piOTOV 

f. io8r ovpavoOev yepofievr)^ eh y^v koI t&v 'rrpo(f>r)TiKa>v TrXrjpayOivTcop 
Xiyfov, iraaa 17 vtt ovpavov iffxorio'dr) t^ \6y<p tov aforrjpo^' Kai 
irLOTevaavre^ eU Sebv iraripa ' Koi eh tov fiovoyevrj vlov ainov' tov 
Kvptov 'qfi&v ^Irjaovv Xptcrroi/' Koi eh to ay tov irvevfia i/SaTTTt^ovro' 
7rpo^€T€0i] Se KaiTi^ irapOevo^ ovofiaTt ^lovaTiva' AlSeaiov Trarpov 
Kai KXeiBovia^ firjTpo^' ev iroXei ^AvTio^eia ttj wpb^ Acu^i^i/* avrt) 
ffv oLKOvaaaa wapa TlpavXlov tivo^ hiaKovov' airo t^9 a-vveyyv^ 
OvpiSo^ tA fieyaXela tov Oeov. T-qv T€ evavOpdyjrrjo'tv tov afOTpjpo^ 
'^fi&v ^Irjaov Xpiarov' Tijv re t£>v 7rpo(f>r)T&v fcijpv^iv' teal ttjv ix 
irapOevov ^apia<; yevvtfaiv' Tijv re t&v M.nya)v wpo^iKvvrfaLv' koX 
Ttfv TOV atTTcpo^ <f>av€p(oa'iv' tijv T€ t&v arfyeXayv Bo^oXoyiav' Kai 
T&v Si avTov <n)fi€L(ov Kai TepaTcov Ta<i evepyeia^ * tijv t€ tov 
OTavpov SvvafuV Kai ttjv €k veKp&v dvatrratriv' tijv T€ toi^ 
/ladrjTah ifufxivrfaiv' Kai ttjv eh ovpavoif^ dvdkrjylnv' Kai t^i/ 
€K Se^i&v KaOeSpav' Kai Ttjv aKaToKvTov avTov /Sa^iXeiav' Tavra 
cLKOvaa^a 17 ouyia TrapOevo^ irapa tov SiaKovov Sia Trj<; OvpiSo^^' 
oifKCTt €<f>epev Ttjv tov ofyiov irvevfJuiTO^ Trvpaytriv' r)0€\r)(r€v Se 
oy^eatv o^Orjvai tc3 SiaKovep' Kai ov Swafiemj Xeyei wpo^ ttjv 
eavTt]^ firjTepa' "KKovtrov fwv M^rep rfj^ OvyaTpo^ troV ovhev 
elaiv' oh KaO^ rjfiepav irpo^Kvvovfiev elScoXot^' iK XlOodv Kai 
^vXoDv' Kai 'xpvo'ov Kai dpyvpov Kai otrreayv ^(0(ov rfpfioafievoi^^' 
oh e^v eireXOrf eh t&v yaXiXaiayv' avev ^^eipwi;' Xoyw fiovfp Toif^ 
irdvTa^ TpowovTai* 17 he to) KOfiirtp 7779 ^cXoKotrfua^ KeKaXvfifUvtf' 

* Cod. OrifUSos, ^ Cod. elpfiwrfUvoit, 

KynpiANOc kai 'Ioycti'na. 65 

fii] (fyijaiv 6 irarrip trov' fif) yv& TavTr)v aov rr^v iv0vfirj<riv' rj ik 
irpo^ avTtfv' yvdxrrov earto aoc M^rep fjLOv Kal tc5 €/ac5 irarpl* 
OTL iyw ^r)T& 'xpiarov hv SiA UpaOXiov tov yeirovo^^ e/iaOov' 
iirl TToXXat^ fffi€pai<i aKpotofievrj ra irepl avrov koX ovk ia-riv f. io8v 
Srepo^ 0609 iv cS Set** awdfjpat rffid^' /cat ravra elirovaa' dirrjec 
kavrfj Ta9 €\r)(a^ eKreKovaa toJ ©eoj* 17 he f^^^VP cL^Tfj<i' iwl t^<? 
/coLTTj^ atfTtj^ Tw AlSea-itp^ ravra SieadiyrfaeV dypvinnjadvrayp Be 
ain&v iirl rovrtp' ttoXl'? iJSu? avrol<i €7rrj\0€v v7rvo<i' dyyeXiKtj^ 
re avroh eweXOovarj^ OTrraaiaf;' opaxri \afnraSij(f)6pov^'^ irXelov^ fj 
ifcarov' Kal fiiaov rov ^ptarbv Xeyovra avrol<i' Aevre irpo^ fie 
Korfw /SaaiXeiav ovpav&v yapi^ofiac vfuv' Kal ravra IScbv 6 AlSe- 
<rLO<i • opOpov ySa^eo)? dpaard^: ' Xa/SoDV rrjv iiiav yvvaiKa Kal rrjv 
wapOevoV fjXOev etV to KVpiaKov afia r^ UpavXitp' Kal rj^iaya'av 
avrov 'irpo<iar^ayelv avrov<i rtp eiria-KOTrfp 'Oirrdr^ h Kal eiroirjo'ev' 
wpoinrea'ovre^ ovv rol<i wofrlv rov einaKoirov fi^itoaav rrjv ev 
Xpi<rrw tr^paylSa Xa/Setv 6 Be ovk eirio'Tevo'ev avroh Bi avro 
elvat avrov<; OprjaKevrd^ rS>v elB(oX(ov ew^ dv ffyyeCXav avrtS rrjv 
rov Xptarov oirraaiav Kal rrjv t^9 irapOevov iiriOvfuav 'O Be 
AlBeato^ direOprf^aro rd<i rpij(a^ ttj^ Ke<f>aXrj'; Kal rov TrdrfODvo^:' 
^v ydp iepeif^ r&v elBdiXrov' Kal irpoaireaovre^ rols rov ewLaKowov 
TToalv' Xafifidvovatv oi rpei^ rrjv ev Xpiara* a'<f>paylBa' ovro^ 
fiev ovv 6 UpavXioii d^i€t)0el<i rov iSaOfiov rov wpea^vrepiov eirl 
evLavrov Kal firjva^ e^' dveXvaev ev Xpca-rtp' 'H Be dyia wapOevo^ 
cvve^A^ dirrjei et? rov KvpiaKov oikov' *AyX(uo<i Be T/9 a^oXa^riKo^ 
evyevrj^^ r& yevei irXovaio^ a^oBpa' Xoifi6<i rot? rp6iroi<i irepl rrjv 
r&v elBwXayv^ irXdvrjv ' 6pa>v rrjv dylav irapOevov' ttvkvw dwiovaav 
el<i rov KvptaKOV ravrrjv epaadeU irpo^nrefiireraL avrfj Bid TrXei- 
crTcoj/ yvvaiK&v Kal dvBpcov alrovfievo^ avrrjv irpo^yafieiv rj Be 
dyia irapdevo^ irdvra^ dweXvev drtfid^ovaa Kal KaKoXoyovaa Kal 
Xeyovaa* iyw r^ 'xpiarta fiov fiefivrjarevfiai' 'O Be ovv dOpoiaa^ f. lOQr 
S')(Kovs TToWou?' eTnrrjpijaa^ avrrjv dirLOvaav el<: rov KvptaKov* 
rjfiovXero iSidaatrOaL' r&v Be fier aifrrj^ ovreov Kpavyfjv woirjadvrtov* 
fjKovaav oi ev rrj olxia avrrjv' Kal e^eXOovre^ ^lifyijpei^' d^dvrov<i 
airroif^ eiroirjaav' o Be ^ AyXdlo^ rfj irapOevtp eyKparrj^ avrrjv 

■ Cod. ytlrtavos. ^ Cod. Oeis. <^ Cod. Aldetrlfua. 

•* Cod. \afiiradi^6povs» • Cod. cjVyei'etj. ' Cod. €l56\urv. 


66 Kynpi^kNoc 

iyevcTO' 17 Se vedpt^ woirjaaaa ttjv iv 'xpiar^ a'(f}payiSa' ippi/^ 
avTov iwl Tr)v yrjv vtttiop' koI tu^ TrXeupA? avrov /cal rrjv S'^iP 
af^aviaaaa irirf/jbah' koi irepippij^aaa^ roif^ ^troii/a? avrov • dpi- 
afi/3ov avrov iwoifiaev' aKoXovdov wpd^cura rf} ScSaarKaXtp SixXa. 
Kal cLTT'^ei €t9 TOP KvpiaKov oIkov' 'O ik ^AyXdlo^ opyurdeX^' 
wpo^Xdev KxrrrptavQ) r^ Mayy* koX TdatreT^t avr^ Svo roKavra 
Xpva-lov /cat Svo dpyvpiov otto)? Sid Ttj^ /layeia^ avrov a/ypevarf 
rrjv dyiavirapOevov' ovk elSw 6 affkio^ dvLicrjrov eivai, rtfv Bvvafuv 
roif 'xpiarov' 6 Se Kvirpiavo^ CKaXeaev' iv rai^ fiayeia^^ avrov 
haipA}va^' he Salficov i\0ODV \iyei' ri fjue KCKXrjKa^; 6 Be 
KvTTptavo^ eiirev irpo^ avrov' kpa irapOivov r&v yaXiXaitov 6 
^AyXdio^' /cal el Bvvaaai avrrjv avr^ wapaa^elv dirarfyeCKov' 6 
Sc adXio^ a OVK el'^ev &<; €j(^a)v iwriyyelXaro irapaa^elv' \eyet 
avr(f) 6 Kinrpiavo*; elire rd epya aov outq)? inarevaw' Xeyei 6 
Baifiwv' dTTOcrrdrrj^ iyevofirjv ^eov' TreiOofievo^ r(p ifiA rrarpl' 
ovpavov<i irdpa^a' dyyiXov^i ef vyfrov^ Kareavpa' Ei/ai/ tfTrdrtfa'a' 
'ABdfjL wapaBeifrov Tpv(f}i]^ iareptfaa' Kat'v dBe\<f>OKr6vov eBiBa^a* 
yrjv aifiari ifiiava' dxdvOa^ Kal rpi^oXov^ Bl ifie ij yrj dvereiXep' 
p,OL')(eLa<i^ iyco iBiBa^a' elBeaXoXarpeiav TrapeaKcva^ra' /JU)<r)(p^ 
TToieiv rov \a6v iBiBa^a' trravpeoOrjvai rov xpiarov inre/SaXop' 
TToXec^ avveaetaa' reixv /carepptf^a' ravra irdvra Troiiycra?* 
f. 109 V ravrrj^ ttc!)? dBpavrjaai Bvva/iaf Be^ai otfv ro <f>dpfiaKov rovro' 
Kal pavov rov oIkov rij^ TrapOevov e^ayOev Kdyw hrekBiov rov 
irarpiKov fiov eTrdrfct) vovv Kal evOeto^ viraKovaerai trov, *H Be 
dyia irapOevo^i rpirrjv &pav rri<; vvKro^ dva<rrdaa' dweBiBov rifv 
ev^'qv r^ ^etZ' alfrOopAvrj Be rr)v opfirjv rov BaXfiovo^^ Kal ri^v 
TTvpcoaiv T&v v€<f>p&v TTpo? Tov cavrtj^ Be<rrr6rr)v dveyprjyopov rov 
vovv Bieyeipaaa. Kal rfj aravpoifioptp Bwdfjuet, irdv ro a&fui 
Karaa-<l)payiaafi€vr)' (fxovfi fieydXtj Xeyef 'O ©€09 • wavroKpdrmp' 
6 rov dryarrqrov aov iracBos 'IiycroO 'xpitrrov Hari^p' 'O Toi/* 
dvOpaywoKrovov 6(f)iv raprdptp /Svdta'af;' Kal roif^ i^toypTffievov^ 
vir avrov Biaawaa^' 6 rov ovpavov ravvaa^ Kal rtfv yrjv eBpdaa^' 
6 rov rjXiov BaBovxv<^o,^ /cal rtfv aeXrjvffv Xafiwpvva^' 6 irXdca^ 
rov avOpwirov €k rij^ 7rpo^o/ioi(0(rea)^^ eavr^* Kal r^ wava'6il>fp 

■ Cod. wepifr/i^aaa. ^ Cod. iaiiiuva passim, • Cod. /mmx^<* 

^ BcUfuopos passim, * Cod. tu¥, ' Cod. Tpoaof»oluatw. 

KAi 'loyCTINA. 67 

iraiBi aov dvaKOivtotrdfAePO^' Kai Oifiepo^ avrov iv r^ Tpvifitj rov 
wapaheiaov' iva SeoTro^r) t&v inro aov yevofievcov KTiarfiartov' 
awdrtf Be 2^60)9 TOVT€t)v i^opiaOevra' ovk a<l)rJKa<; dwpovoTjTov 
dWd StA T^9 (rravpo<l>6pov hvvdfi€(o<i dveKoXiaa) avrov laadfiet'O^ 
avTOv T(i rpav/JLara' Koi Sut rov 'xpiarov aov etV vyeiav ifravri'' 
ytvye^' Sc oi Koa/io^ 'n'€<f>d}TiaTai' koi iravra yivcoa/covai' ae top 
erri iravra SeoV OiXrjaov Kal vvv hi avrov awaai rrjp SovKrjp 
aov Kol firj dylraaOw /lov weipaafio^' aol ydp avvera^dfiijv trap- 
devevaai' Kal r& fiovoyevel'^ aov waiBi ^lijaov Xpt<7Tc5* xal ravra 
elirovaa Kal KaTaa<f>pa/yiaafieinf wdv ro adofia rfj rov ^piarov 
a<f>parytBi' iv€<l>varfa€v r<S ScU/jlovc^ Kal arifiov avrov direXvaev' 
6 Bk haififov dirrfKdev Karjiax^fi^ievo^i' Kal earrj Kara Trpoawirov 
KvTTpiavov' Kal Xiyei avr^ 6 Kv7rpLavo<;' irov iarip i<f>* ^v 
€7r€fiyjrd ae; m^ Kor^w ffypinrvif^aa' Kal av d)^ 6pm rjaroxv^^^' 
Kal 6 haifuov \ejei' firj fjue ipwra' elirelv aoi yap oif Svva/iai' f. nor 
€t&>i/® ydp n arjfj^lov Kai €(f)pi^a' 6 Sc Kv7rpiav6<: KarayeXdaa^ 
aifrov* irpoa^oDP rai^ fiar/eiai^' eKoXeaev la^vporepop haifiova. 
Kal ovrta^ Be ofioiu)^ Kavxd)fievo^^ Xeyct t^ Kvirpiav^. eyvfov Kal 
TTfv atfv Kekevaiv Kal rifv eKeivov dhpaveiav, Sto direaretXev 
/le 6 iranjp fiov htopOdHraaOai aov rr)v Xxnrqv' Se^ai roivvv 
ro <f>dpfiaKOv rovro Kal pdvop kvk\<p rov oIkov avrrj^' Kor/w 
wapayevofievo^ ireiao) avrrjv' 6 he KvTrpcavo^ Xafiwv ro <l>dpfiaKOv 
dirpec Kal eiroirjaev KaOws irpoaira^ev avrm 6 haififov, o he 
^aifjuov irapeyevero • 17 Se dyia irapdepo^ rrjv €Krrjv &pap • dwehihov 
rifv evxvv Xeyovaa ' M.eaovvKrtov e^eyeipofirjp' rov i^ofioXo- 
yelaOai^ aoi, eirl rd Kpifiara rfj^ StKatoavvrj^ aov' See reap oXcov 
Kal K vpie rod iXiov^. 6 rop Sid/SoXop KaraLayypa<i> 6 rrjp Ovaiap 
rov ^\/3paufi fieyaXvpa^' 6 rop B^X Karaarpe^jra^i' Kal rop 
Bpdxopra <f>opevaa^' Kal rov But rov Trtarov aov AapirjX rrjP 
rrj^ OeoTffro^ aov yp£>aip rol<; 3a^vX(Opiot^ ypeopiaa^' 6 But rov 
fJLOVoyevov^^ aov iraiio^ 'IiycroO Xpiarov' rd wdpra oiKOPOfirjaa^, 
6 rd irplp iaKoriafiepa {fxoriaa^' Kal ra pepeKpaofiepa fieXrf ^fi&p 
^(ooTTOii^aa^ €P dff>dapaLa' 6 rd 7rr(oj(d irXovriaa^^' Kal rd to5 
davnrip BeSe/MCPa Xvaa^' firj TrapiBj)^ fie irapdyte ^aaiXev' dXXd 

■ Cod. fxwoytv^. *• Cocl. SoI/jluvi passim, *" Cod. Xhov. ** Co(i. Ka.\rj(lnjLivo%. 

• Cod. ^{o/*oXo7^^tti. ' Cod. fWtfoyeyoO. « Cod. xXovn^as, 

68 KynpiANoc 

rijprjaov fiov ra fUXr) irpo^ rrjv ayveiav' aa/Searov fwv rrjv 
Xafiwdia Btarijfyqaov rfj^ irapOevca^' 7va avvei^eXdo) rw vvfu^iip 
fjLOV XpctTTiS' Kol ayvffv ttTroSaicro)* fjv wapeOov /loi irapaOrjicqv. 
OTL hC avTov KaX avv avT<p aot 17 So^a afi'i t^ ay^V irvevfuiTi, ei^ 
TOV<; alo)va<; twv aleovcav, afirfv' koX ravra ev^afievrj ical top 
aravpov Trotrjaafiivrj * i'n'erifiTfaev tcS ScUfiovi koI ari/iov avrov 

f. iiov dTreirefJAfrev 6 Se Karrfa^vfifiivo^^ i^^ oU i/cofnra^ev ava')((a)priaa^' 
ea-Tf) dirivavTL Kirrrptavov' 'O Be Kvwpiavo^ XeyeC irov eoTCV 
i<f>* fjv <r€ eirefiylra; Kai 6 SaificaV vevcKfj/Mai koX eiirelv ov Bvpafuii' 
elBov^ yap rt <n)fjL€iov koI €<l>pi^a' 'O Se Kmrptavo*; aTropprfdel^ 
€Kd\€<r€v laxvporepov Saifiova* top TraTcpa irdpTeap t&p htufiopfop 
KoX Xiyet aifTO)' Ti iaTtP 17 ToiavTrj dBpdpeia"^ vfi&p' pePLKfjTai 
irdaa fi hvvafiU aov' 'O he Baifiayp Xiyet* iyw apTi^ <toi, TavTtfP 
€Toifidaa)' fiopop av^ CTOifio^ yepov' 6 Be Kirrrpiapo^ Xeyec' tI to 
arjfielop ttj^ PLKr)<; aov ; Kal 6 BaifMOP eiTrep' Tapd^ct) avTtfP ip 
TTvpeTol^ Bta<f>6poi^ ' Koi €<f>iaT£> avTrj yi^G" i)yApa^ ?f ep p.€(T0vvKTi^. 
Kal €Toifidaa) aot avTrjp' 'O Bh Baifitop direXdayPf ipe^apttrOff Tji 
dyia irapOeptp ip (rxrjfJuiTi irapOepov' Kal Ka0iaa^ iirl Ttj^ kXlpij^' 
Xeyec ttj dyia tov 0eoO fcoprj' ^eXco Kor/o) <Ti]/jL€pop daicriaai fierd 
aov T6 ovp ia-TL to ewaOXop TTff; 7rap0€pia^ elire fioc ff Tt9 6 
fiiaOo^ ; TToXif yap opSt ae KaTaireiroprffiiprfp, 'H Be dyia 
irapOepo^ Xeyei tw Baifiovi' 6 fiep fiiado^ iroXv^' to Bk tiOXop 
oXiyop' KaX 6 Baificop €if>rj' Eva f/p ip tw irapaBeiatp Kal wapdipo^ 
rjp' Kal fiopff ffp avpoiKovaa to5 'ASa/x* elra^ Be 'rreiadelaa^ 
eTeKPoyoprjaep* ttjp ypoxrip t&p koX&p ev0v^ vireBe^aTO' Kal 
Koafio^ uTra^ T€T€Kva)Tac Bi auT^?* 'H Bi dyia irapOepo^ dpeartf 
iirl TO TTpo^ev^aaOai eTreiyofieprj B^ vtto tov Bai/iopo^ e^eXdeiP ttjp 
dvpav ' €7rt avpvoia<i * yepofieptj Kal Tapa')(j9ela'a trKfyoBpA^ • Kal 
ypovaa Tt9 eaTip 6 diraTtjaai aifTtjp oTrovBd^ayp' eairevBep iirl tA? 
ev'xa^' o-(f>payia'afi€prf Be eavTf)P to5 arjfieiw tov aTavpov' eie^vatjaep^ 
Tft) Baifiopc Kal aTifiop Kal tovtop aTreXvaep' rj Be fiiKpop eavrtfp 
aTTo TOV Tapd')(pv diroXa^ovaa eaTfj el^ irpoa-evxv^' fcal irapa- 

f. 1 1 1 r XP^H^ eiravaaTO avTYjs o TvpeTo^ eiirovar)^ ovto)^ ' Bo^a aoi HpiaTk 
6 Oebt; 6 Tot'9 VTTO tov dXXoTpiov KaTaBvpaaTevofiepov^ trd^aop Kal 

» Cod. d.To56<ru)<, ^ Cod. /carto'xt'MA^i'Of. ^ Cod. t8o¥, 

** Cod. dBpdvta. " Cod. dfyrrj. ' Cod. <roi, 

» Cod. cItoi'. ** Cod. wtaSiaa, * Cod. aoivolas. J Cod. iye^f^Aaeiffev, 

KAI 'loyCTINA. 69 

(fxoTaycoy&v irpo^ to 0€\r)fid aov tou? <70i;9 hovXov^ • o rat? a#CT?<rt 
T^9 SiKaioavvT}^ airoao^wv tov<; iv acapia crirXoOirra?* tA? ev^i^a?' 
/A^ So9^ viKr)0rjvai fxe viro tov aWorpiov KaOrjKwtrov ix rov i^ofiov 
aov ra^ trdpfca^ fiov' koX tS v6pL(p aov iXetjaov fie* fcal S09 So^av 
T^ ovofiari aov Kvpie el^ roif^ ai&va<;' afijjv 'O Be Balficov fier 
ala^vPTf^ 7roXX?;9 eve<f>dviaev^ tc5 Kirrrpiav^' 'O S^ irpo^ avrov 
KOI av ye aXrjO&f; eviKijOr)^^ vtto fiia<; TrapOevov rh oSv eari 17 
ivvafu^ avrf}^; 6 Be Sai/jLoyv X€7€f elirelv aoi ov ivvafiai* eliov^ 
yap Ti arffieiov koI e^pi^a* koX evOeto^ vTrexo>pV^^' ^^ ^^^ fiovXrj 
fjLaJBelv 6fict)a6v /loi kol Xiyct) aot' elTrev Be 6 Kirrrpiavo^* ri aoc 
ofioao); l(f>r) 6 BcU/icov rd^ ivvdfiei^ fwv tA? fieydXa^ tA? irapa- 
fxevovaa^ fioi* 6 Se Kvwpiavo^ Xeyei* fia tA? Swdfiei^ aov^ tA? 
fieynXa^ ovk diraXKaaaofiai aov 6 he haipxov Xiyei' elBov^ to 
arjfjLetov rov earavptofxevov Kal e^ptfa* rore X€7€i Kir7rpiai'09 • 
oifK otfv 6 earavpayfievo^ fiei^eov aov iariv; 6 haifitov Xiyec 
irdvTdDV fiei^cov iariv' oaa ycLp whe ifKavrfatoiJ^v koX Trpd^rofjuev 
dwoXafi/Sdvayfiev ' exei yap <l)ovpKe\o^ earlv x^^^^^^' ^^* irvpov- 
rat Kal riOera^ eh tov rivovra^ rov dftaprijaavTo^' tJtoi drfyekov 
fjroi dvdpcoTTOV Koi ovto)? iv poif^i^fiari^ rov Trvpo^ oi dyyeXoi tov 
iaravpctyfiivov' irpo^ to I3rjfia avrov dirdyovaiv avrov' 'O Be 
Kvwpiavo^ Xeyet* ovk oiv Kay (a ^t\o^ arrovBdao) yeveadai rov 
iaravp€t)fi€vov' iva firj eh roiavrrjv V7ro^i]0& Kpiaiv; Kal 6 
Saificov Xeyei* Tlficaad^ fioi Kal iwiopKeh^ ; eifyrf 6 Kinrpiavo^' 
aov Karawrvco* koI ra^ Svvdfiec^ aov^ ov <f>ol3ovfJLai' Bia yap rrj^ 
vvKro^ ireveiafiai rai^ eit)(ai^ Kal rah Seijaeai rrj^ TrapOevov Kal f. m v 
rrjv arjfieicaaiv rov iaravptofievov Oavfid^o)' St' fi<; Kayo) a<f>pa/Yi^(o 
ifiavrov dirora^dfievo^ aoi* Kal ravra eiirwv ia(f}pd/yia€v^ eavrov 
Xeycov ' Bo^a aoi Xpiare • Kal Xeyei rw Saifiovi ' Tropevov dir iyuov • 
€70) yhp ^rjrA rov XpiaroV 'O Se Saifiayv dirlec Karrfa^vfifievos:^ 
a^ipa' o hk Kvirpiavo^ Xafiii}v wdaa^ tA^ fieydXa^ ypa<f>€t^' 
drriOero veaviaKOL<i* Kal frapeyevero eh rov Kvpiaxov Kal irpos- 
Treawv roh rov /laKapiov ^AvOifiov iroalv Xeyei avr&* SoOXe rov 

■ Cod. auXXowraj. ^ Cod. bOn. "^ Cod. ivctpdyrfffey. 

•* Cod. iviK^Oeis. * Cod. IdQy. ^ Cod. ov. 

» Cod. tdw. ^ Cod. TivavTa. ' Cod. l>v^i^fiaTi. 

J Cod. i^iopKeis, ^ Cod. iatppdyj^atv, ' Cod. Kariffxvfipiipos. 

70 KynpiANdc 

evXoyrjfiivov Xpiarov' /3ov\o/jbai arrpareva'aaOac avri* tcaX iv- 
ravda ylverai et? ttjv fmrpLKa rrj^ arpareia^ avrov ' 6 Se ficucapio^ 
"Xvdifio^; vofiitra^' to fiijira)^ koX toI<: CKet Orfpevaai dirrj\0€P' 
\iyei avT£ dp/cov Kvwpiave rol^ efco i^eihov t^? iKKkrjaia^ rov 
Hpiarov' 6 Se Kirrrpiavo^ Xeyef TreTriarevfuic Koyw on dviKTfro^ 
itTTLV Sia yap rfj^ pvkto^ Tauny? Saifwva^ eire^y^a rfj arfia 
7rap0€v<p la^vpayrdTov^' kol tt) anfipcuylhi rov Xpiarov ivixTfaev 
avrov^ * iio he^cu ra jSi/SXia iv oU ra KaKk eiroiovv * koX Cfiirprjaop 
avra iv irvpX Koi ifie ikerjaov 6 Se ireia'deU' Ta^ /jlcv /3ifi\ov^ 
avTov €ve7rpr)(r€P' avrov Be evXoyijaa^ (WeKvaev elwdv ajrevSe, 
T€KV0Vf et9 Tov cvfCTijpiov oiKOV' 'O Sc KuTTpuivo^ uireXOwv €t9 TOV 
oIkov avrov' iravra fiev ra elScoXa avverpi'y^ev' hC okr)^ Be t^9 
vvKTo^ CKOTTTeTO cavTov Xejoyv' 7r£><; roXfirjao) ifufMViaffrjvai^ r^ 
irpoadyjrtp rov Xptarov' roaavra Kiuca Spdaa^' rj ww eOXoyijato 
avrov ev tc3 ovofiari fioV St ov KarrfpaadfjLrjv dvOpdyjrov^ d^iov^' 
eiriKaXovfievo^ Toif<: dKaOdprov^; Saifiova^ ; 0i]aa^ ovv r€<f>pav iirl 
rrjv yrjv CKetro Stct a-iyfj<;' tov deov air&v rov eXeov opffpov Si 
f. ii2r yevo/xevov aa^^drov fieydXov ovro^ dw^ei 6*9 rov Kvpiaxov ohcov 
xnrnydDV he irpo^vl^aro oSw Xeyayv Kvpte' el a^i6<; elfu Sovko^ aov 
tcXrfOrjvai reXeio^^* 809 fioL elaiovri el<i tov oIkov aov djcovaai 
KXr^BoviCfjiov Tivd tcov Oeicov ypa^&v eltrtovrt Be avr^' 6 vfivo- 
7pa^09 Aa^lS eXeyev* elBe^^ Kvpie firj TapaaKoirrjaei^' Kvpte /a^ 
dfroarr)^ att' ifiov* /cai wdXcv 6 ^Haata^' IBoif (rvvrftret o iral^ 
fjMV Kai irdXiv 6 Aa^iB' wpoe^Oaaav oi 6<l>0aXfioi fiov Trpo^ 6p6pov' 
TOV fieXeTciv tcl Xoyid aov' koi irdXiv 6 'H<7alfa9* M^ <f>ol3ov^ o 
7ra?9 fJLOv 'YaKw^' KaX o i^aTrrffievo^ ^laparjX hv eyo) i^eXe^dfitfv 
Koi 6 dwoaToXo^ Se* IlavXo^' Xpic7T09 »7/Aa9 i^tfyopa^rev €k t^9 
KaTapa^ tov vofiov yevofievo^ virep rjfi&v Kardpa' elra irdXiv 
Aa/SiB' Tt9 XaXijaei TA9 Bwaareia^ tov Kvpiov; d/covoTci^ wonjaet 
7ra<ra9 rct^ alveaet^^ avTov, eiTa 6 ifxoTia/ib^ tov evayyeXiov' 
eha Tf BaBovx^o, tov eTriCKOTrov' eha t&v KaTq^ovfiivtav Xoyo^* 
TTopeveadai ycLp tou9 KaTrj^ovfievov^i 6 BtaxovAv eTrefJHovei' 6 Be 
Kvirpcavo^ CKaOe^eTo' Xiyet avT& 6 'A<rTepi09 o Ata/coi/09* iropevov 
efft)* Xeyet avT^ 6 Kvirptavo^i' S0OX09 iyeyova^ tov eaTavpw" 

« Cod. inAf>wriaeri¥ai, »» Cod. rAtoj. •• Cod. Wet. •* Cod. ^ofiodfuu, 

• Sic in Cod. ' Cod. cU^aUen, » Cod. iyfytaya. 

KAI 'loyCTINA. 71 

fievov /cai efo) /a€ fidWci^' 6 Se AtuKOvo^ Xcyei* oinra) reKeio^;'' eZ* 
o he Kinrpiavo^ Xeyef ^jj 6 XptcrTo? fiov 6 rot'? ScUfiova^ Karata- 
X^vo,^' fcal TTfv irapdevov adtra^' kol yuk eKeijaa^i' ov fit) i^eXOo) 
ovTCD^' €1 fxif^ TcXeio^ yevoDfiat*' 'O Sk 'Atrrepto? dvTjyyeiXev r^ 
iino'/coTrq)' KoXetra^ ovv avrov o iiriaKOTO^;' koI dvaara^i Karii 
Tov POfiov fiera ird(rq<i aKpi/Seia^i' Xa/Soov i^wriaev avrov' tj} Se 
07S017 rj/iepa' UpoKijpv^ Kai dvayvdxrrrj^ koX i^ffyrjTrj^i rSyv 0€l<ov f. ii2v 
fivanjpiayv iyevero tov ^pcarov' .x^i/>t9 Be avr^ iTrrfKoKovOrjo'ev^' 
Karh irvevfJMTtov dKaOdprtov Kal irav irdOo^ Idro* iroXKov^ hi koX 
ix rrj^ T&v 'E\X?;i;a)i/ fiavia<; dirotrirda'a^ e/reKrev )(pi<rrtavov^ 
yevitrOai,' wXrjpaofievov^ Be rov evvavrov cvyKaOeBpo^ tov eTTt- • 
(TKoirov yeycovev' ef xal BcKa errj tov Bpovov tov Trpea/SvTepiov 
/caTa<r)(<ov' zeal 6 fiaxapio^ ^AvOifio^ air/KaXeo'dfievo^ irrLaKowov^ 
T&v Trepi^ TToXerov /cal dvaKoivctxrd fievo^ avTol<;' 7rapej(o>pV^^v 
avT^ TOV dpopov T^9 eTnaKOTTtj^' fiera he oXiya^ tffiepa^ 6 Hyio^ 
''AvOifio^; dvaXvaa*; ev ^pt<rT^, irapWeTO avT^ Ttfv iroifivrfv Kara- 
(TTaaiv T€ iroiTjo'dfievo^; irdtrav 6 /la/cdpio^ Kvwpiavo^ ev ttj tov 
%eov iKKXtftrla ttjv ay lav irapOevov hiaKovov irpoe/SdXXeTO • 
ovofidaa^; avTrjv ^lovoTivav, /xrjTepav t€ avTrjv tov ^Aa/crjTfjpiov^ 
eTToirjaev' ttoXXou? he kol aXXov^ ^i' {fxoTL^aDv t^ /Sitp fcal t^ 
X6y<p 6 fJLeya^ Kv7rptav6<;* Kal 7rpo^eT€0ei Trj iroifivrf tov X/3t<7ToO' 
*nt 17 ho^a Kol TO KpaTO^ vvv Kal del Kal eh Toif^ al&va^ t&v 
alwviov, dfirjv. 

■ Cod. WXioj. *» Cod. fu. " Cod. y^fofiai. 

* Cod. iiriKoXoOOfiaey. • Cod. wXrifHafUyovs, ' Cod. *AaTripiov, 

72 KYnpiANoc 

T^ avT^ Tffiepa : Maprvptov rov arfiov teal ivSo^ov lepofidpTvpo^ 
Kinrpiavov kol 'loucrrti/iy? del irapdivov 

*Tft)i/ TTpoifyrjTiKCJV ovp^ Xoycov^ TrXrfpovfievtDV 'tA ire pi rod 
2o)Ti7/909* rffjL&v ^Irjaov Xpiarov' *fcal ort ififieao)* rov airov 't^ 
BiKaioavvq^i &v €<f>v€i, ^i^dvia*''^ ^koI tov fiovov aypiov Xvkov* 
TTjv TToifivrfv Karavcfiofievov^ '"^ 6 ayio^ KinrpuLvo^ ^Si eTn<no\&v 
Trdvra^ SiopOovfievo^^* roif^^ fcara Trdaav iroXiv^^ aTrecTTra" 7r\a- 

V(OfJL€VOVS^ €K T^9 drjpa^ TOV \vfl€CJVO^^^ XvKOV 6 Sc ap')(^€fCafCO^ 

f» IIS** 8<f>i<; ^^Kol ^daKavo^^^ ^^deaadfievo^ rrjv rov dyiov eiriaKOTrov 
cnrovBfjp^ 77)9 7rto'T€0)9 koI on diroaira rov^ dir avTOv TrXavea- 
fievov^^ avOpdyrrov^'^* "vTro^aXXet^ Sia rtovihimv avrov irmfper&v'^ 
^Tw KOfiTjTi* T^9 avaToXrjf;' on Kinrpiavov 6 BiBdatcaXos r&v 
^lanavatv KaOcupei^^^ rrfv So^av r&v Oe&P' yotjTcvei ykp^'' 
irdmav* Hfia ^irapOevrp nvV^ koI avaauei} iraaav rfjp dvaroXifp^* 
Si eirKTToX&p ^Koi alviyfidTcop*^ *0 Se KOfiijs 0vfiov fieydXov^ 
irX'qo'delv ^KcXevci Bta t&p vTrrjperatp top ayiop Kirrrpiapop ifia 
rfj 7rap0€P<p Beafuov^; ip irdari da'<f>aX€La^ viraprrja'ai^ eh Ttfv 

^afUKTKOP' ^Kol TOVTCOP OVTCO^ 7rpOVa')(^9epT(DP €7r€pd}Ta^ 6 fCOfltfV 

Xiy€OP'^ Su el 6 SiBdaKaXov t&p ^lanap&p; 6 ^irore 7roXXou9 
irepia'xXvaa^i'^ rfj Svpdfiei ^rrj^ yorjreias tov ea-ravptofiepov ;^ 
^irdXip efuf>€pofJL€pov^ irdprav irepixXv^tap* KrfpvTTODP top ioTavpfo- 

■ Cod. ^Ti^dvicL ** Cod. KarajfcfuafAipovs. * Cod. irXavofUrovt* 

•* Cod. <nro6d-^u. * Cod. xXai^ofiiyovs. ' Cod. ihro/SdXXiy. 

* Cod. rj Ku>fii^Ti. ** Cod. KaB4pH. * Codd. dj'cur/ct. 
J Cod. iLff<f>akla. ^ Cod. e/u^^pw/x^you. 

* Acta Sanctorum Septembris Tom. VII. p. 242 seq. Ex bibliothecae Parisinae 
codice 520 collato cum cod. 1485. 

* om. 0^ ^ -\-vv¥ ' rC)v re X670V rod Kup/ou * ircpl rrjt awop&s 

* tCo¥ t€ l^il^a^ltav ir\rfOv¥OfjJyup xal tov XaoD ffKOpxil^ofjJvov, • rov rt \^kov ao^vrrot 
' TOV XpiffTov' * Tdrraj Si* iwicrToXQv di(ap0<a<rdfi€vos • om. rain '* + xal 
Xt^pair, iroXXoi>t ** dwiffTaaev ** om. Xvfxciavos " ^acrKabnav^ '* om. 
0€affdii€vot...i»BfMfrovt '* vHpa\€v Ei)roX/iiv, " iro^ciXc '^ di 
" Tiwl TopOhnfit ^^ •\- Kal Tijv olKovfi6nfjp ^ om. Kcd OLbnyftdrtaw ^ om. ^^€70X01; 
^ {;Tb d€fffioi>s Kal waaav dc^dXeiav tup dpx^Tiair iKiXewrew a^ovs dwafT^ai 
** npo€XS6yr as Si aCrroifS iip^rta (sic) ^ om. X^tav * iroKXods wori avvaOfioUras 

* TWK OfQif ; ^ Nufi di Sid ttjs rod iffTavptafUvov iiAif>alv(av dirdrqi ircpcirXi^fecf rds 
TfaTT ijfBpiinriav dKods, irpoKpltfuw rbv iffTavpiayuivov rCi)¥ dOavdT(a¥ OeCjv. 

>t>Va.*«w*>B<{/tiX^i- tut 



Cod. Sin. 497, f. 109 r 

72 KYnpiANoc 

T^ avTJj ^fiepa : Maprvpiov tov arfiov teal ivSo^ov lepofidpTvpo^ 
Kirrrpiavov teal 'loucrrti/iy? ael irapOevov 

*T&v TTpoifyrjTiK&v oiv^ Xoycov^ TrXrjpovfievcov *Ta irepl tov 
2ft)T^/909' ^fi&v ^Irjaov Xpiarov' *Kal on ififiiao)^ tov (tltov 't^ 
htKaioavvT}^ &v i^vei ^i^dvui^'^ ^xal tov fiovov aypiov Xvkov* 
TTfv TToifivrjv KaTaPCfiofievov^ '"^ 6 ayios Kvirpuivo^ ^Si eTnoTok&v 
irdvTa^ SiopOovfievo^^' Toif^^ fcaTci iraaav ttoKlv^^ airiaira^^ wXa- 
vmfiipovs^ ex t^9 Oijpa^ tov Xu/iewi/o?" \vkov 6 Be ap')(€KaKO^ 
f- IIS** 8if>L^ ^^Kal ISdaKavo^^^ ^^deaadfievo^ ttjv tov ayiov iintrKoirov 
cmrovhrfv^ T179 iriaTeto^ koI oti diroaira tov^ dir avTOv irXava}- 
fiivov^^ dvdponrov^'^^ ^'^xnro^aiXKei^ Sia T&vihiwv ainov innjpeT&v'^ 
^Tw KOfirjTi* T^9 dvaToXrj^' oTi Kirrrpiavo^ 6 BiBatTKoXo^; t&v 
')(pLaTiavtov KaOaipei^^^ ttjv So^av t&v Oe&v yot)T€V€i ykp^^ 
irdvTa^' &fjba ^^irapdivtp rti/t" koI dvaaeiei} iraa-av ttjp avaToX^p^^ 
Si iinaToX&v ^Koi cUviyfidTtov'^ 'O Se tcofirj^ 0vfiov fieydXov^ 
TrXTfaOel^; ^KeXevei Bia t&v virrjpeT&v tov ay lov Kvirpiavov ifia 
TTJ irapOivtp Sea/uovs iv irdari da<^aXeiq} vTravTrjaai^ el^ t^v 

dkafUKTKOV' ^KoX TOVTWV OVTCO^ TTpO^aX^^VTCOV €Tr€p(OTa^ 6 KOflff^ 

X&ywv^ Su eZ SiBda-xaXo^ t&v 'XpiaTiav&v ; 6 *7roT6 iroXXoif^ 
TrepiaxXvo'a^'^ Trj Svvdfiei *t^9 yorjTeiwi tov €(TTavp(Ofi€vov ;^ 
^irdXiv ifuf>€pofi€vov^ irdvTa^ TrepiKXv^tov KrfpvTTWv tov iaravpa}- 

* Cod. l^i^^dyi€L. ^ Cod. Karcufffuafii^ovs. * Cod. wXavofiii'ovs, 
•* Cod. ffTo6drjv. • Cod. xXavofiiyovs. ' Cod. inrofidWri, 

« Cod. TJ KihfitfTi. ** Cwl. KaB4pti. * Codd. dj'cur/ct. 

^ Cod. d(r0aX^a. '' Cod. €fi<f>alpiafi4vov. 

* Acta Sanctorum Septembris Tom. VII. p. 242 seq. Ex bibliothecae Parisinae 
codice 520 collato cum cod. 1485. 

* om. oCf ^ +VW ' Twv T€ X67«i' tov Kvplov * T€pl lijt ffwopas 

* tCov t€ l^il^aylujv ir\ji$vvofiivtcv KaX tov XaoD fFKopn^ofUvoVy • tov re \6kov aofiovvros 
^ tov XfKffTov' ® vdwrat di* iinaro\(av dicapffoMrdfieifos • om. Toift ^* + xai 
Xt^pay, iroXXoi>s " dT^ffwacrev ^* om. XvficCfvos *' paffKoivtav^ ** om. 
0€affdfA€vos...di^$punrovs '* ^W/8aXey EifToXfiL^j *• xaOeiXc '' 8^ 
'• tipI frapBhifiy ^^ +/tai t^v oIkov/j^tiv * om. Kal ah ly fjuiTtav ^ om. fieyaXov 
^ {fTb 8€fffjioi/s Kal ira<rav dc^dXciav twv dpx^vTUff iK^Xewrew aOToi/s diroi^r^ai 
** npocXSdvTas 8i ain-oin iipthrta (sic) ^ om. Xiyiav * iroXXoi>f iror^ <rvvaOpoUra% 

* tG>v Ocwif; ^ NuW Si 8id Trjs tov itrTavptafUvov iix<t>alv<j3v dirdrqi ircpcicXi^j'ecf tAi 
tG>v dvdfHbinap dKodt, TpoKf^tav Tbv icTavpiafUvov tCjp dBawdTW OeCaw. 

g-" •»;;»r i" •*»■•;»—» o |r»; 

Kv-irpiai-os «ai 'loiirn'ro 
Cod. Sin. 497, f. roy r 

kaI 'Ioycti'na. 73 

fiAvov teal Tov^ ar)TTi]Tovs Oeoi/^ ^BeKvTTOfievo^ ;^*0 Se* Kvirptavo^ 
Xiyei'^ 7rft)9 ^eavrbv avveaTTjaa^^ rcS KOfiirw ttj^ aXaforeta?'* 
^TrXovT&v rfi hia^oXiKfj fiayeia^'' tcayw yctp oi^Trep av i^ayyprj- 
(Tfievo^ ^fifjv^'* vTTo Tov oXXoTpLOV ^tcoL Ttj llWijvoyp <l>i\oao(l>ia 
eo'KOTi^ofiTfP''^ iroWou^ fiev dircKTeiva' iroWov^ Be *t^ iropvela'^ 
iBovXeoaa* ttXX' 6 XptcTTO? eatoaev fie* Sia rfj*; ayia^ 'irapOevov 
TavTT)^'' ^Xeyei avTO) 6 Ko/xi;?* ttw? ia-dyOrj^ Sia tPj^ irapOivov ; 
'O nyio^ Kinrpiapo^ Xiyet'^ * axoXaa-TiKO^ ris WyXatSrf^ ovofuiTi' 
ripdaOr) avrrj*;* koX firjhkv avvaa^* vofjjp riav ydfuayv alrovfievo^' 
iir ifi€ i\0wv ff^iwaiv fie rr) tov <f>CX,Tpov fiavia airoXaveiv avrfj** 
eyw Be dapp&v ral^ ^i^lkoL^ fiov rat? fiayixais ^'* direo'TeiXa avrrj 
haifiova* Koi rovrov Kar7i<T')(yvev^ ttjv Bvvafiiv rjj tov XpiOTOv 
Bvpdfiei'^^ "toOto Be Troiijaa^ ew? rplrov irefiy^a*; eiV avrrjv tov 
dp^ovra r&v Baifwpcov kol tovtov t^ arjfieitp tov earavpwfievov f. 113V 
dire^rfpavev' tov Be tov dp^om-a tS)v BaifwvaDV rjpwTTfaa opxiaa^^ 
avTov TOV aTavpov ttjv Bvvafiiv &<rre elirelv fioi ttjv Bvvafiiv tov 
(njfieiov' teal 6 Baifitav irXrjpovfievo^ viro drfyeXcjv dvqyyeiXev fioi 
diravTa' xal otl ovBev elaiv 01 Balfiove^^* dXXd Kaxia^ xal iravTO^ 
TTpdyfiaTO^ TTLKpov a7raT6ft)i/€9*'* Bid tovto Kal to irvp to' a2d}Vtov 
TfToifiaaTai, avTol^' Taina Be dxovaa^ irapd tov Baifiovo^* dvevffylra^ 
diro T^9 7rXai/i79* #cai" t^ irpo efiov eTnaKoirtp ^*^Av0LfKp' irpo^rfya' 
yov Ta^ fiayiKa^ ^iffXov^' /cai*- irapovTcov^^ Ttav irpwTwv tPj^ iroXem^ 
^^eveirpriaev aira? ttu/oL" "Sto irapaKaXSi aoi dircLSXayrivai^^ 77)9 

* Cod. dXa^yiaf. •' Cod. ^layia passim. ^ Codd. iiiuv. 

** Cod. TofOfla. * Cod. #rar(<rx»'>'«». ^ Cod. wpn-fyras, 

" Cod. dcUfitai^ci passi/zi. '' Cod. diraratu^i^ef. ' Cod. rQ. J Cod. iviifi\//a. 

' ayios - +'^i> Si cliri {sit) fioi ' ^ roX/u^f iavrbv avvurrqM * koX t^% 

dtapoXucrjt fAcuflat: 'E->w yiip irpuniv <S(rr€p xal <rv ffi^fX€pov, lifirpf i^ioyfnifiipos {sic) 
^ T^ ff<Hf>iqL rCjv'EWriiKav iffKorifffUvos. *^ kclL iropycuety iSlda^a* 'AXXd yOv iawri 

fi€ 6 Xpiarbs " roiViyj TapSivov. * om, \iyti...\iy€i. ® "^KoXaariKbs 

ydp r(t« dydfiari 'AyXatdoi^ 6 tov KXavdiov^ ipoffBdi airrrji kox T(p vopup fpf dxrwaf^bpLtPos 
ydfiovt Kcd firidiv dvOaat wp6s fie iXffiov i^iwti fu ttjs tov <pi\Tpov fituflai eirairoXou/ety 
tturj. ^^ (T€fi\l/a SalfMva wpdi ainrijv' Kai tovtov i^i^paye rj cr^ppaylhi {sir) tw 

XpiffTOv. " 'AXXa Kal io)s TpiTov dpxovriKOv SalfAovas iT€fi\f/a^ xal tovtovs 

KaT^iTTpuxre Tip aCtTip arififlip. 'E7U; di €(rro^>daaa /xaBfiv t^v tov ai^/xciov AiVa/Luy, iroXXd 
opxlaat Tbv dalfxova' Kcd 6 daifiuv vv6 d77^Xwi» fiacrTiyutBels irdtrra fioi dtr^eikep. 
T6t€ 4yu) dvairff}f/ai ** TpocayayJiv /jlov tAj /:J«/3Xoit, *' + xal ^* fWir/x<ra {sic) 

iv wvpi. '^ Aid Kal <r€ wapaKaXC) dvoarrjvai 

G. K 

74 KYTipiANOC 

T&v el^Xcop fiavia^' xal ^€l^\0€v et? oIkov Seov*^ ^ev <^ rj 
Tpia^^ So^d^erai koX t6t€ yvcoap'' rijv ^Bvvafiiv tov X/^^cttov.' o 
Bk KOfifj^ ^irXrjadel^ dvfiov koX opyr}^** ikejxofievo^ viro '^rov. Ihiov 
c^ul/€tSoT09^" iKcXevaev "roi' ayiayraTOP iirCaKOTTOP Kpe/jLaaOipra'^ 
^€€a0ai' TTjv Se nyiav irapOipov ^ofioito^ l3ovP€vpoi^ rvTrrea'dai 
Karivavrt' aXKrfKoDV' 'H he irapOevos Xeyet'^ Bo^a aoi 'X/omtt^ o 
TTfv^ ava^iav fie oiaav ^^koX to irplv ^ivrjv^^ olKciaxrd^ fie^^ irpo^ to 
crov" OeKfjfjui' koI ^ftcoo-a^** virep tov ovofuiTO^ aov TUTrrea'dai'^* 
T&v Se BijfKOp^^ aTovrfcavTcov ^^vfivovatf^ Ttj^ dyla^ irapOevov^^ tov 
%€ov' ixevXevaep ^'^avToif^ 6 ffyefioiv Travaaadai* iirl TrXelov Se 
TOV dyiov Kinrpiavov^"^ ^eofievov **oiS* o\a)^ rjaOeTo t&v /Saadvwv' 
Kol \eyei tc3 KOfirjTi' Bid rt" dirovevorjacu diroaTdTq^ cJi;*'** 
©€oS* KoX BpaireTf)^ t^9* ikirlBo^ avTOv*^ eyo) Be ^onrovBd^o} 
Bid T&v ^acdvcov tovtosv KaTa^itoOrjvai tt)^ ^curiKeia^ t&v 
ovpav&v* wv oirep pAya p^i ^^a/^tfet*^* 6 Be KOfifj^^ ovk^ eiravaaTO 
f. ii4r r&v fiacdvwv elirojv' ff^ ^aaikeiav^ ovpav&v **;^a/9tfo/uw aoi 
irXeiaxriv^ V7rol3\ff0rja'ff^ ^aadvoi^* /cat etcevXevaev avTov tcaO- 
aipeOevTa ^iv.Tf) <l>v\aKfj fi\r)drjvai'^ ttjv Be fiaKapiav^ irapdevov 
^ev T§ oiKia TepaTivTff; exeXevaev Tr^peiaOai* koX^ el^eXOovarj^^ 
avTTJ^ €49 TTJV oiKiav €<f>(OTia'0fj ^fi olfcia^ ')(dpiTi tov \pi(rTOV' 
fi€Td Be oXiya^ r)p,epa^' exeXevaev 6 KOfirj^ irpiaxOrjvai^ aifTOV^' 
/cat Xeye^ t& fiaxapifp^ Kvwpiav^' fiif Tp'* dirdTTj koi fuvyeia 
TOV davevTO^^ dvOpdirov eavToif^ ^0€\eT€ diraTav;^ o Be fiaKdpu^ 

• Cod. yvuffd ^ Cod. awriddros. ^ Cod. 6p. 

** Cod. Ck. • Cod. {nrop\rj$rj<ri. 

* i\$€ip €lt r^p di^op TOV dfoOf ^ 6tov 6 dXrfdivbs Bcbs cOffcpQs koI iXriBwt 

* dvlicriTov TOV XfM-Tov Mpafiiw. * 6pyur0€ls Bvfxtf *T^f olKclas avweiSi/ftreun 

' oMk KpcfMLffSijvai Kul ^ (bfioTt d4pfiaai fioffTl^ffOax Kar dfufna ^ Ijf^aro 

\iyety' * 6 Bebi Sri ^^ om. Kal...^^priif ** om. /*€ " <rou 

*' Kara^luffas /le ^* raOra iradciy. ** Srifdup *• Kal r^ dylas hiiModarfi 

'^ Ta^axrOai ainobt. Tov ^k dyiov Kt/irpcavoO M irXedp {sic) *' odikv i^p6m^€V 

S\tin, Aiyei irpbi airrbp 6 Kdfxrfs' Aid ri dToveydtfaai. '0 di fMKdpiot Kvwpuufbs X^i 
Tpbia&rbp' 2i> *• +tov. ^ els Xpurrbp irUrreott. '' inr* adroO iwiyufta- 

ffKbfievos €ls ripf pcuriXelap tujp ovpavifiv <ft$affai (rxouddfa;, fpa Kara^iM$& did rtop 
poffdyutp TO&Ttav ixkrirxjup tup aluvltap dyaBOv. ** ripavpoi, ** E^ '* + 90i 

** reptroioD/iat, iiil^ooiP '-* ^XjiBr^pat. ip tJ ^uXcuc^ ^ dylop * els rd 

Tcp€PTlov wpoffiTai^ep clrcu. *• + ^ ** xaf 6 oihcos oAtov rj •* TfioaaxB^POi 

" om. itaxapUfi ^ om. rj '* TeBpriK&ros * dxoKT€ipat BeXi/jariTe, 

KAI *l0YCTINA. 75 

Kirrrpiavo^; \eyet ^rw KofirjTi'^ "tov ddvarop <rv iroOch xal 
Tfjv aldviov KoXaaiv irepiirotriacw^ 'd he^ KOfitf^^* ixiXevaep 
nfyavov^ irvpcodrjvai koI fi\rf0rjvai iv avT<^ iriaaav */cal ariap 
KaX Kfipiov*^ fcal ^iv avr^^ I3\r)0rjvai* rbv ftaxfipiop^' afia rfj 
7rap0€v<p* ^CKiXevaev Be top ayiou irp&Tov ^rf0rjvai^' ^xal 
€t9€Xdoi/T09 Tov dyiov KiTirpiavov iv ri) Tqydvtp'^'* ovx ^"^aro 
avT^^^ TO irifp' "/cat exiXevaev koX tt^v dyiap ip,pKr)0rivai,' teal 
irXrfaida'aa'a rtp rrfydv^ eoTrj* 6 yap dpx^fcaKO^ Sta^oXo?" 
SciKiav^ avTTjv^^ irrri^aXeV KaV^ Xeyec avrtf o ay lo^^* KvTTpiavb^;' 
hevpo^ ^^i} SouXi;" tov Xpto-ToO* 77 **tov9 Saifiopa^ ^rfp/ipaaa tcaV* 
Tct^ irvXa^ Ttov ovpav&v fwi dvea^^aaa^^ /cat" ttjp So^av tov 
XptcTTOv* ''ttco^ pvv vtto K€VTpov TOV oXXoTpLOv eSetXiacTa^*^ ,* ** 
17 Sk ^To^ TOV aTavpov arjfjLeiov^ 7roi7Jaa(Ta iire^fj iv-^ tcu 
TTfydvfp' KaX fjaav a/jL(f>6T€poi ^ dr/aXXcofievoi o)? iv Tp hpoata tov 
'Kpfioov'^ ft)9 eiTrclv tov fiaKapiov Kvirpiavov' So^a iv vyjriaT0i<; 
0€o5 Kol iirl yrjf; elpijvrfy iv dv0p<i>7roi<; evhoKia'^ evx^ptaTw trot 
**o ^€09 iravTOKpdTwp^ KOI Kvpi€ TOV iXiov^' OTi Ttfv Kpiaiv^ 
TavTTfv virep tov ovo/juito^ aov^irdaxtofiev' koI vvv cvxO'Pi'O'TOVfiiv f.ii4v 
(Toi iva TTfv 0va'iav t^9 KapTrdxrew^;^ '^/jlwv tuvt^v 6a<f>pav0€l^ eh 
oafifjv evtoSia^' Koi TavTa aKOvaa^^ 6 KOfirj^ elireV iyoD ^Biit 
fiaadvcov i^evpto^ Ttfv TC'xyrfv Trj^ fiayela^^ vfitav'^ *A0avda-io^ Si 
Tt9 avyKoOehpo^^ avTov^ Xiyei ''t^ KOfirfTi*^^ ^el KcXcva fi€ 17 

* Cod. Kutfiris. •* Cod. rlyat'ov. " Cod. airrb. 
•* Cod. Tiydyu. • Cod. drjKi^av. ' Cod. deCpu). 

• Cod. iSriXloiraf. *• Cod. tw. ' Cotl. Kapx6<r€UK. J Cod. fiaylas. 

* om. r<J» KdfirjTi * Ovtos 6 ddvarot rois iroBownv aiVrof al<aAov {sic) ^io^v 

TepiTtHeirai. * T&re b * +<n'i'i'ouf yeyb/xevot * K-^pLop xal criap, 

• pfKifi^ai iv airrt} ' -\-Kvirpiavbv. ® om. ficAei;<rei'.../3Xi7^^i'cu • rw tk 

/AOJcaptov ifip\Tid4fT0i *" a^bv ^* riji Si iylas wapBivov iXScOffrfs iyyifS^ 6 

fAtabKoKos daifiuv '* om. avriiv ** T6t€ " fiaxdipioi ** /am ij d/irdf 

'• om.Toifs...Kal ^^ dt^ol^aura ** + bel^acrd fioi '• if rods SalfiOf as viKi^aaat 

Kal rbp Apxovra abrdv els oiiiv ijyrfffafjiiinj r^ ffTavpwpbpi^) hvvdfin tov Xpurrov. 
^ rbp aravpbp iirl tov aufjMTos ** om. ip ^ dvaTavb/jiepoi (in iwl Spbeov^ 

••» +TOW 7dp biafibXov iKweffbPTOS ix tCjp o^popiap tA (nJ/uTovro elpi^prfs T€w\i^piaTat. 
Xpurrbs ydp i\0u>p iwl ttjs yrjs Tbp Hid^oXop iTportixraTOy koU tj ffTavpo<p6p<fi dvpdfAti 
T6r xbcfiop (pKT€lpri<r€P. ^ib ** ^e^ '** KbXaeip * ^/creXu), xal 

xapaKoKQ <r€ tpa ras Bwrias r)p.QfP 6<j<f>pap$€ls Tpocrdi^'ff €ls 6(rfi^p €vo)6las. 'AxoOcas di 
'^ ci^fiepop i\iy^(o itfiaSy Kal •* + iKwofiTcOffU). ** +u;i' •** + Kal 0IXof, 

iepeds 5i wpwTOS, '* avT(f *•* xeXf/cit fie i) dperii <rov iirl Tip ^pacp.^ tov 

Ttjydpov (TTTJpai 

76 KynpiANOc 

vfi€T€pa dperi) (rrrjvai iirl rov Trjynvov'' KorfO)'^ eirl rw opoftari 
T<Sv 0f(wi/'* viKijaco ^avTov^' Koi^ ttjv pofii^o^jievrjv avTol^^ Bvva/uv 
Tov \pi<rTov' KoX iirirpe^ev 6 KOfir)^ to5 ^AOavaaitp ^TrapaaTTJvai 
Tft> rrjydvcp' Kai Xeyei oStco?** Meya*:^ 6 ^0€O^ '\ipaK\rj<;^' koX 6 
irarrfp rwv 0€wv 'Ao'/cXi;7rto9*' o rrjp vyUiav^^ toI^ avOpayrroi^ 
Trapexofiepo^''^ koI ^ip tc3 Trpo^eyyiaaL avrov iv tc5 fipaafnZ tov 
TTVpo^' eifOio)^ KareKvpievaev avrov to irvp^ KaX r/ yaa-Ttjp axnov 
Stepfxtyq' Koi tcl onrXayxya avTov i^€j(^u0rfaap'^ "6 Be fjuixapio^ 
"^1/ afuofjio^'^^ avp TJi irapdipfp Bo^daovTC^^^ top ^eop' "/cat iBi}v 6 
KOfiri^i Ta y€vofi€Pa \eyei' oi/tq)?" T«;^a. apiKrjro^ eaTiP t) ovvafu^ 

TOV ^pKTTOV' "ovSeV flOl flcXei^' €49 Tl^* TOP i€p€a "toi' iflOP 

^iKov^^ aircKTeipep' "/cai ixaXeaep^^ TepepTcvop top a vyy epfj avTOV' 
^^Kol Xiyei avT<L*^' tL ^^Troiijatofiep tou? KUKOipyov^ toi/toi;?;" 
Xeyei avT^ 6 Tepepripo^;' fitfBep aoi 7rpo9 Toif*; ayiov^ toi;toi;9'" 
dviKrjTO^ yap iaTip ^17 Bvpafii^^ rwp ^KTTiapwp* dWd irapn- 
irefi'^op aifTov<; tc5 ^aaikel BrjXdop tcl KaT avTov^' o B\ KOfirj^ 
eypay^ep^^ dva<f>opdp ^tc3 ^aaiXel Aiok\t]tuip^' exovaap top 
Tvirop TOVTOp'^ KXavBltp Kaiaapi t^ fieyiaTtp^ 7^9 /cat OaXda- 
arj^' ^Kal irapTo^ €0vov^^ BeairoTTj' AioKXrjTiap^ 'xaipeip* Kara 
TOP Oetifiop TTJf; l3aaiX€La<; aov' avpeXdfiopep'^ Kvirpiapop^ BiBd- 
(TKoXop TftJi/ 'XptaTiavdip* ctfia irapOiptfi tlpl^ ip Trj WparoXfj /cal^ 
f. ii5r Bia TftJj/ vTrofipijfiaTdDP ypciap^' Trdcrot?*' ^aadpoi^ */cal aiKia/JLol^ 
Ka6v7ro/3Xij0rja'ap' Bio pvp hrefiy^a avTov<; tc3 aot KpdTCi'^ 6 
Be BaaiXev^ ^Be^afiipo^ ttjp dpa<^opdp KaX^^ iyKv^^a^ ^toI^ viro- 

* Tiy6^ov. *' Cod. Btun 'H/Mx/cXets. '^ Cod. *A<rA:\^toj. 

^ Cixl. vylaat. • Cod. fifXi;. ^ Cod. yvioaik. 

* +/ceU ^ om. avToin kcu ^ om. aiVroit ** koX 6 ' AOatfdaiot, 'wpoC€\9(i)v 

ry Ti77(ii'<^, X^7€t • * + el • vytiav ' ira/>^aw ^ raOra elwdv, 

KoX h6pov irpoff€Yt^<^^^ ^V ^pcurfif tov nfydvov KareKvprn^Ori virb rod irvphst ' iyvfi- 

¥(i)Brj<ra¥ ** +Ked tA dara (sic) a^rov ditawapdxSrjaayf xal H^fx^^tiaaLif ' 

*• KwpiOMbt Afuafios ifietpe *- So^dj^av '^ Tdre dy4KfHi^€» 6 Kdfirjs Xfywr* 

^* Toino ^ fUfPov lUXti. /u<x 5rt *^ Kai fidvov 6vra ^\op fiov '^ KaX^craf o^p 

^' \iy€i *' irotijorw rots /caicoi//>70(S roi^rotf ^* +/tt:7 5^ drrlwirrt rf dXiT^e^, 

** 6 ^ed» ** 7/)d^t ''^ rwai'Ti;!' ^ om. fuylffrtp ^ om. /toi xorrdi 

iBpovt * avpika^op '^ ^tov ^ om. riyi *•''' wj '•* ort rwrathcus 

** inrop\ri$ipT€s oiV iT€Ur0rfa<iP ' 81' 6 t(} a(f Kpdrei toOtovs dpiircfixf^a. '' om. 

8€^dfiepos...Kai ^ relit CKpufloit, Koi tch ftaodvovs rov pLUKaplov Bavfidaaft iXoyUraro 

fierd tQp 0iXwr {sic) ai>Tou xal \iy€i' KvTf^avbi 6 r^f 'Apriox^ias 8t8dffKa\oti Kai ij 
TOLpBipot 'Iou0-r£ya, €K\€^fitvoi 

KAi Ioycti'na. ^^ 

yisVTiyjKTiv* fcal xarafiaOcDv ra^ fiaanvov^ tcop fxaKapitoV koX 
Oavfidaa^' iK€\€U<r€v Xeycop' Kvirpiavop ^ ApTiox^a koI BiSda-Kokov 
rdov "x^pia-Tiapoip teal irapOepop ^Xovaripap CKXe^afiipov^^ rrjp 
fjMTcUap aipeaip t(op ')^piaTiap(ip' koI irapaXeLiropra^^ to ^rjp' 
^KoX TT)i' iTTidv/uav Tov OapaTov ayairijaaPTa^* KeXevto tovtov^ 
TTjp hia TOV ^i<f>ov^ V7ro^\rj0f]pai TifKapiap'^ ^ a7rayofi€P€OP Be 
TOV iiyicoTaTov iirt^aKoirov K virpiavov koi t^9 fiaKap[a<; ^lovaTipa^ ' 
inl TO d7roK€<l>a\i(T6i]pai KaTapT7]<raPT€^ iroTafi^ tipi rdXKcp viro 
TTJP fiTfTpoTToXip NiKOfirfBeia^' fiaxpap Bi€opiap alTTftrdfiepoi^ tov 
irpo^cv^aaOai' *Kal €<^' Ikupop irpofiev^dfiepoi- xal fiprffiopevaa^; 
6 (irfLQf; KvTTpLapo^ twp BovKtop tov ^€ov* KaX iroiijaa^ ttjp ip 
\pLaT(p a<l>paylBa' aTijaa^ e/c Seftwi/ Ttfp irapOipop' irapefcdXeaev 
Tot>9 Brffuov^ TTpcoTOP avTTjp TcXeicodfjpat firj irm BeiXidajf^** koI 
TovTov y€POfi€pov '^iBo^aacp top ^eop'^ 6 ayio^^ Kvwpiavo^;'' 
^eoKTiaTO^ Be Tt9 ^^ip^ofiepo^; diro diroBrffiia^ koX deaadfiepo^* 
TOP ay LOP Kvirpiapop' ^ot>^ ffp avPKaOeBpo^ tov irapapofiov ^aai- 
Xeft)9** iKiXeva-cp ^^avrop irapaxprj fia diroTfJLTfdfjpai' Koi ovtco^ 
ip elpr/PT) Bo^d^top koX aipdp^ top Scop direTfirjOr) [o] ayio^ Ku- 
irpiapo^' Kol eKcXevaep to, Tifua avTop adfiaTa kvcIp fiopa^ 
piif^rjpat' Kal oi/TO)? eVl TrXetVra? r^fiipa^ iTeOrjaap Ta awfiaTa 
TOfp dyiayp irX-qaiop tov iroTafiov* fitjBepi avT&p ay^afi€P(op, 
irXaaTiKol Be Tti/€9*" ttio'toI uKovaapTc^ "tov? dyiov^ reXeico- 
0€PTa^ Kill 6pTa<i 6fio<l>vXov^ avT&p *V(OfiaLov<;' irapayepo/jiepoL^ f. 115V 

■ Ccxl. deiXidfffi. '• Cod. alvov. *" Cod. fiopp^. ** Cod. wapayfydfifvoi. 

* Trapa\iTo¥T€s '^ rbv Bibv avrCiv vpo€Tlfxrf<raifj r^ dia ^i<povt Tifjuapiav iirepex- 

Bijvai. ^ *Aw€»exB^*''''U)y di avrQy iirl rbv Torafibv rdWov iv t'Q 'SiKOfArfdhnf 

TbXett fuKpbM diopiav (sic) iiri\<ravro * koX iiv7i<rdrjvai r(a» Karb. Kbafxov iKK\ri<rtQ» 

Kcd frdvrtav rOtv vLarOiVy koX r))v iv Kvpii^ Toii^as (r<f>payiba (sir) b ayios Kvwpiavbt, 
iK b€^iu)P Xa^wp TTjv llapOivoi'f Tpb oi'toO rtXcitoBr^vai i)^/oi'. * €l'W€v ® fiaxdpios 

' +A6^o <rot XpiffTf. ^ btapaUvuv t-^ dTobrj/xlas ii<rTdffaTo • ^ovXcavbs 9i 

b (TvyKaBibpot . . . ^^ ain-wv €ls ^oppav {sic) rots kk^cI piiff^vai. WpoKeitiivtav bk avriav 

iwl woXXai r)ix4pas rots aifxcj^bpoiSf vavrai rivet 'Pufidioi " Sri irepereXtiwdTg (sic) b 

ayios KvirpiavbSf uv avroh bfxbifniXos 'Vcjfialoity (^ '}}fjJpas rrapafielvayreif Kal Tdm-as roifS 
^vXda<rovrai Xadbvns, iXafiov ra Xelrpaka <rbv roii wapaxBeiffiv vTOfUfi^fuiai ' Kcd 
dvax<i>P^CkyTes iKeiBev dvi^-qcav iv vXoii^ koI iirav^^av iv 'Ptijuij, KOfii^ovra bu/pov 
rifuov rd X€i\f/ava. Kal vpoai^yayov aCrd rivi 'Vov^pLvig fxarpwv-g y4vovs Kafia^ov, ijris 
Xa^ovaa rd Xiirpava iBero iv rbwif} iinai^fKf), iv (^ vdvret <h ffvvepxbfievoi idffiis 
Xa/jpavovres bo^d^iHTi Bcbv. ^ErpaxBri bi raura iv vtraBflqi (sic) AioKXrfriavov iv rjj 
iTufHiveirdrij (sic) 'SiKOfirjbeli;^, KaB' ijfid% bi 

78 KynptANoc kai 'loycTiNaL. 

Kal trapaftelvavTef $f ^fiipas ical 8{ vvterat Kai Xadovre? n-oin-a; 
rovt •ntpovmat' ri rmv KaXKiviKoyv trafuiTa' roiav-ni vitrrei 
anetXatiro*' uvep j(pvaiov koX Xidow rt/^t'ovf* teal a-neKofuaav*' 
airra iv -rp PtiSfirf B^pov TToKvrtKe^ ayiov t^ iroXet ai/aypa- 
^d/ievof Koi tA t?9 a0\.^iTtw aiirmv vwo/ii/ij/iaro- ri Se 
trtoftaTa twh dyluv Pou^tW Tt? «»( Marpmi^" iriVToriiTou 7(1/01^ 
inriipj(pua-at xal viivu <f>o^o\ifi€V(u rov HeoV Xafiovtrai avra fxeT& 
Xapdi TToXktj'i icaX a^a\Kinaeiit>i' koi ■iroi^aafTat a^iap rwv ayiay 
}AapTvpa)P oIkov' KaTtOevro avrd iv rovifi xaXovfiti'ip K\ai<j>6pm' 
Hiuov T^? iroXetD? Poj/it;; • ev e-ntdTip.^ tott^ ' ii ov iravrt^ 
ot vwep')(pfievai T019 riftioi^ avr^v Xee^afOtt' ra? idaeK Xaftfia- 
vovaiv diro TravTo? tt'I^oiw" Sofiifocres Kal aipovvT€^ tov <]>i\tif- 
Bpcawov Heov koX ewx«pw"Tous vfivovv dfatteftvovrtt roU dymi' 
Tavra i^rpdj^ffijaav' iirl AiOKXijriavov Kal Mofi^ow Tmi' irapa- 
pofuov ^aa-pUfop 4v t^ TrepupavearriTj} N(«o/«jSe'aii' firiTpviroXei' 
irpi) TetTcrdptav KaXdv&av 'OKTotfipi^ fi'' Kara 5e ij/*a?" fiaaiKev- 
ovTOs rov ^vpLov TifiMv Iijooi) "Kpitrrov" f! ^ £ofa Kai to Kparof 
'I'vv Kal del Ka'i' oV toot al&va^ ro.v aiwvtov' 'A/*iJc. 


Page I, line 17, for U^k-J^ i^i.h.. 4 read \\^n\^ unit < 
^ n 3. for W« /-^^^ W< 

I • , „ 12, perhaps we should read C»^»^ as in Cod. 
I •» n i5> /''' LA«i read jLfjt^ 


aU-'*^ jd^t Lei ty^fi!*^ U^ JXJt JJS> JJi^j v'^i!^^ ^^ 
j^t ^\ ^jJUl ^^jJ!^ o^*^!^ v*^! a3U^ Ail^ ^ ^>MJt 
Ifi-^!^ Ai,^^ 0-* V«^b Jyy'^ ^r-^fiJ^W A5t3 v»::*»^ »>**' J^^*^' 
f. 150a ^3 J*i^ -^ly jyyt JUfr vj-ihJ 0» ^W-J< ,J< UJ»^ Uw^J 5 

G. I I 

C.fUg j3 a;U 2l;^,»J jLi}^t JLikiU) Oii^t JLZ, 
5 v-iH»^ i^« J^ *)>5 ,^<y» ^ iU JJ31 ^ ,^jJW« A»-»« f. 148b 
jL..! JUi Jl^aJI ^ w>J1 J-iJLe 0^>^ ...JU o^< v>* '-•t^ 

10 0>J-!~:J ^ CHJJ' CH^ J^»^< ^-fl^b 1^^*^' 0*WV>< ^« 
15 ^'^< «>-^ J^^ ^H^ jAjJt c^j-^ U ^^\ j^\ Ui ^UhOI 

20 ^\ UA^Mb 0^^^*^^ UvJLJ ili uLmJW Uti^^ V>-V >-b f- '49b 
^> t^JLit^^ ,^^ 5jL».t^ ^U U^Vt cr^jJUt ^ JUI^ o^t 

U-J1 ^1 tyiij^ 1>iv^ Jj^^^ >^ *^ '*'^-*---5 Wt^J W-b 
^•^ ^.M^t ^>-^1 Ua*^!^ Wj W ^ >^3 J^-!^ 0<^^ Wj^ 

' Cod. 1-.^ '^ Cod. \iM^Ki 

CJU ^i lv«^j lib jyyi *^j ^.Wi >jJ»35 A*Ui*' 

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Oj^^ ^JL5 ^j! JUWt O^ O^ »^^' i>» ^'^^ 'J^' ^i^-*^ 10 
^U»C^ O^ ^^^^^ L^J^****^ J3'»UJt ^JJ CJU^ 1^4$ J^ O^ 
f. 106 a ^jjt ^j^ji\ jSJ^\ «jjb >i^ uL^ i>j^W ^^1 ^>^ J^ SjaVJI 

J*^b JW-^J^-5 ^-^ J^ ^^>b ^iUx^ j> o« ^>^ ^5x45 ^ 

i>jjb JJ^\ J^Ui ^^^t tjL^ JUUt J^ ^t i^rAiiJt >3U UJL^ 

' Cod. k^mJ^ • Cod. OjL.^ • Cod. «JJb 

* Cod. J^ * Cod. 6jjk • Cod. iu::^ ' Cod. Uj- 

synaque 179 

j^ JjUi «jlJ J^tyi .djN)! ^jJUl ^^j)\^ C>i^\^ ^^^ ^f^ f. ii6a 

*2^ >33^> O^' i>«^ 'S^^ >rfjj ^}jiA CH» ^>i«i *«LJ ^A*» 

5 ,y "^J . J5!i-« ^ ^-^ ^ u^ O^ ' *Xl-5-5 ^ii^-^ t!^>^ 

. i^i^x*. i^i;^ j^y»j ^j:^ . lyM ^jLa^j ut^ o< L5t^^ * M^ 

15 V^ ^^ ^ ^JLa^ . UU3 ,^;.H»::)t^ >^*^^ ^r^^iH^ ^lUjt 

f<x£LMS^r^ %n^ 



^W^ O^' ^y^ *'>•' WM< ^^^ 


• 8 

Vlate II 

\, - 1 . , 1.1. . ; 11. 'Ml'.. I I .■ - .'i 


^i^^j j^|» ct.U^ •Oft.^Ai 

Fonds syriaqiie 179, f. 119.1 


• JvWjj ujj^u ^gi wu# cvk^ ^;tP 0**"^^ ' JtiV- ^ MI i> 

'^^ LJ^ ^Jjp ^W^ • j^k UjJ^W J^U 'i-'if <i^j«^» 

U^^l* jy*U C-i/ ^1 ^^ jjjjU . j^U UjJ^l* ^jj(j 

^iP i>e> • 33*1 Mj^ o'>! *^^ vV-»- ^ilP ^n-l J*|>i 

,0 C-;# ^«^* ^ip jjUJI . jjWI UjJjU gUWW3* C-i/ Otii^ 

UjJ^U ^U^ c^ vU»^ x>JtP O^^ • O^^ UjJ^U ^^ 

^l>. UjJjli jjUUI wU# .^^ ;^j|p v>A*0 • V>**-< 

j*o • jj**Ji c^ ^> iy»* 4^ ^iP ^^»i ■ j^^yti ^^j»J^ 
i^ J.--^J ^1 j^t ^j-. Ujjy ui^i 4.|-<ap' ai- o«=- 

15 4::eji OjJ^ U 4UJJ^ UJ V»« ^>^t jli^t JU^ o^^- ^-«-~»'> 

jL/ '^ <0I A;i>M c^U^ >c^ J^ aJJI J«» >iU ^ o^^ 
* • f t" »J' M*»^ 'f-t-i *>«" v>* »>»UJI >o-» jt^ O' 

20 jhi J\ Ob' J-^ C5*^ 0'5)> »>• wr'JJU' ^^J^' V^» ^ 

' Cod. *«-4p • Cod. -.jj 

f. 141 a 


00 JW^t v^^^ 

f. 140 b jymM . j^mM UjJ^U Je* ^^JJ ^^j^ . ^jj-- UjJ^U .^trf^ 

UjJ^U J^t^:^ w^ U|j V J^ ^li^t ;^3>^ <>^t • <>^< 5 

^itP V<>^?^ • V»>^^»^ UjJ^U \^^yi C^ «j^ ^^ >ljt 

>bl c^ >b! ^jjp o>^-^ • 03*^^-^ ^^^^^ 03j-^»^ ^=^ ^3^ 

^y^ ^-iP J4rf>^ • ^3^ ^^^^ J^y -^ ^yi)' ;^-lP J^W 

*^ v>^ ^ ^^^ >V»,^j UjJ^U Jtt».U c^ U»; g.jtP i>»«^ »S 
Ujl4 ^^- Wl . W« UjJ^U J« c^ ^^U ^jtP .t^e^J • I 

Ujj^u ..ju^ c^ wj^ ^ji>3 ut . ut Ujjju >yu^t 
>b>! • >b>! ^^^^ o>«i ^=^ Ua) ^jtP ^uur5^ . ^ui:r^ 

,^ c^ U^-^ ^ji>3 jU.1 . JU.1 UjJ^U ^y^ c^ I^hOJ ;f.itP 
ttj>^ • ^j>^ UjJ^li >ljV3 w^ Ul^ ^j^ ,>»5.«t . u^y^\ UjJjU 20 

C^ OU«i ^jj>5 >l:j^ . >l:j^ UjJ^U J^U C^ U^^ ;^^ 

. L3j,m. UjJ^U b^j c^ ^^^t ^^ jU.t . jUt UjJjU ^U 

^-JLP LT-^ • LT-^ ^^^^^ ^3--^^ ^=^ ^^s-^' ^JlP W>- 

I5j^ C^ VjV3 ^.>5 o^« • 0^« ^JJ^^ Wj3> C^ «J4j3j« 

Cod. adds ^^Jj ' Cod. jUU ' Cod. 

I / V 

5 cj^t ,„.j& cjife ii .^w ^ *i. oyk«i 'vi^ ^-yi' 

V>)l w>^ cr-t-J l^JJ' t»-^Wi»>< >W» ,y ^J*^! . C.Uii ,iJl3' 
iAe«iH t5" w*-^"" O^ okefi>^ >kU-l ai>kjl W9» c>«^'^ 

'*>*i ^JiP cAy' • wS>3>t Ujj^u j«^u c^t u«Jit ^jij3 *^«i^ f. 140 

. Jftj-^Wv* l*JJj^ JWv-» CH ^>^ <^ >^.i^ ^jtP OM 
^jfi ^yu . ^3i« UjJ^li Jiir^ O-l ^W> O^ OeJ*>! 

c^ jj;> ^j^ ^y . u^ Ujj^ii ^yu Chf v^*i i^« 

20 • *.JIA lAJJ^li »i-*W O^ tj^ <^ '^y ^iP jJt-i-ijI . jJUiJ,! 

. ^)ti Ujj^u jJL9»i;t ^ ^u ou/ j u„ . « j:l« c^t tjM) ;^j^ 

-15 ^>P ^jjW ^3jW UjJjU ^V^ C-i, ^^ ^j^ ^JU 

' Cod.^ljOl • Cod. v^>»»l-*i ' t:od. AiLJ 

* Cod. 4ei»JI ' Cod. Ij^j ' Cod. c^jU 


«. 3 

or jW^i v*^ 

• r^*i \s'i* •*^ ♦J^'^' • *^ «-^i^' >^' ••*** **«* »-^^ 

Wt UjJjU ^JbOl lj>e a^l VflU ^3fi ,«JLi,jl Jt J^Wjj jU 
Ltj UJi • C>«*>t>!' <^-Jti *^ i>* *>'^ sZ*ii& jJtj . >iti^* «U»^ lo 

vl^b <^^ 0*4* v5>>i-» -.jtpj • <3s>^ ^*^s^ Oir^^ <:^ 

^XP • ^^K CH ^^»i C>**-'W ».5«-~^' Vywi U»afcl . oJ^ o* 

c-i/ a-. ^i>! ^xPj . o-^ u^jii jjWi c-i/ J— v>*«< 

tjb^ l^l^t v^t^ .«0^ ^<*t-i^ v~^ cr>««J^t ^t W U^>M J^t 20 

f. 139 b o>»^ "^ ^rt^*^ ^>" ij" ^>!-jj j>y» v«!>* «j^' j>ji ^' *T— 

o>«»- a*> ^ jju u-jjt ^^^u- u^Ac jp ^1 ^jjui ^yj o« 

' Cod. \^ » Cod. t^^l » Cod. *i^ 

* Cod. Ij^-J^ » Cod. jy:i\ • Cod. jt^\ii 

>nt(Ji ^jjp chJJ' >j*J' ^r-J ^ Ja^ '^^. ^>«;uuuf aji«j o- 

,»;»» . ii- ckSW, 2^* c«-JI ^ L->!-^^ JrfW u»;W !^s-» 

ii-' ^ i^\ ^.eJk* JvWjJ «i-^' ' : ■■ ti ^s}^ • Jij^ f- 138a 

Ut^tXi . *ti ^yiy* ,^>«Ut O^ 1^1 ^t ^t •»-«>> <^i Wji» 
^ vi^ jj JU-^)I j^^ Ij^i!^^ IjU l>U« >jM< J^3* *i* 

iiJm^ «^t ^>; $>} Ae* aUI o^^U.adUj aeJU) S^ Aei ^t 

i^ |,>jOj a;»flt ^tj Jblj^ ^ ^y^i j^i . \^ jXiJ\£» 

^-*>*» <*^ jn^yi-i J*# Ji<>-< >^' J«*5 • Wi)' jl*-b 'bP' 

' Cod. t>«A...U)l " Cod. \y^ • Cod. yt/^^yt 

* Cod. M^ » Cod. ^^jyt ' Cod. J^U^, 

' Cod. jJj • Cod. a;:^ » Cod. 

jm^\^ CitjiJt O^^ ^^ ^^^ V>#^1 l^t "^^ ^^3 r^ ^^^^^^ 
j^ V>^5 V^« LT-* /^« ^'>- ^5^^ *i<> J*!^ .>Ji^-91 5 

^ 0^3 Vy;^ J33 wfelr** u^ i>* v>k *>• ^»-^^ 

^ <S!UJ1 v>« Jjii U ^t V^«jW aJ^«^ a3 aUI o^ a^yU 10 
^^eJUIy^W .u^ .,^U> 0^>J^' J^^ ^^^'^ J^i3 ^^' 
^U ,>uu3 . V^ i>»«X- dU^ 1^^! v^l JXeA Jj^b ^Jf^ Vj^ 
l3«J3t^ wr'^'^b •^•^^^t ^^ CM ««^^ UJ^ wU*>J J96^J3^ Jj^ 

AJUi . ajt>j 5>3^ ^^U wi^ ^j..^ %^-^U 0'>J>:! v>e<3 -•e^i^' 15 

jy^ *e*j j^ j-*^ -^U** ,^U^ Cm ^W W** J*m W 

O***^ O^ ^J^3^ OiJ-^ LT"-:! t^>^ Wi* A3le^ ^^ l^^jl 

» Cod. jL^I « Cod. ^ jL^I » Cod o!^^ 

* Cod. 0^>iyi^ " Cod. o>e^ ' Cod. I^JU* 

^W' *^U^) J^iAi . Oy^^ ^^ oUJU« dut j^\^ ajL^ 

. ^^yj^ ii- ^ ujr ,siM . jUW o'^^t j^!^ v>^i ,^jLi ^>rf 

0>J4*i ^ J^ ~aUJ Ij^' UJU> J^jb . ^^>> Onf Wjli^ C^itf 
Wt >U^ J^b ^^W-"* J^J >e^U)W ^r^3 0^^*^1 j-^J 

ai^ >^t dWUi ^^ . ^t-^-^t CM ^.fiJ^iy >v^j . jUW .t^t* 
ou^ j^^M ^t aju*.j jb«»^iLJi^ ^^^^ M^*^^ oy^ ^>-^^ 1^5^ 

>^b • *^ sXj-^^ i-^-*^ O^' y^j J9^^yi ^^^ ^•^^^ ^i^j • ^ 

^^JL$" jjL^ «^U .^•^Xitrj^t ^t ^>>t a«i> ^^U c.^ jUi . ^•eJUI'jjt 
O^ J^j. JvW ^t dj^L^ >V;^^j ^>^>b '^U^^ aCJU !>• ^t 

**^ O^H «^>» Uj . ,>ui^ ^n-fl*^ JJ^ ^ • >->^ ^^=-^ 0>^ 

' Cod. Ut • Cod. A^ ' Cod. j^ * sic in Cod. 

• Cod. jmJij^^ • Cod. c>t^< ' Cod. o^ " Cod. aU3 

• Cod. J4^^Jj "» Cod. >U.^ " Cod. jJU At^ " Cod. ly;^ 

f. 135 b 

JvW u^jt ^« <^jV^^ ^M< >n^ CJ^ •^^ U^ . vy« 

c^i^ ^ dLot ^^« o^^ • ^^ CH^^^ 1-^-*^* CH yk5 ^* W>^ 
ae-Jt ^j ^WJJt J^h 0^3^^ r-^3 ^^ Jn^ • W^J 

t^ J^l^l ^ o^ A^t a^jv ^ l^«;-o j^>o o^ u^« 5 
Lft- ^!/*^J V^ -^J Cm ^5^-^ ^i^vt! C)*>-« ,J* ^^^ ^ 

\^jm. ^jA Uj . A^U>^ «2Ujt ItiS^ SyLa^ Ch^UJ V^ >M^J^t 10 

Cxrf \J^3 ^^^^ -**J^ •^J^ *^ CAt j^ 3^ i^j CjlK ^y^ u^j^ 

^iUji jja«i J-J ,^si^ a:;^^ "^^ Jjuft .^j« vj J^j v>^« tj^. 

. ^\i\ ^ vy^< ^ ^J^ J^^ Ol%^l Jjtp^ >y> C^ CM 
a^ S$^ ,.^.N»^' 6^^ ^ >tj jJ AJ\ A^t^ Aj v>^t vV^^ 

V ^ij OU!^^ ^J^ ,>^b • >^« wW ^^ syfll J^JUl Cm 

jl^ Ait J^t Cm a^j^ O^ i^^ ^^b ^^^3 \>^ 

^^1 v^ ^^^-^ ^3 ^ >jj ^ . ajL- c>t*-J o^< ^j cr^^ 

AjJt Jua3 . A3le^ >Ut >^t A..JU ^ ^^j ».>^t cr>«b ^J 

C>«^*' Ch' -**•>! ^3 0>*' *^' ^•^A^ ^s^^ ••• v/yj *^>^ 
^ Cod. yU. * Cod. A-..,t^ ' Cod. ^ ^.,.0^ 

Cod. Al^ * Cod. jU^ U3« • Cod. a n;^ ' Cod. c>«^« 




JUJI ^■%J\i -U3UJI *# cJj- jJ, v>JI <^ v^l *.>-b 
ft- cH' 3*3 *«#' *3'* J^ u-'J^ t5^ *>*^' f '**« *-JU.U 
J*«i O' c>*^' ^'iX »^« ^ jT t>« W>* *-» >»-b v>e^ f- '34a 
»\ilaj wr^'x (^ C>*W ^'*3€ lj*y U^ • V>J' sS'*i CXrf VaJV^ 

^ki-^y ,ji«^b *:»/ J*« O- J-.1 J3 o- J^ ja* • 0»J*»>w!' 

j-j' .iXJU o' J*rf u*>'-* • '^^^ •^>*^ •*"* u* C*" '^'^ 

^l&j . 2j^ cHj^ i>^ 3*3 **^t Wji^ «*M^ <i>JU3 ii^ t>0~f9 
,0 O^ *i< "^l V>J» t^JS! cMrf V.JV^ Jn»** . oy^^!• **» ^r-» 

15 . aw S^ Cw a£JU Sjm O.JI&3 UJU J.»Ai ■:• U»i> c~;/ V,"^ 

4u*t ^^t 0^3 • '^ cKr^ 0^1 3*3 J^* '^l ^•'^ "i^J f- 134 1> 

jU.t „f.:£i . *^Ui jyt JXt J)),j3 o-i 'f^ «Jua}3 *tM A^l 

,ji 0»^ Ufe Jn—3. OrtjIV*^'" cs" -«^J^' -^'^ tj4* *J *-Jki 

^^ ,^^ •^-ae ,j*3 . .^,A« a**^ J33I" ^1 iA*, .^i O- **»» J^ 

J*t o- ^3J J>" "t^" •i^3 • JvW ^1 '^JJ-W J<l^t ^ 

^^0 ^„,»Jift ,-;:► J^\J^\ ^ a^ ^\ WjjW vn«Ji J^^ 

' Cod. a^J^W 

« Cod. AJuJ 

» Cod. oW^^>! 

* Cod. Wj-!-^ 

* Cod. 6y^\ 

• Cod. Jm^ 

' Cod. Aj^^ 

* Cod. j^^yi 

» Cod. oW'^*^ 

^^ Cod. CHij^^i-^)^ 

" Cod. j>> 

^ Cod. 0^ 

Uo yk U>l^ .^LJ&I v>« IJJk ,^ >>^ JU^ . *j^l ^^ 

<>«^ O^ ^•"^J U*>>3 i^nO^ ^^3 j^^^ !>• ^^jW *^j*-' 5 
^ dj^\ \^\^ djji^ dVJU^ : iU«r S^' ^ dVJU ijt jjv : !j^^ 

J^jb : Ut dO*^ v>^ .^JL$ ^j^ ^^ . dJUit Aj o^ >3^^->-d^l 
-^^ ,yj^ '^i^J3^ v>* ^jJ^^ ^U^'^b ^r-^t>0« i>ls, Jla^^ UJU 

f. 133a 0^< ^j >1;^ A^t *4^ e5*>^ ^^ '-^^^ ^^^ ^-^-^^ ^^=^ --•«-- 'S 

aji^t ^ a;:^^j ...^ Ch^W^ ^3^ ouu^.a^ Ch^^ i>ti^< 

A^lj^l ^1 v>^1 aJUU . L3U t^l^ J^ aju- CHjJi^ 
J^JUt >«^y cJUii dlUt ly^t d^t c^^g^ai . dSX^ o-^ d;^ jjLf 

^b^» On^j d^O^ O^ >wJ-i^j^< jAi >^ C>«^ fs- J^ 

.,.ak5 . ^\>^j Aa^t ,^JJI ^t^ ^ -^1 ^kjW:;*.! ^ ^ Mj^ 

' Cod. o^-^ ' Cod. jl^ » Cod. ovl * Cod. ^liljl 

* Cod. ^^1 • Cod. ^^ ' Cod. i^UUj^ « Cod. clj^ passim 

>'jj^ L5^^ ^ ' LT*^^ ^«M UU^ ^JU» |>»oJU JU* i^^li 

^jU^j . AX^ C fc) d3».>U ^j Chw^ j-*t ^j ,^^< J^b J!^\ 

J^ aCJU O^J • ^ >J^^ U^Juo O^ ^^ A.7^,< ,^; 

Stj^t oi)t o^eJ^ J'ii^b • W^tSJ^' «i^ >•< ^t cu^Sj >y> .iO* r. 131 b 

^ A^^ L>t; [ot] ^ij >ei>y« ^ >vi^ tJJk >l^e^ ^V^l ^^ o« 
xs jM^\ O^ ^jd. J^ ^ ^;a3 J3 ^ l^ ^\ji. jM^\ ^lA 

u>« jl^u . ajuu ^' ^ » ^t jjflui . A^> v>« A^ :^u . 4^ 

AlO^ ^^L^ Q^ . AA^ C^.^ ^>* A^iH^ ^^J *,.i..U 
20 ii?tj^ a3UJ U^ uOJV >J* j^ ^3 .W%^^ *^ .n^^J^J 

V^ C^U . U«»iiP tj^w ^J^ j^ vW^t V«^ "^ /^^^^ • Jth^^ 

\jj)\ 5^^ o^^*^* >>%-^ v^j'^^ ^^--M . Ai^« .•■^j' C>WLw jjv 

JUU jyiJi A^ljl ^^jCh^W^ ^h .«J^jy ^•M ^ f. 133b 

• Cod. \Aij^ • Cod. ^ujm ,a ' Cod. Vo^!^ 

* Cod. ^Jf^ • Cod. j^t^j^ passim 

82. * 

to JW^i v^^ 

^iJJ ^Ue^!» Ai^! ^ . ii^ Ch^j' >k.^rf^ 0!5^*^ cs'^^ • 05^*^ 
f. 130b ^>^l i^JjiMI <:^ jji . AU-^ CHr^ ^^ i>^ ^3i ^ . Ot^ 5 

. ^^ v>t*o' ^^jVJ^ i>*^' J!^ ^.r^W i>V ^ ••• >eJ^ >«t*^ 

J3j Ji!/-< LT^ L5^Vi jUiiJt ^y^ jju >y ^^ ^^. aji-. 15 

W J^3 • v5jW J^b lM J-*^ ^•^ LT^^ • 1^ 0«iM3 *^ 

» Cod. ^^e«:j • Cod. ^1^1 • Cod. ^ Ae^ 

* Cod. ^UAi • • Cod. g>Li • Cod. o^Jkl' 

' Cod. dj-l^ « Cod. OiA • Cod. A^ 

*« Cod. \^ " Cod. ^o^, margin 4^ " Cod. ^j! 

jfXi . i^j^ a^u ^jtj s^ft. ^u^ oUfiJu o^ ^j W *M^ 

^«" !/tA- J>i3l v>* 4^ JJUi.U >-t4 Jti ^ ^1 v>* ^ ^JJ' 

0<*^j' A) ^j ^^ UJi •:• lyt^l J>u ^^ a:;^^ j-»^ ^*^ Oyi^ 

b^^ LT^^* ;^1>^ • Oy>^ O^ LT^^* ^^ V^ MW ^^^ ^3 
^ jjUJI^ O3--;-!- Uaj oW< *i •^Jji^ • CHi^ O^^ 03^' 

. ii- Otr-^3 v>e^' LT^^* >^ ^^^ ' Oy OV J^>:! ^^'^J <^3 

15 Jjuft c%tJL£» i^jji ojyi v^ vj W Jy^f o^^ ^^ ^j i>* 

• ^^' u* *^ L>e*^j' Ji!/-*^ L5^ jV^J • Ot^J^ CH^^^J i>e*0' 

^jv> ^ . ii- c>t^j -^b Oy ov j^>! >kjv> vy>^ U^ 

20 '5>^ ,^U3' Ji<>-t ^ O^ W *^4*^« ^ • ^ C>e«^J« V^3^ 

*.4 •• • 

' Cod. jjj ^^^^ '^ Cod. iJj3 ■ Cod. C^l passim 

' Cod. oi/fij » Cod. At^ • Cod. CW<>J» 

' Cod. jJt^ A^ « Cod. j^\ • Cod. UU '' Cod. ^-^1 

f. 138 b 

>t^ O^. L^^*^ O^ j^ cui^ j^U v>« >t^ A^l li^yj ^jii^.'*«A3 

^L^if AAaJU «ju«^ ^J^yi Ja) «iAJ3 JJ^ (>4»3 . UCfcJI 03^j^ 

UjJjU iijli^ v>aU3I OJIJA ov jjWI ^jijl ^ v^i^J-•^5 • 'i^W 
f. 139a ajb i^JJtj O5JI 3l^^\ o^ ^j\ djykux^ ^jj\ ^U3I ^UjLi 

^^b" ^ilP >W* ^^ Wj . >y' J^3^ Oy^3 • 0>»^ y»!5 
Jjj v>* i^^-^^JUil cM v>* V^ .slWI O^ W^ M>#3« 
*^j . tjU ^JJ AiaJt *^^ . At2:^\ duioy U»y AjJt t^,..^^ ^j . i»y 

aiu-^jt aJ>j^ x^jjUI ^^ A^ ^^j^i a:;;^u^ s>.mJ\ ^JUi ,>:^j! 20 

^ Cod. c>5t^ » Cod. vW^« ' Cod. jJL^ aj^^ 

* Cod. Aju-^y » Cod. Aw • Cod. 0>--H /«^^m« 

' Cod. d^^yOl • Cod. j^U • Cod. ^U /axxiVw 
" Cod. V3^b pa^si^ '' Cod. ,by 

Ai^yi a^t*-* S^O\^ CX^I ^^^^^^ OJl^f»7b 

CHJ;e«J« «*-^« aoMW ai*^ ia-J« ieW *>e^ *^^« »*>^^ 
W-JW O^^ **W« u* *^^ (^' *-'^' J^ <-»* ^''3*^ *«*^ 

tr" J*!/-' ^ a-t ^ v»«Aft ^>. J— ^1 VV4H ij%*»b 

0>Wlb /^-Wj >*Lr» .»«■ 'i.5t« UJ^'ib c>>**- >^J V>«*i 
ijJSj^S ^^'j^ ^\ ob^ c>* i^ ^*^ Oir^i «^!^* ^i J«o 

' Cod. \^ ' Cod. AJt-J ' Cod. -^'^ 

* Cod. *rt • Cod. jUI^ • Cod. 

4iU ji^ O^ tjjj ^JJt jJlJI^ . 0>^U)V C>yk*^t ^V«3' C^JJW 

«*^ o" J^ lt^ ^■S'" t*>* *>• vy»i! J^> • cMrfU*" J^ 

O^ o-.'^ ^^t yj^yM yj J^^ '^ Ail Ul J^ll Mi£>i . Ir^ 

jU jL«;fti o* Ai"^ «^3>»Jt« jjv '^1 a,...«jai ^i j^a^i ^\a\ 

' Cod. \i^\ • Cod. -~,l«ai 


U^ •:• J,^^ cJl£> 2U..^t UUj v-JLl> ^ «,ei^t jjUIt jL. i;L< 

.^^ei-cji c-^ o^ .^^ jt^^3 • v>e^^*«^ i>^« ^5^ Oe-ij Viy;:^ 

cM CM •*« J4«i ^^•^'^ -^t*-"^ ^^^ 03^ W* J^'^ J^3 

^y ^\ ^^\ A^i ,^^ftjLj ,^jji j^ji\ ^jj >>u. U!j ^.-^i 
v>* c>t^3 50'' iy^ • cKs' ^V *^*^ L5^* *^ oy^ «>— * 

da«3 i>HUeaJt dO* J^ a&s^ jL» ^ U^^t c.^ AeJU^ 
15 V>« Jjb M^< «&^ ^^^ >^ L5^^ L5^< ^>Ut Ut^ •:• 

4^t t^..^ a£»;v^ j;^^! 01%^ j^^ vy^ ^ ^jut j^g i;^ 

•:• aJJ \jitj3 a3U ^^^^ j^ O^ ^^ J^3 "^^"^ ^>3 ^J^ 
' Cod. jyLju c^l ' Cod. I^Jbu^ ^ Cod. aj^jI 

•^'^ {^^ >n*^ jt^ O^ *yL»^ <*>^^^ •yJ^ A.^'J^fi^ t^^^-*^ 

•:• ^^JL^j^t Jt JU.JCJU UUii^ . A^t U>JU^ i^jJUt ajL;jL4 a) t^L^i 

. A.**^ A^i^r^ dtj* U <»J^t^ • ^V ^j^ W^*^ "^^t l5*^b *>i^ 
f. 124 b i>^ Ji^ *:- J^t v< ^^^.^ ^yi>^ >»^*^b ^^<' ^^ d^^ 

AjL4l^ aJU*.^ Aip aJJI O^^^ j^ ^3 ^^ ^J^3 "^y^ ^ ^^ ^^ 

,^ o-» a^u j^^ . o^\}^ A^t^ . ^^ ^ >Li ^ >u*^ji ^ 

Ch^o- » JU^ JU^^ .> a) tj jli» , » i tjjk jft^ ijyo ^ *^\Xt3 oil*- Ja* 
i>*^ O^^-J^ L^^N! 0^ !>• <ijLl^ V>^^ '3jJ^»^ Slj^l >eiU 
O!^ a^*M 1y[^1^ 13^>^ ^ Jj\^\ ^' OJC^ JXJ3 J^l 

' Cod. 6\j\ « Cod. JyaUl » Cod. •^•^^ 

' Cod. JUJI * Cod. \y^ • Cod. \j^ 

•:• U^l 5jU s^Jl3- *^ L5^' *^^ JP ^^ i>5*-b ^--5' >•<^AK'^ 

o^ d} dX)\ A^^ ^jjt ^«^t j;a^t a) jj^ a^ a^u a) c^t u^ 

5 \j\^j3 aJJ ^«,j^^t A^^ a^ jJLp Ut j;^^*^ C^t U^ . ^9^t SjU 

ju*. ^^ A^^ . ^jji ^>o, jiwi A^ ,^jj j^jji Jh,.ju ajuuji 
lo ^•W (^ «>^' ^«A>»' >^«-<>' o^ U»'^-^«J^j^' •s^'iM ^^ f'^sb 

^> Ub Ub ^b1 ,^1 >;. o« J^ «^^ .t^V^^ .^>^< 
15 sJ^jdJS o*^ ^^ a4-!3 • ^^^ 3^W1 Ju^3W p5-J< J^ 

•-•e^jy L5^ (^JW< ^J^« <>^ J—-' >•t^V^^ J^«-»« ,^« 

' Cod. AJuJ » Cod. Um • Cod. jjLeijJI 

' Cod. ^3^1^ * Cod. J^>fj 

f. 132 b 

J^y^ i>* >-5>^ *^J^ L^J^' ^rWI Ul^.^tt^ ajl jy;^ A^Jii 
O' •^•^-J • oil*- ^J^ L5^ ^y^ >•<^V^' *^>^ • L5^>^ v>«s^ *^^^ 

i^>A3 ^».«*^i vj^ ^^^ Oy^ ^ ^^^ M^ • ^^^ CH'h^y LT"^^ 

•'w-' >*• ^^ O^ J^^ . Ai« ^rs*y ^ J^t^ ^^>^< •b U^ 15 

. a) J15^ 3L^\i j^j^S ^j^\j •^U-'l ,^jjlJ aJJI o< ^ ••• ••• ^^ 

Jlju^^^CJU .sJL>^ ^:;Ji^ jJ >t^ . ^jl;p a^ i^ OiV^ Mjd^\ o^ 20 

^jW« U^^ <' v!j^«^ J^« oW>^ •J^ O^ V>« o« >< ^b 

f. 123a aJ jJ^ iw o>^Uj[3 %iw" j^^^ c^l Wj •:• *iJUl-J ji^b **M^ 

5jLJ l^j j-flu« oy^^ O^^ • ^"^^ ^>^' j^^ !>• Jt»^' 

^xP ^j^ o^ ^^ o^ *:) ^^ cy^ A^« L5*t^ >•t^*K^ Vu 

' Cod. oW-it!j>' • Cod. ai..* 

^w^J ^>Ut ^»iiju ^3^^tj . ^>UI ^JJ jL^^ (>««)l ,iU3 0-* 

• onj^ J^ tj" i^ cr* *^>*^ J^^ •■•• -^^^ tj" ** •*'»~^ **i^ 

lo «^b' UW . W >.»^W U^i Viij ijt^ ^ >^j^ >Lft o^^ 

ax«i£» a.^ >j^ 

^3 *tkru.5 '^ ^t o^^>e^l *> J^ • 'tl^^' <^ *-*^ 

2o ou«)i3 01,4'^t a«^Uu» v^«^j agrfj^i j> c><> j^ 

' Cod. oS-iij>' ' Cod. !j » Cod. Ol^^Jlj * Cod. jl.^ 

A^ J^j> . ♦j-«* J*l >r-j (^ »>^ ^^ *«^J *r-*i »>• 

^>ft *i J£>^\ j^. O^ >^' uJ» OUi«*^' J*^ • *li*^ WVA 
>bl jLj^^ . ^J^ w^l c>^"bJ Jfe>JI j^ifcJ . 43,-»5 cW« o^ 
jOili . Ai/*^ o^ ^ Ce*^ «>i*.W cWI J>u ^1 t;»>-»JUI J^> 5 

^,e»-di jL;^w ^«5 ^yy "^ t5^ W J«J • ♦JJ»5 «: 

II A.,JUi 4ei O^V^t «>>> ^3 J«i UU . O^V^ ''■^i^ 
^Ut v^ <^l^ 'i^i • <^'^l^' i^^l A*Af9 •ji^r- O^ wi.ui^j 10 
aUI ^ j^^U Ste» o-« '■^ ''^^ >W» ^i • >»*d'^3l Ch>W^ 

•jl* o' >)s^' uj« '■^^9 '■• T^j o^>^ o^ r-j^ o^j ^y o< 

f. ,«ob >^'^» «*^ o*^ c.^1 jj^ . ow^i >W» ^ cJo- j^i 

. j>«i« JJ3 ^ aUJI ^>. oij*^' ^ O^ U) uUi J** Wb 
}jf^l u«j<^l 'JA 0>i^ t^^t cPs! ^} • Upj*>l ^^1 ^"^t^ 20 

JJft/i jJ^ . UjUaii ^ i^>;:i c;0j<^t «Jl* ^t a^eA-Jt «>• i>9->>i 

CJyD V-^ . ^j-JJI ^ Jp ^ a«A3^l jyUJI .Jl* o» >.*j »>• 

^ ,^^ V^l ^^1 J^^ ■ O^^"^' '^^ '^l V-a^ «^5 J^ 

• Cod. JUJI^ 

ij^^M ,^ JUU3 U^t A^W' i^^ . ii- i>ei-^ OU3 ^n^Ui . tr^> 
. C)5*>** A^b y^^j' /«^y' Chj^J^ AlflU^ j^l ^^^ .ilU lt-# 
CH!5 •>!>?' s-Ai VW SjVij^ o'iJ v^^^< SjV,.,.^ j^j^V lui 

l^ OjLo^ Uj^^ UUti . J>sft. AJ JU^ .2IJU It^^*. .2IJU dJJK^ 

«.jj^ C^t IJ^ . 4..JU ejijt UU^ ^^t O^^W $U*^t ^^ji3t 
OV^-^I ^J4^ ^^j- >W» ^3 . J>^V5 Ai^l aJ jJ^ iu, o>^ 
•u^J*^' L5* 0<5>^ J4i->:! cr»W< 0^3 aJ^< 0>> k>* V J^-S— ^ ^"^^ 

juju O^ Cm J^fT^ '-' ^*e^ bj^^ '^V^^ 'y^ • L^*^ J«^ 
«XfA^ O^ CM ^n^3 • ^^' •^^•t! O^ Cm >n^^ • j^h u-^< 
. u^j'iJ' •Xt*!! O^ CM ^n^^ • v-^^yi' J^i^ O^ jmf^3 ' ^^^'iJ' 
.jlnJ^*^! j^^ O^ CM ^n^^O'>5^' J^i^ O^ O^ jfn^3 
15 ^>J»lfi^1 o*^ • ^3 ^^ f kP'^ •^'^' •>^t*iJ O^ CM >n-!^3 

^ U^ AUt ^ OU \i\ >kJ^t O^^ • a^ltsiJt^ ^£^W CM>:! 

l^UU^ ,>j*^t wJLZot^ . 6j^i ^JmLJ '^ 4>t$ ^ «3^^ A^ 

jj^ 0\^3 ••• p^>-' UU--^ ^3>- UU^ ,^1 lijii\ ^ ^•<^V^b 
Ch^ ^tJU ^^^ •:• ii- CHj^3 J-J* Ae^ %iJI W rJ^ J^^W 

0>»^%--i >k^ JUiiJI ,^1 •^i O-^ aU\ jJkj jy^\j ^j^ CM 

i^jL^u ^jj ^ . oVJ^*^' jt^ -s-^< '^j'^j .w^ J-jW . 0^3^ 

25 ^Wj CM ChLi^^ WW iw ^^ .^^eii» j^ <^^U3^ .n^!^ 
> Cod. j-i^1 •-* Cod. V>^^ ' ^'«<1- O^J^ * Cod. ajuJ 

^ J^33 • •J-*^ i>' ^^J L5^ •>5' i^ *t^^ v-*i i>» 

A^ J^>Jt ^oJ^ O^ >r^^ L5^ O^J%»^^ i>^ • '^'^'^^ W^ 

>bt JJK^^ . ^Jl^ c^t C>^*>) J^>^t J-$<ii^ • "^5^^ "^^Wt O^ 

ju^U.Ai^'N) O^ ^ Cts*-^ '>^^ ^i^W» Jj^ jj» u^ycSi\ Jd^> 5 

f. i3oa O^^^ >r^t O-^ oU%»«Jt dbUi . A^^^t j^ jl;p *^^3 ^^^ ^J^ 

j^k^\ ^W ^^1^ ^ -^ U^ W J^J . •JJ^^ ^3-^ 

oOn^t J^> JU3 jAi UJL^ . o^^^tA^ ^^^^i^ 
^Ut v^ Jb JLU^ . db*N)t^' >».^t A^3 6jj\^ o^ iJl1£>3 10 
AJUt j^ j^ft.U 5L*. ^>o a;«» IjU j^loj ^^ . ^>*J3\ Chs^W^ 

•jdk o' j^< uj^ ^^^3 ••• jHj o^5^ o^ jm^j o^i 1^ o^ 

^ ,^j gUUl U^^l jLoi . J^3'^^ 5>^ *JU< v--2^ ^^3 J^ 

^ Cod. JU31^ 

aj^^M ^ M^ Uet *^^\ ^^ . ii^ Ot?^i o^ >n^^ • u-iiji 
. O^ji' **-b V>^5' »*>'' ch^J^ *;3;:*N»- ^1 -*-*5 -ilUU W- 
cMJ iiH' v-*> VW SjW*- 0'5> »r^kJJ' «jV^ je*y M 
l«^ O)U0> U jL t Ag UU^ . Jye^ a) JUj .iUU l^l^^ .itU aj^v 

oUi':^' ^J4* ^5>- >W» t5*-3 • J3*^ Ai/i *) jJ> ai- o>^ 

•w*;'^' »j* v>e5>=^ J^*! w-WI O^^ aUI o^ *>• V J-l—^ '•"9» 

jL^ yj\^ 0-* .cv^ '•' W^ bj^> l^>^^ ly^ • (^•»* \}w 
Jk««< L>^ 0-» -wi*5 • ^^' «*«^ O^ 0-» jn^i • r^'^i cr-*iJI 

^ l«^ aUI &«« OU 131 >kj^t O^d • <UW»t^ ,t^V 0-*>! 

bUi>*. c;*j-:9» »iJ^b • •>»* c^^ ^ ♦^ ^ 'it^i *wi 

jjj 0^> •> (r^>- ^^> ^V- ^W i>JI »<>«» ^ >«*Kb 
C>ei- .taS ^5 •:• ii- cK>^^ {-5* *«** »iJI W rJ^ J^^ 
0>»%-< >.»> »>liiJ« i^» »j^i c>^ ^\ jlU j^\i ^^ o* 
\yi^\i. ^yi j^ . oUj-JJI je^ cJXkl -ilj-ilj ^^^ J-jU . 0U5!*) 
25 a-lij »>• 00^5 C— ai- ^^ -^n^W*^ (^ 'jaUj^ jmp!%i> o 
' Cod. -3^» ■■' Cod. l»V-J ' Cod. OV^ ' Cod. 

»>•> • »y Wj- ^^ »b • 'i-<»i3 W M^ v>-J'^'5 W—i'i *^**J^' 

Cjgy[5 .«ii-J« si**JLil.l 4eA*> . J^W ^>«>» ^ro-i)' Ou;^» ^W >W' 
U>. ^j ^ ^U oKsJvV sjjy« C-e^ ,„Jl,M* • ^>3^ 

f. ii8a . V£u jj^ a::..* >u. j^ ^j . i£iu o«^d ^t**-* "^W Jo-' 1^ 

I^JJI 0>! ii^i i^J^t ji>i» J^ cM OJW )>/ ^UaU* C^U^ 
^! ^jOuU c*-^ 'J^^J' v-iVi 4V>' ^1 jyt-J» »*- ^ 
CM 3f) hr*J^ •'^ (>• ^^ U5^ ^(^^"-M CJI&5 •> S>>>4Jt jJL/ 

^^ C>>^^ O^' f ^j":^ «^l ^3 -■' ^^^^ \jOi'i\ h^^ ^ ta^t 

^^^ •:• a«i« v>t^^ C>«^b C>«3^ ^'^^'V^ *<<^ cJl&^ •.^j.^ a) jJj 
jljifJI A^jivJ <iUi« e^jt $V^ Cm '^ 0*^i «£*AJ^ <bt» ijrfl) 
U-JI ^ ij\j iSM\ >*y . JvW CM «flU tju^l o^> • M^ wAj"^! 

. J5JLJI CM i.M^"b>' i^ Cm J5I >* . *~«>^ >***JW **«» *Jli« 

f. ii8b . U-J» Cm *eJ^ J>i VW o' *J ^J^ "iJ Cm J« «**«-» iJ^i^ 

^i liJ^ ^W« t5* L**^'^ •■• *^ C>e=-5 e~3' Ai^JU JjL. ^Ife, 

.^ IflU ,*„sJl» >-x. jAl >«l A*li» ^j .»l o- »ijmi oU-^i 

> Cod. ^^1 » Cod. 0>^^.5 • Cod. 

' Cod. lykj » Cod. ajuJ 


UfJU^U 4U^ «*N)Ui' . Jtju.,A« L^JJ^ ^U^ v3><3>:! '^W^ • ''^^ ^J^ 
XfX^ aUI^ «^t 0>^ • ^^^3 «>«^ L5^>^ "i^^^ - Jo^< (^^ i^>» ^^t 
•>*' L5^>^3 • L5^>» ii- a^U ^ jyi >U wJl U^ . IjsjjJir 0>». f. 117 a 
a;^ ^^ jjLm^j*^ wJt U^ . «>J>^ ^U^ ^U.^ JuU^jt <Ujt 

a^u j^ji ^ UJL* . j^i^ j^^« ii- o>^ ^^^ ^^^ UJ^ • ^^j^j^ 

. ^JU jJ^t a;^ o>^ >»^ "^^ UJ^ *:- s^J^J^>^ ^>»3 UV^t 

JUu^ IjJb^ U<^^jf- .♦^-•'^^ O^^ ^ viUolSU . i;u^ Ajuu jju-^ f. uyb 
* Cod. JtjL,.,..:„U ' Cod. D-^L-i ' Cod. 1^^ 

J^%^ O^i OM' wi>»> wS^i*^ *i-eA^ A^ »l ie-oj V 
f. 115 b ,sU^||^ jW^ ^^f^3 ^ )^ y ^ ^>^< ^^^"^ >>0 >>e) J«r^^ 
U4.»t Ju-K- ^i */ •U^t U ^ ji-l oUi ^1 *A U i - .,\i ->J 
. Uy-^l >3i ^ ii- C>e-»*0 *iU j-J o^ ykj ^y *;e-»j J.^1 
3*1: oil AeJLc t>*Ub • *5^>^ *^i i^ **■* *j^9 -^ oW:* < 5 

^» O' U*l ^ Jii oJlo >U ^,-fci.l V . **/« ^»^ «-Se*-JI 
^1 Uj3>li i«A3^l w-y-^l ^^1 a3Uj ju^ ^^I o' t^^j' ^y 
C«.>e jJ^ . UjVit^ UjWJ^ UjUiJ^I JU. ^ uU*^ ^r^t O^SU 

ou.^3 ^ c^i» jj 31 '^j ,iU« j.^ A) <:juu.^^j* 
•U)t J!^ o* W J^ • ^i^ ^i tj-^i \i V=^^ Ls^' u«>'^' 

f. ii6a U «it..efc .SU« v>)t '^ "^^^ • '^^l *i ^<*^ • (^i^U « yk) ,^yb« 
"^5 wM'a' "^l • *3U^ J^ ,j.TAU,,T„.l Ul#l o» >«^ J** >»3 • «;i«AU. 

0^1 iU Jjsj ^>«v yk *) ^)Ui . ^> ^ *^ ^e-'i) Jlju-^flU 
<UM J«:*.U "^ Jlju-e^X* U> >»U o* ^ • '^'^ »^'*^ jf^ O' 
^y ^>^l Ut^ (^ Uv«UI ^U J*^!^ . WjA.^ \j^ »l ju.^ 20 
. Uw*jt CM •^i • i^j*^! V^ tJ^ •'^JJl W JUU . CJ9 fij^l 
ju^t jj«.U . vW i>» t>j'^t «) ^'^^^j^t u^j*^) ^ jt» uu 
wi^j*^! Cot^j A»«>« ^ ju^t yU^I Ui . «ei *Uu09^ ««)t 

' Cod. O^'JJ ' Cod. hs » Cod. ^>i».j!^ 

i»M'^l >•*) tj^M» 0*9^1 t^jU ^JJi o^*^ A^ «y >!P • Jl«iMi>Jt 

Uft^ Uiiu >u. 0^3 • c;'^>***^^ >«!^^ i>^>»^^^ j^b Ot^3^^ 

^^^^ J^^3 O^^^^ O^ «>^ ^>^ O^ ^-3^ i>^A«^t U^ . d^jSLi 

. ^j^>^ c^ 01 bt . Aj JU^ t^ dUy d^ ULi ^Afc 7,J^ ,^ UjJ 
j^>»i ^ !i- »1 Ue^l Ju-j. AJU ^>.t^ u^'^iUI 0^13 ^\ J^^U f. 115a 

ChV ^t^^3 J^-^J' ^^♦J^ t^>^' L5* v5«-*-tA4 H-^1^ JU 
20 Ju-!J1 l^y^ J« U&J^^ ^J^ C><V ^t^. VjJ' •i^'iU O^ . ^^. 

WjJI O^j' *»:'j' ^^^^ ••• *^' *>^ JtJ^ *^^ • ^J"^^ ^^^ >*^ 
JUJl£» . •jJ^ ge^^ ^-iJ u^'^iUI 03^ ^3 '•^b ^^J ^J^^ 

A^l^ it-^yi J>?5 ^ >L. ^ ^>i J^h .^3^ J^ ^^^ 
' Cod. 0>j^ " Cod. >Lft.^,1^ ' Cod. j^^ 

a3»3.,*JI ^Ij- I3M aiJJ' .r*'^' i^' ^b "^^J^J L5^' • V13« 
yyc^} . j\^\ ^y j^ O^ ii^ ijUi- >U3 ^ ^*~JW •aP'^i 

f. 113 b ^i*-i O^i ' iieA-J' »>• 'W <-JJ •>i/3 *3!/*b r^* *'>*■ 5 

^>5 C>i cr^b • *■!«*-» t5* V^ chJJI >W5 ji^^^ ^Wb 
\i\ijS 4^ ^ji^ ^j^i U.VJ-* ^y ^^^s • j^ *^^ ^y f* 

,^1^ . *i\^j3 4JLJI J^ . jS>j>i\ ,JL;J\ ^jUiJtj 0'>s»J' »>» 10 

. 5>u vl>-^W <^ o^ jJ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ jt^"^ <y^^ W**^ W!P 15 

U>is. Uv^l oLLCJ ^ ^b^ .,.^1 >U ^^ Ub. A«^ 1;LH«) 435^1 
d^L^ >y ^4 ^y JflJuwt UJU . LJCJt aJU gut ^ . UlCU UAl/t 

^^^ ,^'*J1 a-* Chrf^ L5^ JU^< CH> cHJ**^< ^ O^^ ^ >**^ 

. ^Jl^ ^3; ^^l5 . aJL£» JJ3 J*i JU.;J1 ^ ^ UJU . ^i jji,Y, 

' Cod. D>^» ' Cod. \^ \^'Qod.. J^lj *^'y: 


^ CA ^j.J>— Jl ^„iU^ i.ljLJI :^il,JL4 . *^jLi ^13 ^ji\ 
j^\ ;jil' dyMJf c^*' Uojl I3JUU U^ J!Vt (>• ^jo^i^ 

^1^1^ sx^t *WW uu;^b ^A >n«*4-W ty^ • v^j^t 
Oft!« ou^ ^ij^i ,,SUJ»5 at-B^i ^^u.> a^Ji-ui ^,:4.jy» 

O^kit^ W'j^kpUt ^>« cAj^a . ,^^>)t JiUI lt::i(A^ ^^ <Ue^t 
CM •le-'^l J>4 ^1 a»^W i*A-JI '^J^S • w;*j'5>l l»^ u*' *>• 

O^i . PWI .«^l (^ . :M» %« u-iii J>i ^5 • •**-*»>• tj" 
^ jti« CM JjJ^ ^i^ . i;eA-J» CM JlrtJ! ^^j ^1 >;* . J.Wi 

dL^yt^j^ ^j»t^ vIh^^ T'J^3 ^3j^^^^ ^Le^U ^^ ^^flftuJi ^^i 

^•U*J1 L>^ • OykJ ^J3 W L5*^ ^^ ^s-«w^ . l£^< ^U^ ^y 
^^! ^^-^i a^-^VW ^3*^^ ioU*J« ^:uJUU5 . a-»jJWi ^tj-J« o^ 

' Cod: Chj^>« ' Cod. ^^1 " Cod. I^j^ 


r. I I I b 

«£^ ^ ^«jut . As^>«^ *i':)\ ^j^ji W t^^^ !>»j-«>o i>^jW3 
. jjuJW ^^ ^s>'-Ji^ **^ >/j^ wiyi t^ >.i~J« • Wj)' c^-b 

^>. ^y ^> jS) . ^j':)\ ^1 IjyUai . JS!J^ C!>ra ^ oV^' 

o- u^ >i* a*t- ^ ^i^Ms-" j'yi t5* -^i o^5 • •j^^ 1^ 

^UiJI Jfcit jl»J! w*U5l ^^ . ,^,XA^I U^l ^.»JL.I^ .^Wb 
JA.^ c>->*^' VJL^ •'^^ • ^.$^>)l <UM>)t .jtf^^^S i^UaJt ^e«*>^ 

^ ji o^ut o^^ WJ^t ''AfJ^t ty^^ • '^^V' (oi^ "y^^ r-y 
aU«^ ^^ J-«^ Uj • oWaJ w-i-J' 0'>s^J» O^i Piijl j«-* c>*^« 

u^j-^W Ji»«-^l 3*3 w-3iW)W' o"*-^' 03^— Jl .^^1 ^3 ♦WW 
^i C^b WW •:• ^U. J£> o- ouel^l ^loJI O^Uylj \)A 

•-*tJU.-<J ^3i t5" '>*J-"3 ^3*^» OlJi« Jl I^J^I ^i-ei ^' 

J:^-j . v>JI j-W 0.*S<>3 ^^i^ 'i'3/W' O*^ «i"i Jl >«rtH' >.Ai 

' Cod. tjyii » Cod. L-iW » Cod. adds U.^ * Cod. 

» Cod. .^^iVsJW • Cod. \yii ^ Cod. 

JW»^ -^^ W J>rt ."^^ ^ O^ *^^ »r>^.i *3W >WI J^ W«3 

5 • 0^*51' u*^' "ke^' i*^' cM V^' ^'H Ch* *^!/5 O^ 

aJDI aj^L* ^JJt 0J5JI ^t >>3I Sj^ c>^ j.«;XtJI JjUil vlr^b f- "Ob 
v>e^ Ot^aU jUi^l J^^l >UI ^^e-i v^l J**- O^ • »J-W *e* 
^>*> ^yi^ »t^^ w<y'>)l J»-^ ^ *«Jii J*. »l >--. ,j^ 

^;2>a>JI Cm AfJ^ 1^ '-^ *e^ cM J>*>>~i3 A£>«>j ^yi «J^ «>• 

. oM)t «^W' Jt^i >Jt >^ J>«»J «r"*JJI C>ei\jii\ CM >^ 
20 A^A* iy«J • ly^J '>H^^ c>-j3>J' l^« ..v-^J 'V«t>^ • «l— 

C*^ CM^ ^ J>J3' »)^ W >oJ-JI A^ . JUft-^l W ^UJj 

25 U«JLc t^ . «lJU»t3 aUI U».t l^*^! l^t ^JUI ^.CJU . j^'^V ^\ 

' Cod. Oilij passim ' Cod. tj^-.^"^! 

' Cod. <:J>\i passim * Cod. tjk/'^J 

^0 JW-»Jl v^^ 

v>. j^ioi^ii j^^i j^-f-i^ Oh >»fl^ CM c^j'J)' ^JUi 0» 

o- u*-- ..J^ J*M Ob J^» 'J* t5** J<V« o''^' >v" 
>.%Wi c5* ^^>«" J*^ ob>i' iiW» v*vk*i ^1 ajk^i 

f. 109b Ufe ^UJI IJuk o- ^J**- (^' >r^' • J^ii J^h c^^ t^' 5 

s>» ^j«^i jy^j uu> j-^ ^ji\ o'^jWJ*"^' W-^' 

,^t o^^UII i^i j,i,\ \itt\ ju-^ J*^lJ* oWUb ^'^ »T-*JJI 
lv<,U* ^ ji^K^i Jtaj^i o^^iai Jjtt* ^ Jyo CJI 0^1^ 

^t ,>iJI o- JVy« ^ tjL- ^ 1^1 j-^ 0>^ U=^ IS 
Jl,;^ l^fc^U '^j-^l j^;iS^i O^iai o- >if.>.^ w*j*!)l v>e 

' Cod. o^Vai^ * Cod. o>^^WI • Cod. bis * Cod. 
* The words J)^^j^ i>«*0 ^''^ ^^'^ erased. 


aa^^ a<u a«^^ Ju*^ chI» U)^ . <u^ uji o^,^' i^* »* 

jy<l i>* CHr^3 i^J^t ^ <^^ OJl&^ . »jJtf Ju*) f^yi jji f. toSb 
5 Ak;».^ ^y 4^1 *ii^ . ^^ ^ >L. «Vs». ^>• ^>.X-^ oW3 ii- 

10 cr* J^' *>• «i"i wW Uib • *y^' t^ «;!^ >.* j^' tr«^ 

MtdJ j3y . aJDI aCj*^^ aJUI ,^ >jJu M UJ U^ ^\i\ djitm^ 

jjja ^ UJU . \jji\y >Ljut «,..«^ a..4«j c>>V~ut o"^ Jyv t^j"^! 

««;vi '^»)t «>«^ uAi ■ <^ cM^j <ii«->jj ^^ ^ .ju^yu 
t5** u^ -^ '^'^ >»*5^^' *=-*^5 >^5 >^^ ^>^ -i^"^ *tJ« 

vy»^« £»^ O- J^» tjA ^ ,ji^ ^ *il ^ JU, . CHK 
>>t UW« Jff tJJJ' V;iW' *»' V>lb • >»fi»^ *t^ ^'-S* t^l 

' Cod. 

f. io8a 


{^-)\ iiiui ^ j^JbJ! ^ ,^^ ,^» ^ . .jj^ Chrf^ aju^ 
a^u ^j..^d. 3jyifi\ 4.0) jUt ^y Jdju.^ . ^3;^ .2U«^3 ^J^>^ 

Ot «>«t^ . aju# a^U jA^ ChV£» ^3 O^ ^Jlpt^ . cM»;*^t ^^ aJUjI 
xLJL; O^ ^i^b * ^^^ i>>^^^ A^^UJ aia^uJI ^^ O^UIt 

. j^b ^bi J>* o^ V-b c^-^ cAb ^bJ^ ^bi o^ i^j^ 
.^Wb i>-yb* 0«3«^ i>^« i>^^ • ^^^ ^^-" V^i-rf-5 

Ji^ O^J • uULiOt^ >UkU IJli^^ UJ t^!>^ W ^-^^ Ob 

^j>» i>^j • ^b^ ^^j^^ ^j3t aa; di^ \gji:j^^\ >^ ^>« uyu 15 

^JUflJ ^tj ^j<^t j^ U o^>^ ^^W aJ^I O^ >n*»^^ • ^sXjie^Uo 

aj;e^Ut W ^> i>o^ U)l^ --' ^yu OW CM ^) >«f5 ^>^Jlp3 
^Ull uU'^r J^ ♦ lvt^i AJi^ A)U.3W aJ^« ^>*« CM t« V^*->3 

* Cod. J^ ' Cod ^jt>^ " Cod. %i^1 

* sic in Cod. * Cod. ^\j^'jJ • Cod. ^^\ 

0*5) • *i« ctj^As- >»Ji^-ij >^>'5)^» v>jyj • c>-jJU» j3*J« «a* 
5 ^>- »>^ • jbjjJ'j ^>^« a:>i*i« it^ipt c^j-jJt J^ Oijf"^ 

Ob »l ^»/* J"-^ AIM J^ViJ^ ,^.^Ai«)t jJMI IJ^ O* >*^ f- io6b 

^ .iUi ^^ oM»b >»J'j v-*JJi o- c«/»>ub W^>J^ 

15 ^y;i.t ^i ^\j U* . Jjtpl ^1 lyU^ Ch**- VWW . ««ii>^« 
^ ^y^-iJ w^ Wj •:• UsJift U>. iy>. ^y^ jU-^j f^y^s 
yj-^^k.^ 'LjU^ <^ 'iiUij 'U^ Oj.ut^ V^l (^ju Oe/ 

4«i) .;. «Juk 4;:e<0) ^y^l >*^^^l V5 •:■ ■:■ *^^ \^ Wj^ W' 

' Cod. ll-«^ • Cod. Ot^i ' Cod. ^.ikkf., 

j^\Ai «^W^t C^jJu 4;*^ . «gi aJDI ^vyJUJl i^JJt ^^i**^! \yiJ'ji 

Us^ ^t Jyy »t^ ij«3 S>^ ^ J-iAJ« *)y^ ^ji\ ^ 

OUe;.JV ^•i^tJ^t >>^^ >*3L,t Ui . o.>«^ «>>» ^y VI 5 
OlJJUt ^ ly*^^ . a^k-JI ^ OjS*^ ^.jXU cw*J '='W 

.Jjj>jLjl ^_^ L!>i«9l ljui«9l SkW v>. J^j i^U A^ 

f.io6a tr* ^ '>iJ^«-W J«* JiJ-«" t>^' j-i-»^ . 0>*U» ^^W IS 
\^ oUUi-l ^1 oUi-^' wiJU.^ v-^l »t-J ^>» o- o« »i^ 

. J^l ^t fi^^^t l>«tj '^i t>^ M) •:• >n--^* ty^^ • Ori 20 

' Cod. ly^j • Cod. ly:*U • Cod. ^y^j 

* Cod. ^W^ • Cod. ^.vAiA.^ • Cod. Ot^J 

Ju-h t^J4! i>e^ a«.^Jt:3l o^ Jkftj -^^ . Sjl^JiJt^ UWW Ae*^ i^U^ 
5 iUrf a^U ^..J CJt C^t JA^ ijiy\ ^yi^ . Ajlt^ SjL« »t U^t 

Cm k!^> J^ ^^^ \S^^^^ l^i^S ^yo^ U3^ . a^ Ch»*^J ^..^^j 

15 '^^ u^ cA-^ ^^ ^^ ^^ L^-*^ AX^ "^t U3^ '*•' AisWt 
oUi ^^ ^.^t O^^ • Chrf^ J^^ W^ u^' cr*jAJ1 JjuJI CM 

J£> o^Jj-^^ O^ \sM "^J '^JJ*^ >*W *^^' ^nt* CwU 
^^^l^ C»:..U:m ♦' l^iLU •:• <>1>A V— ^ J#*n! ^n-^ J^b 
^^^ ^ oU^d^t >UmU X X X •:• >LJdt^ V>^b J^^*^)j 

' Cod. Ul^ • Cod. j^^\ gU^^ • Cod. c;fl>^^'-'< 

-^« ,^>« >^ . yj=>j^^ Jt^U Jli Ju* l^rf U syj^ Oy^^ ^W 
>jL^ AAU;Lit^ . ,^jJU3t >3l Ue^t j--^ vi-^ i>rf^ vy* Vi"^ O^ 5 
O^ yb^ .i^ OU^ •:•»! >-*. ^^ o«^ i4>.i-U! CM jIAi 'Sb 

Ch« cJL^ ajLg) CHj^3 ^j^ ^tJiar >>{ ^U^ j^ Ut^ ^U ^ 

UUJI3 Sj^fljg 4^ Ae^! 5Uj jji^ Ji^^l ^3^ . U>j C>6*o' *-•>• 
CHj^y ^U ol^ u<fy^ u<^^ UI5 *'*>9t<^ ^ d>/t dl^jt U JIZ»ot 

f. 104a ai^jAji a^uj! ^ jyuui Chjii^ ^-^ cm i.r^'^' ^iU*^ J^ a^- 
o^ j^u^.u^^^yt <>^ a^^t jjj o< ^^"^ o^ «Vd^t 

d^\ ^\j C^toli . yj^\3 J:3 ^^^ UUt Uw (i^^ M^ vx^*^' ^^ 
^JJt d^j^ ^j^ c>d^ i/o*^^^ ^^ ^ LH>»*^ C^t Ui^ . AJUii 

^>^ >^j^ 'J9i?^3 J^^3 j^3^^3 Jif%^^ ^yU CH 0^3 
» Cod. UWI • Cod. \ym^ » Cod. U>»1 

. jj^ L^ Jj^l O' J-V "Jlj • CJ^« IJ^ ^ V-^ W^ ^ ^ 
i,^ ..,.«^ O^^ '•' ^1^1 t>* *e^ «=^^ ^ £e«^ '^ ijhl£>l^ 

aJI»i o^ *^ v^i Jys! U& A^t ^ »t ov «t^ jJj AJUt 

^„JU* /s>i ••••^wi j>.l C>- ^ u* >^' >«***^ "^ ^^ ^ 

1^ c>«2Ji5 ^y ^^^ 0»-^ -i"^ u-»>» t5* J«V3I^ ^«-3W 

^t o>»*-»«* tr^^b j-S»JJb J«*-^b j«<^» jn»t*^ /^ Ol 

•jUfr ^•^Ij • 4ei ^>> i^JJI <u^ c>«j^ >«} • <Urf y^ 1-^3 

i^3 • ji^i j^y^i j^li^i ^>^b >>i!3 J*''*r«3 oMa tAy f- '®3 b 

' Cod. I^JjL. • Cod. 

\Y JW^i vvsfe 

^^*^ii • O'f^ii yjyi3 ^^^^^3 '^^ *i'>'*^ ^^ s^ A^IPS ^"^l 

•:•*,«-» ajifc jy ^^ >Vii 2«^ ^^1^ ,,.^1 cjiki ^>t 

^Wl ^kO^ ^\ ^ Osjf^s ^yt^^ O- iiW J3JU ^1 

. »^>^ A«)l ^4^1 "^l J^l «3Uj J^ c>:!33l>»JI »l JJ^ 0-* 1° 

^>siUj a,^ j-J ai- ^^3 ^ •:■ a^-jUJW ^ ^a ^ne** ,>-«»j 
»l Us^t ffiji, o^S 'j^'iJ' >*j •:• '^^ c*/'' *^^-*' «>• *^ 

o>u. c~j a««^t »>! jV cm <^i»^ «£^ t^ ^^t tjA (>• 

>,eJt IJA Ji« ^3 ♦ J^l CM 4Jy V^' C^j' u*3 • OW CM 

,^^ C>U CicA Jjt a)^) U^ CM*ob 'S!^ ^^3 ^Sii *^S O^ 
.j,i\ SU, j*i JjSUUt Oti« J*l C«^ VJ*i»' C^,-JUI^ . c^Aj-^l 
^1 j^iJI ^t ^„*JLI.b ..*'^J O-^jl i*^^b o-Jb' 'i^ J^^ 

^ O-iJbb *J^'^ Chs!^ (^^ •^*' *«* *>** ^"^^ £"*>*" • w*-'**" 
J*t ^y^jut «t^ jU) •:• J^U 4ci JS ^JJI ^>^W cWJt cU^t 30 

f. 103 b S«»e~JI ,^1 l^jUtf CH>*-" 1^ 3 1(1 «H CM *J^ " " f '*a^ »' >i^ 
UU . ^,aX^^\ \iA'^\ ^^\ ^y^ >%• c43 C>«'I>UW >M!^>3)U 
. ii\K^'^K( O^jJUi . 4JL& Mi l^^ Hiim.^ ^«fiM Ujt^3 
' Cod. yi\ • Cod. 



• • 

.- * 

' • •. • • • . *-• 

^ • * 

* . • • 


S j^^ >it g iU^I ^>. . ^jl U-Jt a^j^' >3l W "iU^I o-» 
U,l >jl Ij JUU.t CM ■ Ajil V^ ^^ >>l W <iU^I i>* • ^1 

jL~lkJt uOyit ^1 jj4 ly^l >lil atU JA/ cm^ fi-*' »j^«*<?- 

(jA* Aj^U jM^^^ <**'^3 • i>ti>j* CH'^ O^ *ii*hi3 ^-M i>« 
«:X3 jj^ **A v^ •••• Vi« J^W (^JJl ^.-(Jl O^JSiJ J^J • v>eJUJI 

IS Je5>3[»b J*V3'J >>^— Jl^ Si^^lj a*ii«J>^ a*^-J3l^ jlKJtj J^**^!. 
j^k^l >.t ^Ij Ob' J-^ t^^ O"^' O- u-^' ^^J3 -^"^^ 

J3 t^JJt ^j,yi J^^l ^>ei« i-^jl J4^l o- WJ^ w-i"^' J-*< 

oy;:^ s^i^. ^ .^' oi*^« j«/^ • *iiy' *^» t^ *3;e*» j^^' 

ij-^t ^jJU3j vy» L^JHS »>rf *«-^ V* jUI J&>\3^ . lil^ 
OI& I^JJt »< «e^l ^U^ W^^ ^5)1 *>^ *^-«^ or-^=^ 

••• .«. .•• 

• • • 

» Cod OyU ' Cod. Arf^ » Cod. l^'-o1^ 

* Cod. ^3j ' Cod. li^ * Cod. t. 

•J^* O^ W O^ • CM^<-'W^W' vy< \J^ Ot^ b>^ O' C5**jy 

^LJ'i)! 3'N)^ jJ^j^ j^^Oi^ i^-a^^ . ^ v-«^^^^ >^>* L5*--5 
ajuU» v.aa„M»:i jm^\ «.t>«W 05.^^9 . o^*N) ^yjLZi V*^ ^W>^t ^^ 

.•^-^^ xr^*^' ^-•--i^ i>»j^« jA^^ OW*«J' 03r^. *>*W^ •:• Ai 

f. loob . Oyl^ \^J^^ -^3^^ 0>J^»«J' u^'^3 VJ^'i)' J*--?^^ cr*/**'^^ 
^1 Uu! ^ji\ ^ Jll^ .:• c^ti-J< a** 5*^ J^ ^^y' 'J^ jt^ 

j^m. jbjjJi^ JyiiJi a::^H.M u^j^\ ^\ ^3>^\ u^j\ cm ^>-« 

l^ •:• a^^d^JUt^ j.^t |>« aVfl,7^ £r>j jLftjt^ . d^JUo ^y»-t^ lyJuCJ 


CM . cM« ^>A)1 >3l W •.ilUU.I CM* ••• ih^ s-eJ^« ,^ »« W 

» Cod. o**--8^W • Cod. !jjL4 » Cod. o»5^U^' 

' ' Cod. liUpt^ • Cod. AUjl<^ • Cod. ^^W /^^sswi 

' Cod. i> . W . u o » Cod. l>j^! • Cod. .n^;» passim 

,^ iftUi tji* ^^ . jt^m^x jA^i ^1 jUi s>(^ 2:ii;3t ifitji 

5 w'** • 0«*!j-J« c^*J^ ««#y« **^« ^3 • J^ 0« J-^*^ W^ 

oi>«'>)t ^U3 ^1 >) Oj^ if^yi oj^v UJU . a««yi ^u^ 

^ »^ u" ^-^ '^i ■ t^' *=-^ ^^ ^n*'A-*»J >n^^ "93 f. 99l> 

lo iftUt «Juk ^ 3Syu>\i >*-'i «:^~:-^ •mUj U~>t jy i^JJI Wi 

^r-A1j^l ^rt~2»-£> W,rt~&3 V3ly*l ^1' ^ ^^JJI U» CM 

. v>A> a..^-3W c^3-a;ju' i»-^j *.i>«'^W r->«35 >Ui«ji J%jJij 

•:• Sj«3|^ ift^ ^^ 4JJI ^t >^.^ ...Jl e^ a^>LJI iftLJt ^j 

• L^JVJ •W*'5>« J»U3^ j->-35 w-j-^l 01^ ^jv i«/tJI iftl-JI ^^ 

15 v>*tat Aei JgJU.^ a^UJI »Jl* ^ U)l cM W^ O^' *-<»^>^ >^ 

. u-y"^' »>• *t-i^' jy"^! *^W' **^' t/* • >»-" vl«»--»' J>^i 
c^^V^t ^> vWTn..^ U~Ji vt>/t ^ b^^^ '^^i 1^3 -'•-'^t 

i* a^iUji atui ^^ . Veie yi^i ^Ui ^y>^ i»A& WW' 

' Cod. iy«JI • Cod. Ol>-»m ' Cod. j>«*W 

■" • 


^jLJ'nH 3^I>^ •Xi^j^ L^J^ u-4:!^ • (^ V--!*^^-5 >^>* U-^-^ 

ajuU» ^>a*!>^"'^^ j«^t pf3««W ^>^H9 • «>«*^ ^^a;^ V*^ ^Wyt '^ 
.A^^ ^o^*^' ^'•^3 u^r^^ Jir^3 OW^«J' 03r^^ *>*W^ •••• -^ 
f. loob . |J 3 . u » fl , 4 ^^^iopl >y^^ O^**^*^^ U^H^^ VJ^*^' J»-*8^^ cr*>*''^' 

^i Uui ^ji\ ^ ju^-'.-Chj^' a** 5ju> jjt^ c^yi tjjk ^ 

i^ jbjjJb ^>^' ^^^^^' u^J*^' i^^ ^3>J^^ u^j' CM ^^>-' 
b •:• a^^^fc Am31^ >^iCJI |>« it.7.i fSj jLPjt^ . d^JU ^y^t^ VuC^ 

U«j^' AJLsia.t ^>JU UUub JU..^^ ^UJUt C^tJt ^t vlP 
•»t b« '.iU^I o-j' ■:• y-^l JJU-^^ ^>iC-l .illrf ^^ Jpl jyi^ 

CM . cW« i:!>31 >3l W •.OJU.t CM* ••-• ^h^ ^r-*^« u^ >3< W 

' Cod. Cht^-^W " Cod. tjjJk » Cod. o^^U^' 

• * Cod. lUpi^ • Cod. 2lUju^ • Cod. j»>Lj /<afw/w 

' Cod. •tUij^ • Cod. l>j^l • Cod. dUi^JU passim 



^^ . v»>»JI O- *A*-l3 ^ Uj Ull ^ oy^ '-J 0*=e^' «i^* 
tr«) ^^1 «J^ ^^ ■ >>>Ot JA^I ^1 jUt S^U UOI iftLJt 

5 w^^ • c«*!>-J' cr'J^ ^!P' **^» ^^ ■ Ji^ Ol J--*9 W^ 

ot>«<^t ,£U3 ««^i "^ c>« ig^yt oj^v v«u . a«^yi ^u^ 

lo a^LJt «Juk ^ aCj^Jt^ »«wt w.;^ jJU^ U^l J^i ^JJt Wt 

. v^ a.w-jw c^>-iu' i,.^^^ ^V^V ^j-3^ >u«»» wk-«"3 

■ sJ^i »V^'^I >^9 r-t~3^ c>«j'^t ^ly (^JV aj^UJI 2»t^t ^3 
15 o*\SJ\ Aei UU.^ afttJt «Jjk ^ UJI o^ W& o^t ^-<*^>^ >U 

. ^j')\ ^>. v,,JjJI 2.>-i iuDI aftUJt ^3 . ^^t vl"^' ^'Jj 

^i-^y l*> v^'^J U-J' v'>#' f-^ »j^wi a*ut ^j:*JUI 

^y^ jis. a^uji a*uji ^3 . i»^ ju^i i^ iii»i \^ WW 

' Cod. iy«JI ' Cod. Ot^rfiuJJ ' Cod. j>«*W 

r "» 

f.98b jl»J«^ JeUI out- JU ^\ W -^'j •••• J^«»t o«i« ->J^ v>« 

,^^;;»Jlft jJU . l^ »r^^i M^t «t*^ ^^^ i^* i^^ M»J^ 
v^' ur*5y^ 'Cji ^^ w*;'^' Ol>a* Js*?- U-« ^y*»i5 iiui 
. ^ uLAj ^»^^ iUHi'^t j^lj J VJtj J^l Ol*l- > J* ^ 

^^^^1 a..^ ^ujji ji^ji o- iJ^-^J' »*^i L^ o» 'lj*' >^'^ 

2frUlj . ^•*l£>j ^!JUt Ol^JU* 09^ ^^^ ^^^ J^S • *^^ L5" ^° 

a^ujt iftUtj . o«'^^JJt ^>W» <Wty t 2frUi^ . ^Ugjt j^t.^ aamt 
^ o^ ' ^^^ cy r'^j^^^ ^^ {^^ J^^^ ajt^Lj) a^tjt 

Oy^y^ yji^^ ^^ ^^ i-^ A*-'^^ ^Ul j^^.v>t^b>^b 15 
f.99a j»^ J^ 0-« ^^^ *J^ L5^ V^^ cr»J^' f-JJ ^j4; "^ >^ 


AJL« UU.^ OJ^U. A^Ut .£U:i ^ U3t oOa^ y^ •:• CHjuJUJt 20 

5>l^ ^^•^t AftUI ^ . JJJI OUU U!^ •:• •:• aJJ! ^j^* ,>j^ 

* 0[>^ *s inserted at the foot of the page. 

OW>5 *A)» J^ . v>J» l5J^ chrf U,^'> Wj5 V . JerfU J3 ^ 

<-J Oti^ *^ >^ >^ J^ *AH O'JJ v>a!« OW^ l;^j^ JtM 

*^» J«- V>JI J>,5 Oti^ ^\j KJS.4^\ J3 ^ *^ 2^1 

5 Nip U4 . Uiefc *^j J^g tj.— . >bj! *iV?jS O^ Jn^ OW^ 

*Xi\ >jij •:• 4319.. >lil Up Ujj^ Jx ^ . 4*C^ 4^ Jjj^ ^>^« 
•:• li^ iiU U«kc Uj*.' J«/U ^ t^*.^ >jt o>-^ • -i^^ ^^^^ 

15 O^i u^^ib <'^^ ^.fl*'.'l A3Uj oJ>j j^ UJU . <Uw Oy^i ^U.^^ 

•:• •:• •:• »l 
jLift */ *>»yy *i>^i *k4..»j . *^ .sL-«3» U ,i^ ^\ li ^1 

• (^"V o^^ (.r*>!-9 1^^^ '^^^ ^^ \j*y^ «^^' '^' ^^^ 

.•• ••• ,•. 

• • • 

r -1 

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tjjb o^ ^^ji>- Afii o^ v5J^< O^P^ v^ ^*^ ^>* «-''**«« ^>* 

The side of folio 98 is cut along its whole length. 
' Cod. 4:ki^ ' Cod. o>»- ' Cod. j^ib 

OU3t U>a» ^le^W bT'^Jti^* u'^l v>* '^^^ V^*^' v>*JJI O^^ 

ts* *JUI O^ ^» Ue^ t^jLt^ 0» CM J^ -Jlj • •'^ ^>*^** J>J-» 
0«4.jJjJ oWJ^b • «^^ ^"^ vo*^! 0!9^ »)^t i^> *if^ '^i 5 
tjJkU 4U3 Oi^i ■ ^ ••'^W v5>^t »'*-^ K-" ^ >t)b • '*-**«'^ 

^>ejU OoV . J^t ^v^^^^lj cJL^i t^fc »t JU* wi^j . «JUUI lo 

je/U ojjy j^i ^.Ji-i^ cJ«»-j u>jUa . >y *;:*.« lii^j, 
:jIU** . CHi^ c^i Wi^' j^u g.ji>3j . jerfU c^» wa» o«i« 

jys:i\ SjUu "^^ij ^jjui «>ii(Ji iJA ujLi»i^ >uut ><^y cm^ 

f. 97 b jJ$^ jUill CM A>^IUa>J U <0 UjJ|^ 4JJI ^J4 Cm/ JU* 1{JU>9 
!^UAi . A3t^ U»i;Lu j^l^ J£> ^«JLJ Ai\ U2U» I3U . 01/^ Vs^t 
' Cod. vl>*Jb ' Cod. li^tJ • Cod. li^J 

•• f 

^>.' ^i^ l^Ae JUi« ^j c.*;-^' C^ ^ tr«*- * J^' v>*' 0« 
\y^\^ cJU.>l^ «:;<£«iit l,^ ^t it^\ Uut c.u«)j »>Tj.W* 'J^t f-9<s> 

^JJt >U«)I O^mZ^I lit <!UI O^U . JUUj^ Ca^ oy^ 

,^^j ilj^U^J iiyajt ^j':)\ ^j lo>~&V» ^ **t53 o' 

,j6jj tjjLft ^>* U-^. cr^ i^J-^' ^» JH *iy V*«*J' »>/> 
lo jy O^ c«^l «iWi ^ . U-Jt 0-« cW'5>' ^>* »iJa t^» J*^ 

;^^>. Ae* ^JJI CUSyi ^^ >,9Jt Vli-3 ^\ JjUJ! ^ .ytio 

IS jU-ij. J*fc ^ JjJ^ ^J^ j^\ JL«i ^>« JU» oJjJt 4«S 
(^JJt ^>«JI ^3 cM ■ *iJ* AASy (^lUt ^>»'l 1^ '^^^JtS <^«^ 

VW JA*< ur'^>J< 'ch*' '>^^ >J» j>-l U^ . ^S ^ ,^W 'j-b 

>>' >•» >»5 •:• OiA'^ CHJ^ -*"* i'' ^^J **^>J' v>* v>«-<>« 

' Cod. jn\i ' Cod. Jj!-U ' Cod. ,^5-3U * Cod. C,:;*. 

' Cod.^»U* ' Cod. IS I 

a;jL1»U gU»U vW^ b^ v>« V^ ^^ ^A^ ^< C^OA^IU 

asjux* y^ jij ,^^ ^j' 5|^i fJ» o*^ *^'*^ ^^^^ 5 

wJdMi^ U^a^ Aft^^-^ Oj>U . 5>i|JLJl j^\ J^ »! ^^^y o^ 

U^a^^ ^>« ujuj azs^t 5^t ^^ j&>\ UJU . cju u^ w^\ 

i^jUl j^ ^UJ! Uw .o^^ ^ • ^^^ ^^^ ^.^ 0>- ^y 
oUU .^JL$ UyiwMu> J^ dlit wipt UtV. o^JJDt .iJUUt^ 

Mkk^S \J^ . ^.^Wl vy^ AljLU ^ t j3;^ .> ^JJI^ vJ^I^ ^^eliaJ! 

* Cod. Imi^ » Cod. I- 


^^-^ L5^^ J-^^ L5^ £«^ ^ ^♦^■'-^ v:^' ^>^^ ^'^^ J^^ 

^ j^ U£> . ^jJiJI VjJ» aJJI i-.j5i£> OJ^ iJ^'> L5^ >J^i^J 

a.«e^ \^^ j^>\ J^>t Vw L5^' *i-^3^' ^^^^^^j *>^^« ^u^« 

^1 l^juJS ,^^ 1>*.^ >>«^ .ju^ ^^ O^^J«4^« >*^»^ 
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